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Dante's Inferno Essay Example | Topics and Well Written …
APA Format Examples, Tips, and Guidelines. APA format is the official style used by inferno the American Psychological Association and is commonly used in psychology, education, and romeo other social sciences. Check out dantes, this gallery of examples, tips, and guidelines for writing papers in doctor hessayon, APA format. Your title page should include a running head, page number, article title, author name, and author affiliation. The sixth edition of the APA Publication Manual contained a few changes to the format of an APA style title page.
Your title page should contain a running head that is inferno flush left at the top of the page and a page number that is flush right at michelle robinson later obama princeton, the top of the page. Topics? The title should be at the top half of the page and should be centered between margins. Use both upper-case and lower-case letters. This page should include the title of your paper, your name, and your school affiliation. The APA suggests that your title is no more than 12 words in length. Avoid using titles or degree info (such as Dr. or Ph.D.) before and after your name. Your title should be a very concise statement of what the reader will find in razors edge essay, the paper. In many cases, your title will identify the dantes topics, major variables and razors the relationships between them. For example, #34;Effect of Sleep Deprivation on Math Performance#34; is an example of a succinct title that clearly describes what the paper is about. The APA style guide also advises writers to avoid phrases such as #34;An Experimental Investigation on. Dantes Inferno Essay Topics? #34; or #34;A Study of. #34;. You should also avoid any extraneous words that do not add meaning to your title.
All sources cited in your psychology paper should be included in the reference page. The reference page should appear at the end of thesis statement your APA paper. The purpose of this page is to provide a list of sources used in your paper so that the reader can easily look up all of the materials you cited. One of the first rules you should observe on topics your reference page: If you cited the article in your paper, it must appear in the reference list. Conversely, if a source appears on your reference page, it must be cited somewhere in your paper. Your references should begin on a new page with the title References centered at the very top. Do not underline, italicize or place quotation marks around the statement, References title. Dantes Inferno Topics? Some More Basic Reference Page Rules. Your references should be alphabetized by the last names of the first author of each source. All references should be double-spaced. Each reference should use a hanging indentation: the first line of the reference should be flush left, but each additional line of the doctor hessayon, reference needs to be indented.
In article titles, only the first letter should be capitalized. Topics? If a colon appears in the title, the razors edge essay, first letter after the colon should also be capitalized. Inferno Essay? The title should not be placed in quotations, underlined or italicized. All major words in the title of a journal should be capitalized; i.e. The Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Longer works such as books and thesis statement model journals should appear in italics. In the case where the same author is cited multiple times for different works, start by listing these references in chronological order with the oldest reference appearing first and working your way up to the most recent one. Learn more about inferno, APA references: Tables are a great way to display a great deal of information in a concise, clear and easy to read format. In APA format papers, tables are generally used to michelle lavaughn later senior, describe the results of statistical analysis and other pertinent quantitative data. However, it is important to note that tables are not simply used to replicate data that has already been presented in the text of the paper and not all data should be presented in dantes essay topics, a table.
If you have little numeric information to present, it should be described in the text of your paper. The official APA publication manual recommends designing your table with the essay for medical best, reader in mind. Strive to communicate data in a way that is clear and easy to understand. Basic Rules for Tables in APA Format. All tables should be numbered (e.g. Dantes Inferno Essay Topics? Table 1, Table 2, Table 3).
Each table should have an individual title, italicized and presented with each word capitalized (except and , in , of , with , etc.). For example, Correlations Between Age and Test Scores. Try to doctor hessayon, ensure that your title is neither too general nor too specific. Dantes Inferno Topics? Each table should begin on a separate page. Horizontal lines can be used to separate information and make it clearer. Do not use vertical lines in an APA format table. According to thesis statement, the new sixth edition of the APA manual, a table can be either single-spaced or double-spaced. The key is to keep the table readable and the spacing consistent.
All tables should be referenced in the text of the paper. Tables should be last, after your reference list and appendixes. Inferno Essay Topics? You should use a font that is large enough to read without magnification Focus on keeping your table concise. Too much extraneous information can overwhelm and confuse the reader. Razors Edge? Stick to reporting the most important data. Dantes Essay Topics? Remember that your table is there to supplement rather than replicate the text of your paper. Do not feel the need to doctor hessayon, discuss every element of your table in your text. Inferno? Instead, mention key highlights and tell the doctor hessayon, reader what to look for in your table. Table headings should be located flush right. Each column should be identified using a descriptive heading. The first letter of each heading should be capitalized.
Abbreviations for standard terms (e.g. M, SD, etc.) can be used without explanation. Uncommon definitions should be explained in a note below the dantes essay, table. Additional Notes to an APA Format Table. If additional explanation is needed, a note can be added below the thesis model, table. There are three kinds of notes: General notes, specific notes, and essay topics probability notes. General notes refer to some aspect of the entire table; specific notes refer to a particular column or row; probability notes specify the razors, probability level. Is the dantes inferno, table needed to present data or could the data simply be presented in the text? Does the title of your table clearly but briefly explain what it is about?
Is the spacing consistent throughout the table? Does the body of the paper refer to romeo, the table? Is each column of the table clearly labeled? If your paper contains more than one table, are they similar in format and presentation? Are any special or uncommon abbreviations explained in notes? American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication Manual of the dantes inferno essay topics, American Psychological Association. Author: Washington, DC. Journal articles should appear in essay, alphabetical order in your APA format reference list.
Consult the image below for dantes examples of journal articles in APA format. Capitalize the on gattaca, first word in the title, subtitle, and proper nouns. Italicize the name of the publication and the volume number. The basic format of a journal article reference involves listing authors by their last names followed by their initials. Next, the dantes inferno topics, publication year is enclosed in parentheses and followed by a period. The title of the article should then follow, with only the first word and any proper nouns capitalized. The title of the doctor hessayon, journal should then follow along with the volume number, both of which should be italicized, and the page numbers of the article should also be included. Finally, a DOI number should be included if one is available. Dantes Essay Topics? Referencing electronic sources in APA format requires special style concerns. Electronic References Are Similar to personal application, Other References. The basic format of an electronic reference is topics very similar to that of any other reference.
However, you do need to include the date the essay, reference was retrieved from the Internet as well as the online location of the document. As you perform research and accumulate sources, always be sure to note the date you found a particular source as well as its exact location on the Web. Use a Digital Object Identifier When Possible. Because online URLs can change, the APA recommends utilizing a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) in your references whenever possible. A DOI is a unique alphanumeric string that begins with a 10 as well as a prefix (a four digit number assigned to organizations) and a suffix (a number assigned by the publisher). Many publishers will include the DOI on the first page of an dantes essay topics, electronic document.
If a DOI is available, simply include it at the end of the reference as follows - doi:10.0000/00000000000.
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Dantes inferno Essay Examples
sample of good essay Read the topic and sample essay, then study the comments. Click on the highlighted text for comments about academic writing conventions; click on inferno essay topics the notes in the margin for commentary on the essay. Birth rates are falling in developed countries. Edge Essay! There is one simple reason for this - young people nowadays are just too selfish and too self-centred to have children. And this is particularly true of women.
To what extent do you agree with this view? Support your argument with relevant readings and evidence. Countries in the developed world have seen a big shift in attitudes to population growth. Several generations ago, it was generally believed that too many babies were being born, and that societies should try to reduce their populations. Inferno Essay Topics! Nowadays, however, the concern is the reverse - that birthrates are falling too low and that urgent action is needed to encourage people to have more children. But what are the causes of this trend? And how much are the attitudes and lifestyles of young people to robinson later princeton senior thesis blame? This essay will consider a number of explanations for the so-called baby crash.
My argument will be that to hold young people responsible is neither valid nor helpful. The best explanation, I believe , is to be found in the condition of increased economic insecurity faced by the young. The birth rate has fallen dramatically in many parts of the world. To take several examples, in Europe in 1960, the total fertility rate (TFR) was about 2.6 births per female, but in 1996 it had fallen to 1.4 (Chesnais, 1998) . Dantes Inferno! In many Asian countries, similar declines have been experienced. Japan now has a birthrate of only about 1.3, and Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to below 1.0 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000) . A TFR of below 2.0 means that a country#039;s population is essay on gattaca, not replaced, and thus there is a net population decline. This ageing of the population has the potential to create serious problems. Fewer children being born means that in the long term, a smaller proportion of the populace will be economically productive, whilst a larger proportion will be old and economically dependent - in the form of pension, health care and other social services. Most experts agree that these greying societies will not be able escape serious social and economic decline in dantes inferno topics the future (Chesnais, 1998). So what are the statement causes of this trend and what can be done to stop it? One common approach has been to lay the blame on inferno essay young people and their supposedly self-centred values.
It is argued that in developed societies, we now live in statement model a post-materialist age, where individuals do not have to be so concerned about basic material conditions to dantes inferno survive (McDonald, 2000a). Thus people, especially the doctor hessayon young, have become more focussed on the values of dantes essay topics, self-realisation and the satisfaction of personal preferences, at the expense of traditional values like raising a family. A strong version of this view is put forward by Japanese sociologist, Masahiro Yamada (cited in Ashby, 2000) . He uses the term parasite singles to refer to grown children in their 20s and 30s who have left school and are employed, but remain unmarried and continue live at home with their parents. These young people are spoilt, he says, and romeo introduction, interested only in their own pleasure - mainly in dantes inferno essay the form of shopping. Lavaughn Princeton Senior Thesis! According to Yamada , it is this focus on self, more than any other factor, that is responsible for Japan#039;s languishing birth rate (Ashby, 2000).
In other developed countries, there is a similar tendency for the young to remain at home enjoying a single lifestyle - and a similar tendency for dantes inferno essay topics, older people to interpret this as selfishness (McDonald, 2000a). But is it reasonable to attribute the baby crash to introduction the pleasure-seeking values of the dantes young? The problem with this view is that whenever young people are surveyed about their attitudes to family, not only do they say they want to have children, they also express preferences for personal for medical school application best, family sizes that are, on average, above the replacement level (McDonald, 2000a). As an example, McDonald quotes an Australian study that found that women aged 20-24 expected to have an average of 2.33 children in dantes inferno essay topics their lifetime. Findings like this suggest that the values of the young are not at all incompatible with the idea of having a family. It seems then that, as young people progress through their twenties and thirties, they encounter obstacles along the way that prevent them from fulfilling their plans to be parents.
Some conservative thinkers believe the main obstacle is the changed role and status of women (eg. Norton, 2003). According to this view, because young women now have greater educational and career opportunities than in previous generations, they are finding the statement model idea of family and motherhood less attractive. Thus, educated middle class women are delaying marriage and childbirth or even rejecting motherhood altogether. It is inferno essay, claimed that women#039;s improved status - which may be a good thing in itself - has had the unfortunate consequence of later, threatening population stability. But there are several problems with this argument. For one, the lowest TFRs in dantes essay Europe are found in Spain and Italy (around 1.2), both more traditional, male-oriented societies, which offer fewer opportunities to women. In comparison, Sweden which has been a leading country in advancing the school best rights of women enjoys a higher TFR (1.6 in inferno topics 1996) - even though it is still below replacement. Chesnais (1998: p. 99) refers to this contrast as the feminist paradox and concludes that empowerment of razors edge, women [actually] ensures against essay, a very low birth rate (my emphasis) . Another problem with trying to link improved education levels for essay, women to low birth rates is that fertility in developed countries seems to be declining across all education and class levels. Essay Topics! In a recent survey of Australian census data, Birrell (2003) found that, whereas the non-tertiary-educated group was once very fertile, its rate of partnering is now converging towards that of tertiary educated women.
We can summarise the discussion to this point as follows: Young people today, in spite of what#039;s said about their values, still express a desire to have children. However, few end up having as many as they say they would like. The improved education and career opportunities for women does not seem to personal essay best be the decisive factor in reducing the number of children that a woman has. These conclusions suggest that there must be something else involved. Many writers are now pointing to a different factor - the dantes economic condition of young people and their growing sense of insecurity.
Peter McDonald (2000a) in his article #039;Low fertility in Australia: Evidence, causes and policy responses#039; discusses some of the things that a couple will consider when they are thinking of having a child. One type of thinking is what McDonald calls Rational Choice Theory, whereby a couple make an assessment of the essay relative costs and benefits associated with becoming a parent. In traditional societies, there has usually been an economic benefit in having children because they can be a source of inferno, labour to doctor hessayon help the dantes inferno essay topics family. In developed societies, however, children now constitute an economic cost, and so, it is argued, the benefits are more of a psychological kind - for example, enjoying the status of being a parent, having baby who will be fun and will grow up to love you, having offspring who will carry on the family name etc. The problem, McDonald suggests, is that for edge, many couples nowadays the economic cost can easily outweigh any perceived psychological benefits. McDonald (2000b) discusses another type of decision-making - Risk Aversion Theory - which he says is also unfavourable to the birth rate.
According to this theory, when we make important decisions in our lives life, if we perceive uncertainty in our environment, we usually err on the side of safety in order to avert risk. McDonald points to inferno a rise in economic uncertainty which he thinks has steered a lot of young people away from life-changing decisions like marriage and parenthood: Jobs are no longer lifetime jobs. There is a strong economic cycle of essay on gattaca, booms and inferno essay topics, busts. Geographic mobility may be required for employment purposes (McDonald, 2000: p.15). Birrell (2003) focuses on increased economic uncertainty for men. Referring to the situation in Australia, he discusses men#039;s reluctance to form families in terms of perceived costs and risks: Many men are poor - in 2001, 42 per cent of men aged 25-44 earnt less than $32,000 a year. Only two-thirds of men in this age group were in full-time work. Young men considering marriage could hardly be unaware of the risks of marital breakdown or the long-term costs, especially when children are involved (Birrell, 2003: p.12).
And Yuji Genda (2000) in Japan, responding to Yamada#039;s analysis of parasite singles, argues that the failure of young Japanese to leave home and start families is not due to self-indulgence, but is an understandable response to increasingly difficult economic circumstances. Genda (2000) notes that it is the young who have had to michelle lavaughn princeton senior thesis bear the brunt of the decade long restructuring of the Japanese economy, with youth unemployment hovering around 10% and a marked reduction in secure full-time jobs for the young. Young people around the world seem to have an increasing perception of economic uncertainty and contemplate something their parents would have found impossible - a decline in living standards over their lifetime. According to a 1990 American survey, two thirds of respondents in the 18-29 age group thought it would be more difficult for their generation to live as comfortably as previous generations (cited in inferno topics Newman, 2000: p.505). Furthermore, around 70% believed they would have difficulty purchasing a house, and around 50% were worried about their future. Findings like these suggest that the younger generation may be reluctant to have children, not because they have more exciting things to do, but because they have doubts about their capacity to provide as parents. If we accept that economics has played a significant role in essay young people choosing to have fewer babies, then the key to reversing this trend is for governments to take action to remove this sense of insecurity. A number of inferno, policy approaches have been suggested. Some writers have focussed on personal for medical school application best the need for dantes essay, better welfare provisions for families - like paid parental leave, family allowances, access to child care, etc (Chesnais, 1998). Others have called for more radical economic reforms that would increase job security and doctor hessayon, raise the living standards of the young (McDonald, 2000b). It is hard to know what remedies are needed.
What seems clear, however, is that young people are most unlikely to dantes inferno reproduce simply because their elders have told them that it is selfish to do otherwise. Castigating the young will not have the effect of making them willing parents; instead it is likely to romeo essay introduction just make them increasingly resentful children. Ashby, J. (2000). Parasite singles: Problem or victims? The Japan Times. 7/04/02. Birrell, B. Inferno Essay! (2003). Fertility crisis: why you can#039;t blame the blokes. Essay For Medical! The Age 17/01/03 p. 14. Chesnais, J-C. (1998).
Below-replacement fertility in the European Union: Facts and Policies, 1960-1997. Review of Population and Social Policy, No 7, pp. 83-101. Genda, Y. Dantes! (2000). A debate on Japan#039;s Dependent Singles, Japan Echo, June, 2000, pp. Doctor Hessayon! 47-56. Ichimura, S. and N. Inferno Essay Topics! Ogawa (2000). Policies to meet the challenge of an princeton senior thesis aging society with declining fertility: Japan and other East Asian countries. Paper presented at the 2000 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Los Angeles, USA.
McDonald, P. (2000a). Low fertility in Australia: Evidence, causes and policy responses. Dantes Topics! People and thesis, Place, No 8:2. pp 6-21. McDonald, P. (2000b). The toolbox of inferno essay, public policies to impact on fertility - a global view. Paper prepared for the Annual Seminar 2000 of the European Observatory on Family Matters, Low Fertility, families and essay on gattaca, Public Policies, Sevilla (Spain), 15-16 September 2000.
Norton, A. (2003). Dantes Essay Topics! Student debt: A HECS on fertility? Issue Analysis No 3. Melbourne: Centre for Independent Studies. Newman, D. (2000). Sociology: Exploring the architecture of everyday life. California: Pine Forge. Notice what the question is asking students to do - in this case saying how much they agree with the #039;view#039; in the topic.
What do you think? Is this a reasonable explanation for the declining birthrate? Hint: always spend some time looking over essay and thinking about an dantes inferno topics essay topic before you start your planning and reading for it. As part of essay, this thinking, you should give some thought to what your position (argument) could be. Notice how in the introduction, this student writer: introduces the topic area in a general way (ie. declining birthrates) introduces the inferno essay main issue to be covered in the essay (ie. Thesis Statement Model! why this is happening). Hint: there are many different ways you can begin an essay - if you are stuck, try beginning with i) and inferno topics, ii). In the last part of the lavaughn robinson obama princeton introduction, the dantes essay student introduces his argument. Michelle Lavaughn Later Obama Princeton Senior Thesis! Notice how he disagrees with the explanation in the topic, and essay topics, then offers an alternative explanation. Hint: in the introduction it is always a good idea to state what you intend to argue. In this paragraph, the student considers the first part of the topic - that birth rates have fallen. This is doctor hessayon, presented as background information.
Notice how the topics student begins the paragraph with a claim (that the birth rate has fallen dramatically in robinson princeton many parts of the world) and essay, then supports this with relevant evidence (statistics from Europe and Asia). Hint: in your writing be aware when you are making claims - be aware also of the need to support them with some evidence. After giving some background in paragraph 2, the student reminds the reader what the essay main issue is - why birthrates have declined? Notice also that the student has seen the dantes inferno essay topics issue as a #039;problem#039; - and asks What can be done about personal for medical school best it? Hint: always be aware what the main issue is inferno essay topics, you are addressing in romeo your work. This paragraph mainly summarises the ideas of those who think young people are to blame for declining birthrates.
Notice how in the first part of the paragraph, these ideas are discussed in a general way. In the second part, the student focuses on the ideas of a single writer (Yamada) as a specific example of this view. Hint: always try to find opportunities in your work to dantes inferno essay engage with the ideas of individual writers. The previous paragraph was concerned with summarising some ideas. Notice how in this new paragraph, the model student provides a critique of these ideas. (Recall the student#039;s argument in the introduction: . to hold young people responsible is neither valid nor helpful). Notice too that the student provides some supporting evidence for this critique - mainly from the work of McDonald. Hint: it is quite OK to criticise the ideas of other writers - in fact many essay topics will specifically ask you to dantes inferno essay do this. But if you are going to be critical, you need to provide good reasons for your critique. Recall that the topic suggested that young people were to blame for declining birthrates - and then went on to single out women. Essay On Gattaca! In this paragraph, the student takes up this gender issue. Hint: aim to structure your essays so that all issues in the topic are covered - and in dantes topics some logical sequence.
In this paragraph the thesis student seeks to dismiss the view that young women are to blame. (There are several problems with this argument).Notice that the student then goes on to explain these problems (For one. ; Another problem is that . ). Hint: the providing of dantes inferno essay, a well-organised critique is something your lecturers will value highly in your work. Recall the second part of the student#039;s argument stated in the introduction: The best explanation is to be found in the condition of increased economic insecurity faced by the young. The student now elaborates on this part of the essay argument. Hint: remember that the argument is the key to any essay you write. In the body of your essay, you need to be sure that your argument comes through clearly. Providing evidence for the argument. The student is arguing that economic insecurity experienced by young people is the main reason why the birthrate is in decline. Notice how in the rest of the essay, he seeks to support this argument with various forms of evidence. The student presents a range of evidence: several theories discussed by McDonald some research by Birrell comments by Genda results of dantes essay, a US survey. Hint: it is important to edge have an argument in your essay.
But it is inferno essay topics, equally important to provide support for what you are arguing. Your essays will be judged mainly on your ability to essay do these two things. There are a number of things happening in the conclusion. In the inferno essay topics first sentence, the personal for medical application student restates his argument - if we accept that. . He then goes on essay topics to discuss what could be done to deal with the problem. In broad terms this is a discussion of the implications of the students#039; argument. Notice also how the student mentions the application negative implications of the dantes inferno topics blaming approach. Hint: a conclusion that only restates the argument can be a bit uninteresting. You might also like to consider the implications of doctor hessayon, your argument - but you should do this briefly. Think: I have argued for this position - so what might follow on dantes inferno essay from this. You may have noticed that this essay is thesis model, quite tightly structured. Dantes Inferno Topics! Its paragraph structure can be set out thus:
Introduction Background to issue Explanation point 1 - summary student#039;s critique Explanation point 2 - summary student#039;s critique Student#039;s alternative explanation - Evidence 1 - Evidence 2 - Evidence 3 Conclusion. Hint: always try to map out personal essay school a structure for your essay. Do this before you do too much writing. You may have noticed that the essay is free of spelling, typographical and grammatical errors. Hint: always read your work very carefully before you submit it. Avoid doing your editing on the screen. Always print out and edit from a hard copy.
Note in the references section, you need to list all the texts you have referred to (cited) in the essay - not all the texts you have read, as some students mistakenly believe. Inferno Topics! Notice that the sample essay refers to a total of nine texts. This is a good number, and indicates that the doctor hessayon student has done a fair amount of reading. Hint: try to include a reference to dantes essay most of the texts that you read for an essay - so that you can build up a reasonable list of references. Of course, all references have to be relevant to your argument. Notice how the student uses I in his essay:
The best explanation, I believe, is. Essay! And in the previous sentence, another first person pronoun is topics, used: My argument is that . Some students have the impression that they are not allowed to use these words in their written work. But in fact they can often be found in academic writing. In general, the best place to use them is in the introduction - when you are presenting your argument. But if you are concerned that it is not OK to use I, you can use other expressions - which avoid self-reference, but which mean much the same thing, e.g.
This essay will argue that . Remember though, that the really important issue is not the words you use to present your argument - but that your essay actually has a clear argument. Try to keep your paragraphs a reasonable length. (Most paragraphs in this essay are around 7-8 sentences long.) Citations are used to indicate the source of the romeo ideas you have used in your essay. Note that there are two main citation systems: the author-date system (also known as Harvard); the footnote system (also known as Oxford). In this essay, the author-date system has been used. Dantes Essay Topics! (Always check which system is essay, required in dantes each of your subjects.)
Citation 2 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000) Citations can be set out in a number of ways. One method is to present some information and then provide the citation immediately after it to indicate the source. These are known as #039;information-prominent#039; citations eg: Japan now has a birthrate of only about 1.3, and Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to below 1.0 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000). Other formats are considered further on. Citation 3 Masahiro Yamada (cited in Ashby, 2000) This citation means that the student is thesis model, dealing with the dantes inferno essay ideas of Yamada, but actually read about them in Ashby#039;s text. Whilst you should make an effort to essay read ideas in their original form, this is not always possible.
In such cases, use the #039;cited in#039; format. When you are summarising the ideas of a writer, you need to dantes essay use reporting expressions like the ones used here: He [Yamada] uses the term . According to application Yamada. You use these to essay distance yourself from certain language. eg. when you are using an razors essay informal expression, or a term used by others that you don#039;t necessarily agree with. In this paragraph, the student wants to reject the view in the topic - that young people#039;s selfishness is to blame for the declining birthrate. Notice how he does this in a careful way, by using expressions like: Findings like this suggest that . It seems then that . Being careful about the way you express your claims is a distinctive feature of academic style. When you quote an author (like Chesnais here) you need to use quotation marks, and indicate the exact page number in the citation. Sometimes you may need to dantes inferno change the wording of the quote slightly so that it fits into your sentence.
If you need to doctor hessayon add/change any words, use [ ]; if you need to dantes delete words, use . (Whilst it is robinson thesis, OK to change the dantes topics wording of a quote, you must never change its sense.) Use italics when you want to emphasise a word. Essay! (When you do this in a quote, you need to indicate that it is your emphasis.) It#039;s OK to use dot points in an essay (or numbered points here), but use them very sparingly. Citation 4 Peter McDonald (2000a) . discusses. Notice how in some citations the author can be part of the sentence: Peter McDonald (2000a) . discusses some of the things etc. This is known as an #039;author-prominent#039; citation and is very common in academic writing. Notice the topics use of reporting verbs in this citation type (discusses). Use #039;inverted commas#039; for the title of an statement model article. Use italics for dantes inferno topics, the title of a book. Notice some of the other reporting expressions used in the student#039;s summary of Peter McDonald#039;s ideas: . Lavaughn Later Obama Princeton! what McDonald calls. . McDonald points to dantes topics . . which he thinks.
It#039;s very important to make it clear to your reader when one paragraph ends and a new one begins. In this paragraph (#9), there is some potential for confusion. Notice how the student has used indenting to make this clear. Quotes of more than one sentence in length should be separated from the main text. Notice how these are indented and are in a slightly smaller font. Again you should indicate the page number. You only edge, have to provide a separate list of references when you use the inferno topics author-date system. Entries should be set out in alphabetical order. Each entry should generally be set out in the following order and format: Author family name, Initial. Princeton Senior Thesis! (date).
Title. Place: Publisher. It is becoming increasingly common for dantes inferno topics, students to doctor hessayon refer to sources from the world wide web in their essays. Dantes! In addition to providing author and essay, title of site, you need to include: the URL for the site when you accessed the site. Although web references can be very useful, you obviously need to exercise some caution - there is a lot of junk around. Check all sites carefully to inferno topics be sure the doctor hessayon information provided has credibility (.edu and .org sites are generally the more reliable).
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We provide writing tips, expert advice, and sample images covering every resume format for your convenience. Looking for more resume samples? Click the link below. How to Choose the Best Resume Format. Use the on gattaca chart below to get a quick idea of which resume format will be best for presenting your unique job experience. As you may have seen above, job seekers have three options when it comes to dantes essay topics, formatting their resume: Chronological, Functional, and Combination . Each resume format has their own set of advantages and disadvantages for essay, different kinds of job seekers, so be sure to choose wisely. Inferno. Check out the in-depth writing guides below to get every bit of information needed to create the best resume for you: To get inspiration and an idea of what your resume can look like, we’ve created three huge libraries of thesis, resume format examples . The links below are separated by dantes topics resume style and include industry-specific samples.
Visit each library and find your industry. As the michelle lavaughn robinson later obama princeton name suggests, a reverse chronological resume presents your work experience information from topics, newest (most relevant) to michelle robinson later senior thesis, oldest (least relevant). This means the resume will begin with your most recent job, and end with your oldest experience. This structure allows you to dantes inferno, present yourself in razors, terms of your promotions and upward career mobility , and is therefore particularly useful for entry to mid level applicants looking to inferno essay topics, boost their careers. I should use a reverse chronological resume format if… I want to demonstrate a vertical career progression.
I want to essay on gattaca, apply to dantes essay, a job in essay, a similar field. I don’t have large work experience gaps. I shouldn’t use a reverse chronological style if… I have multiple gaps in my employment history. I am considering working in dantes, a new industry I frequently change jobs. To learn more about what should be in included in a reverse-chronological resume, click here. The functional resume format frames the candidate in terms of the skills and abilities he/she believes are most relevant to the job opening . Unlike the reverse chronological resume, the essay functional resume ignores when and where the candidate learned or performed those skills . The candidate and simply lists them at the top of the resume in inferno essay topics, order of most relevant to least relevant skills. Even the “least relevant” skill should still be relevant to the job you are applying for. “Least relevant” here really means “the least relevant of your most relevant skills.” Warning: Many human resources professionals have negative impressions of romeo essay introduction, functional resumes precisely because they do not reveal chronological information, making it seem like the candidate is hiding something.
By using the functional format, job candidates can achieve three big goals: provide evidence that they are strong candidates for dantes, the job, and hide work experience gaps (if they haven’t been working for periods of time.) help hiring managers quickly locate specific skills that are required for a particular position, which is beneficial. I should use a functional resume format if… I have unusually large gaps in my employment history. I am in the midst of a big career change into a new industry. I want to promote a specific skill set. I shouldn’t use a functional style if: I want to highlight my upward career mobility. I am a student or entry-level candidate that lacks experience. I lack relevant or transferable skills. To learn more about what should be in included in a functional resume, click here.
A combination resume is literally a combination of the reverse-chronological and functional resume formats. Combination resumes will often begin with a professional profile or summary of essay on gattaca, qualifications that includes skills, abilities, and achievements relevant to topics, the job opening. (This is the functional part.) This introductory section is then followed by on gattaca your reverse-chronological professional experience, education, and inferno additional sections. Razors Essay. (This is the inferno essay reverse-chronological part.) I should use a combination resume format if… I want to showcase a relevant and doctor hessayon well-developed skill set. I want to transfer to dantes inferno topics, a different industry.
I am a master at razors edge, what I do. I shouldn’t use a combination resume format if… I am a student or entry level candidate. I want to emphasize my educational experience. I lack relevant qualifications and dantes inferno skills. To learn more about what should be in included in a combination resume format, click here. If you have any specific questions not answered in this guide please feel free to razors edge, post them in the comments at the bottom of the inferno page and one of our Senior Resume Experts will be glad to answer them for you! PS. Need that job? Be sure to school application, download our Resume Checklist to ensure that you’ve written a complete, professional resume. Click Here to Download.
Our Resume Checklist. If I apply a admin. job but I only have relevant experience several years ago, and dantes topics now in school learning social service. How can I make my resume? Emphasize old skills and transferable skills from personal school application, social service in a combination or functional resume. Good luck on the job hunt! Yes, if you have several impressive awards/honors then they can definitely be place above your professional experience.
Good luck on the job hunt! We suggest using a combination format. Best of luck on inferno essay the job hunt! We suggest that you stick with the traditional reverse-chronological format. Good luck! I did a career shift recently to teaching after having a graduate degree and 10 years experience in planning and development. On Gattaca. I have recently completed a graduate degree in education and have 2 years of teaching experience in a preschool setting and dantes topics trying to now make the shift to elementary age. Do you think I should use a combination resume? A combination resume should work for essay, your situation. Check out our combination format writing guide for dantes, more info: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/combination-resume-samples.
For a chronological resume, if I completed an internship with a past employer — while simultaneously being employed by them — does the internship go above or below the primary employment experience? (E.g., I worked at HSBV from 8/2013 – 12/2015, with my internship — also at HSBV — from 1/2015 – 5/2015, so right in the middle of my employment with them. Should the essay on gattaca internship be listed before, or after?) You should list you internship after your employment. Good luck! I have what I perceive to be a unique situation (I understand everyone thinks they are different). I am an dantes essay topics army veteran of nearly 7 years and now I am studying to get my BS is Homeland Security. I joined the army at statement model, 19 in dantes inferno essay topics, 2006 and got out in 2013. Michelle Lavaughn Robinson Later Obama Princeton Senior Thesis. From 2013 until January of this year, I have been trying to make my own way as an entrepreneur. I was largely unsuccessful and in dantes inferno, order to stay on top of my bills I ended up taking odd jobs during the day while working as a bouncer at essay introduction, various bars and clubs at night. I am currently looking for an internship as part of inferno essay, my degree program so i need to create a resume. I thought a functional resume would be ideal so as to blur the past 3 years.
However, I understand from robinson obama senior thesis, this article that students should use a chronological resume. I need to inferno essay, know how firm that rule is. Also, if anyone has any specific guidance for my resume I am very willing to accept advice. Thanks. In your situation, we would suggest using a functional format. This will allow you to focus on your skills that are relevant to the internship you are applying for. Good luck on the job hunt and thank you for razors, your service! Okay so I am a third year college student looking for dantes inferno essay topics, a part-time job that fits my class schedule and lavaughn robinson later thesis isn’t in the fast-food industry to help me pay rent next year. I have never had to write a resume for any of inferno, my other jobs so I’m at a loss as to what to do.
I am applying as an entry-level applicant but I also didn’t work during my freshman year and romeo essay about half of my sophomore year. Essay. Therefore I’m not really sure how to approach this and I really need this job. Please help! Thanks! Good luck on essay the job hunt!
Consider adding a ‘Publications’ section to dantes inferno essay, include your research and writing experience. Good luck on the job hunt. Several positions require a chronological resume be included. I am over personal essay for medical application 40, most recent position was over 5 yrs ago as a Seasonal Tax Professional with HR Block. Dantes Inferno. Recently received my AA degree.
I do not include employment start – end dates on my resume for many reasons but I am not trying to razors essay, look like someone who can not or will not follow directions either. Dantes Essay Topics. Please share your thoughts. Hi I used to be a pediatric nurse for two years till moved to doctor hessayon, this country on 2012 and have been working at Walmart since then, recently got my RN license and dantes inferno essay topics want to start working as a nurse…what type would you recommend me? In your case, we suggest using a functional resume. Best of luck on the job hunt! Hi, I am presently working as Project Manager in construction company and before this I worked as Operations Manager in razors edge essay, a different company. Now I want to apply for a job (Title : Plant Manager). Dantes Essay Topics. I am confused which format I should choose to post for this job opportunity. Please recommend.
We suggest sticking with the traditional reverse-chronological format. Best of luck! Detailing all 18 years of your experience might be overdoing it. With three pages, there is likely some redundant information that you could cut. However, if you truly feel that all of your content is razors, relevant and of interest to the employer, then stick with what you have.
Best of luck on the job hunt! I am now trying to rejoin the full-time workforce after almost a 17 year absence. Prior to marriage mother hood I was a very successful Director of Public relations for a well known beauty company in essay, NYC (1990-1996). After that I joined a small firm on Long Island as their first ever Director of PR and advertising (1997-1999). Then babies came. 6 years later I joined a local firm as their Director of doctor hessayon, Operations (office manager) from 2006-2009. Then my family and I moved to Switzerland and just returned after 7 years.
I was a teacher of English as a Second Language. I am looking for work in almost any capacity: From Communications manager to administrative assistant. I am struggling with how to present my resume. I’ve been letting my cover letters explain the history and why I would be a good fit for any given position, but I’m sure my resume is holding me back. Any ideas. Thanks in advance! If you’re looking to dantes inferno essay, get back into on gattaca, communications or office management, then it might be better to use a functional format. Essay Topics. This will allow you to romeo, emphasize your skills instead of the dantes essay dates of your work experience. As far as explaining work gaps in your cover letter, check out this how-to guide: https://resumegenius.com/cover-letters-the-how-to-guide/cover-letter-red-flags-solutions. While I was in high school I did my internship at for State Farm. After I graduated I was offered a job there and romeo essay introduction stayed there for 2 years.
I have recently worked at the National Instituted of Health for a year. I currently want to go back to finding an office job or something related and need help deciding what type of resume I should use? Based on the info you’ve given us, a ‘Chronological’ format would still be appropriate. Best of luck! If the inferno the position you are applying for is also an administrative job, then stick with the traditional Reverse-Chronological resume format. Romeo. Good luck on topics the job hunt!
Glad you liked it! Hi there! This is great. I was just wondering, if I’ve been at the same position for 3 years (2014-present) but did a second job for on gattaca, 6 months in 2015 that I would like to list, would I put that first (since technically 2015 is inferno essay, more recent than 2014)? Or would I list that after my current position, since I’m still presently in this role? Thanks! List your current position first. Best of luck! A combination or functional resume would be suitable. Michelle Lavaughn Princeton Senior Thesis. Best of luck! It sounds like a functional format would be a good choice.
Good luck on the job hunt! Hi there Elizabeth, You have a bit of flexibility with the dantes topics resume format, but when in essay introduction, doubt go with reverse-chronological. Because you’re lacking in transferable skills, I’d recommend working on your resume objective to get your application started on the right foot. https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume/career-objective-writing-guide. Also consider the soft skills you’ve built during your time working in a call center. Many of dantes topics, these could potentially be transferable. Doctor Hessayon. https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume/skills-section-writing-guide. Good luck with your job application! Yes, a combination resume is perfectly suited to dantes essay topics, someone of your experience, even with the career change. Good luck making the shift back into your previous field! If you are aiming for a new industry, you can’t go wrong with the classic “reverse-chronological” resume format. Good luck landing your fellowship!
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a compartive essay It’s paralyzing. Moving forward seems impossible, and inferno essay topics, self-doubt creeps in. On Gattaca? You feel like a lost puppy, unsure of what to dantes essay topics do next. When writer’s block strikes, it can be doggone demoralizing. But the good news is that an outline is your best friend for getting organized and ready to write . In this post, I’ll show you how to develop a compare and contrast essay outline that lets you kick writer’s block to the curb and craft a structurally sound essay about anything. Let’s start with making sure everyone’s on the same page about what makes up a compare and razors edge, contrast essay. Ready? What Is a Compare and Contrast Essay?
It’s not, however, just a simple comparison – that’d be too easy, right? It must serve a larger purpose by doing one of the following: State something unknown. Clear up a misunderstanding. Show that one thing is superior to another. Lead to a new way of doing/seeing/understanding something.
Argue a point with supported facts. Dantes Topics? Compare and Contrast Essay Outline: Point-by-Point Organization. The point-by-point comparison focuses on comparing and contrasting one aspect about both subjects at the same time. It’s typically easier for readers to follow this structure. It provides a clear, easy-to-follow structure.
To keep things simple, I’ll use a 5-paragraph essay structure to create a compare and on gattaca, contrast essay outline. The outline consists of three parts: Introduction Body Paragraphs The first difference between subjects The second difference between subjects The third difference between subjects Conclusion. Now that you have the dantes essay, basic structure down, let’s break down the components using my two favorite four-legged beasts: Molly and Morgan. Essay Best? Compare and Contrast Essay Outline: Introduction. The introduction is where you introduce your topic both in broad and dantes essay, specific terms. It’s also where make your thesis statement. The thesis statement provides the main point of thesis, or ideas within your essay. The introduction has three key elements. I’ll go through each separately.
1. Introduction to the main topic. To introduce your main topic, you ideally want to dantes essay topics start with a hook sentence and then detail the specifics of the romeo, topic itself. Comparing and contrasting Morgan and Molly, my opening lines to introduce the topic might read something like this: “Do opposites really attract? The law of attraction says they do, but is this phenomenon limited to humans? It’s definitely not, nor is it limited to romantic relationships. Dogs with drastically different personalities and habits form close attachments all the dantes inferno essay, time.” 2. Specific subjects to compare and contrast. Razors Edge Essay? Next you need to identify who or what you’re comparing and contrasting specifically under the essay, main topic and theme.
The next lines in my introduction might look something like this: “The dogs in my household, while similar in many ways simply because they’re dogs, are vastly different creatures. On Gattaca? Molly is inferno a 70-pound bully who likes to pounce, lick, and paw at for medical, canines and humans until she gets her way. Morgan, on dantes essay topics the other hand, is a 50-pound sweetheart who is doctor hessayon content with whatever is going on. Despite their differences, the inferno topics, two dogs are strongly attached to one another.” Finally, to wrap up your intro, you want to express the specific aspects you’re comparing and contrasting. This provides a clear idea of where your essay is going. My thesis statement focuses on romeo essay introduction three specific habits/characteristics of my rambunctious dogs. Inferno? It might be something like this: “Most notably, Molly and Morgan differ in how they accessorize, what their favorite toys are, and how they deal with downtime, yet the romeo, two have a strong bond as ‘sisters’ who cuddle at every opportunity.” Whew! The introduction is often the toughest part. It’s where you’ll lay out the structure of your essay. (For this reason, it’s usually a good idea to write the introduction last.) Since that’s done, we’ll move on to Part B, the body paragraphs.
Compare and Contrast Essay Outline: The Body Paragraphs. Since I’m focusing on just three aspects about Molly and Morgan, I’ll have three body paragraphs. Under the dantes, point-by-point organization for a compare and contrast essay outline, you’ll need as many paragraphs as the number of aspects you’re comparing and contrasting. Each paragraph will have a topic sentence focused on doctor hessayon the aspect you’re comparing and contrasting. Essay Topics? Each paragraph will also have two details about each subject as they relate to romeo the aspect: The topic sentence states the dantes inferno essay, main idea of the paragraph. The topic sentence of michelle robinson later princeton, my first paragraph might look like this: Aspect #1 – Topic sentence: “The first difference between Molly and Morgan is the way they accessorize; while both are budding fashionistas, each of the girls has her own personal style.” If you can ignore their cuteness (yup, I’m biased, but you have to admit they’re pretty adorable, right?), we’ll dive into the two details for each dog.
My detail sentences might look like this: Detail #1: “Molly takes the sporty approach and is perfectly content with her owner’s baseball cap firmly on her head.” Detail #2: “Her choice in headwear is indicative of the inferno essay, brute, in-your-face interactions with her sister and owners.” Detail #1: “On the razors edge essay, other hand, Morgan prefers the downhome, classic country look of a bandana.” Detail #2: “Her accessory preference speaks to her humble, attention-loving and passive demeanor.” See how easy crafting a paragraph is when you break it down? You could write paragraphs in your sleep now, right? No? Okay, let’s do the same thing for the second and third body paragraphs. Dantes Inferno Essay? Aspect #2 – Topic sentence: “Another difference between the introduction, girls is their favorite toys; even though they are both equally protective of essay topics, their favorites, their choices contradict their personalities.” Detail #1: “Molly prefers to essay cuddle up with her favorite stuffed animal (which changes over time as she eats them).” Detail #2: “She often can be found protectively cuddling the stuffed animal in her sleep and inferno essay, making sure her owners give it plenty of love, too, by pushing the drool-covered plush in their faces at any opportunity.” Detail #1: “Conversely, Morgan prefers the traditional rawhide bone.” Detail #2: “She will growl, snarl, and bare teeth to protect it from anyone (even her owners!).” Two body paragraphs down – only one to razors essay go. If you’re struggling, just take a breather. Take your time, and work through the dantes inferno topics, outline one section at a time if you need to. Rome wasn’t built in a day, and your compare and personal for medical school application, contrast essay outline doesn’t have to be either (unless you’re a procrastinator).
Now we’ll look at my third body paragraph. The final body paragraph wraps up the last aspect identified in the thesis. Mine might be constructed something like this: Aspect #3 – Topic Sentence: “The final difference between the two pups is how they deal with downtime, more specifically, their ability to just chill while ignoring (or not ignoring) distractions.” Detail #1: “Molly isn’t content unless she’s getting attention, even if that attention is simply having a warm human body next to her; she’s frequently found flopping on the couch looking pensive and dantes essay, bored out of her pay-attention-to-me-now-or-I-will-lick-your face-endlessly mind. Detail #2: “While it’s sometimes possible to catch a photo-op with her sandwiched between pillows wearing a pleading look, breaking out the doctor hessayon, camera usually produces a face-licking attack before the shot is even focused.” Detail #1: “Morgan, however, handles downtime differently. Inferno Topics? Perfectly content without constant attention, Morgan takes it as an essay on gattaca opportunity to curl up and dantes essay, catch some ZZZs.” Detail #2: “A heavy sleeper who snores and runs in thesis model her sleep while dreaming of dantes essay, chasing squirrels, Morgan is happy sleeping for hours and is undisturbed by camera flashes and clicks.” That’s it . The body paragraphs are complete. Not so bad, was it?
While I had three body paragraphs, your outline might have only two. Or it might have five. It depends on the number of points you’re comparing and contrasting. Now we’re ready to wrap things up with the conclusion. Michelle Robinson Later Princeton Thesis? Compare and dantes inferno, Contrast Essay Outline: Conclusion. The conclusion is the easiest part. Essay? You’ve already set the dantes inferno topics, stage for it with your thesis statement and body paragraphs. It’s just a matter of putting it all together while focusing on razors edge three areas: First, you want to inferno essay topics summarize your main points. It’s more than a simple summary, though.
You want to synthesize your thesis with the information in your body paragraphs. Later Obama? I might summarize with a few sentences like this: “In conclusion, these three aspects clearly show how Molly and Morgan go about their doggy lives in different ways. While Molly likes to accessorize with baseball caps, cuddle with stuffed animals, and essay topics, sit around looking bored, Morgan prefers rawhide bones, relaxing solo, and sleeping contently whenever she can.” Next, you want to evaluate what you’ve discussed or talk about obama thesis, possible future developments. Dantes Topics? This is where you show the doctor hessayon, greater purpose of your topic. Your conclusion should answer one question: What does it all mean?
As you work on this part, keep in mind that your conclusion should bring things full circle to dantes inferno essay topics your introduction. Romeo Essay Introduction? My compare and contrast essay outline requires just focusing on an evaluation. My evaluation sentences might look something like this: “In some ways, the differences parallel their personalities—Molly as a brute and Morgan as a sweetheart. The differences also show how both dogs sometimes stray from their normal behavior, notably through how they interact with their favorite toys. Taken collectively, however, their differences don’t stop the inferno, law of attraction from coming into doctor hessayon, play. Though they like a different look, like to play with different toys, and like to relax differently, they adore each other and cuddle up together at dantes essay topics, every opportunity.” Finally, you need to show the doctor hessayon, significance of the differences.
What was your end goal in showing the differences? (Hint: Refer back to your introduction and thesis statement if you’re stuck here.) I might use one sentence to show the significance, tie everything back to the intro, and create finality all in one swoop by writing something like this: “This shows that opposites really do attract—even among canines.” Download Template for Your Own Compare and dantes topics, Contrast Outline. Have your own compare and contrast essay to write? Make the process easier, and banish writer’s block by downloading this compare and contrast essay outline in MS Word or PDF format to get started. Whether you’re ready to statement model write or still flushing out your topic, using an outline keeps you on-task. Dantes Inferno Essay? It keeps you on-topic to create a logical, easy-to-follow format. Essay? Additional Help for Your Compare and Contrast Essay Outline.
Still struggling? Try reading some completed example compare and contrast essays. If that doesn’t work or you’re still feeling a bit unsure, read more about this type of essay. Finally, don’t forget about editing and dantes inferno, proofreading! Even the thesis model, best writers make mistakes or have difficulty recognizing weak points in their own writing.
If you’re aiming to put your best paw—err draft—forward, have one of our talented Kibin editors edit your essay for grammar, logic, clarity, and essay, flow. Write on, and best of luck! Psst. Doctor Hessayon? 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Crystal W. is one of essay topics, Kibin’s most seasoned editors. She’s edited over 6 million words at Kibin (and counting), and this includes her fair share of essays.
Crystal lives in michelle later princeton thesis Wisconsin with her boyfriend and two rambunctious canines. I understand it now#8230; thx! Fantastic! Thanks for reading. #128578; this helped me so much for inferno topics my english composition class; Thanks!! Yay! We#8217;re happy to help and I#8217;ll let the author know about your nice comment. Have a good one! Very helpful for those needing the basics, but this shows only point by point and not block organization. Photos are a nice touch.
You might find these posts helpful for teaching you how to write intros: The main components of edge essay, your intro will be your hook (the first sentence that grabs your readers#8217; attention), your background context (to orient the inferno essay, reader), and your thesis statement (to set the reader up for exactly what you will discuss in essay for medical school application the text). This explanation really helped me to understand the essay format a lot better, it#8217;s simple and straightforward that I don#8217;t have any issues trying to wrap my head around it. Dantes Inferno Essay? I usually take such a long time forming ideas that when it comes to the essay I#8217;m lost.
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Intelligent Analysis Of Weblog Mining. A PRELIMINARY PROJECT REPORT ON Intelligent Analysis Of Weblog Mining. In this project, we are going to investigate a new way to search the most evident co-clusters of users and the corresponding web pages in the web log dataset using frequent super-sequence mining technique. Through experiments It is important to mine the weblog dataset to find interesting and helpful information. There are three kinds of mining on weblog data which are web usage mining, web structure mining and web content mining. In our research, we are going to investigate web pages structure and find the most evident groups of users and web pages. Nowadays, big data is everywhere.
Facing huge amount of web logs, it is not always necessary to group all the users in a web log dataset into different clusters, sometimes, finding out the major dominant user groups and the corresponding web pages is more important. we find interesting results. 1.1 Project Title . . . . . . . Dantes Inferno Essay. . . . . . . . . Essay For Medical School Application. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dantes Essay. . Doctor Hessayon. . 2. 1.2 Project Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dantes Topics. . . . . . . . 2. 1.3 Internal Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Thesis Statement Model. . . . . . Dantes Topics. . . Romeo. 2. 1.4 Technical Keywords . . Dantes Inferno Essay Topics. . . . . . . . . . Later Princeton. . . . . . . . Dantes Topics. . On Gattaca. . Inferno Topics. . . . . . . 2. 1.5 Problem Statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Essay For Medical Application Best. . . . . . . . . . . . . 2. 1.6 Abstract . . . . . . Inferno Essay. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2. 1.7 Goals and Objectives . . . Doctor Hessayon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. 1.8 Relevant mathematics associated with the Project . . . . . . . . . . 3. 1.9 Review of Conference/Journal Papers supporting Project idea . . . . 4. 2 Technical Keywords 5.
2.1 Area of Project . . . . Essay Topics. . . . . . Doctor Hessayon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. 2.2 Technical Keywords . . . . . . . . . . . . . Essay. . Essay On Gattaca. . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. 3 Introduction 8. 3.1 Project Idea . . . Inferno Essay Topics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9. 3.2 Literature Survey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9. 4 Problem Definition and scope 12. 4.1 Problem Statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Essay Introduction. . . Inferno Essay Topics. . . . . . . . . . . 13. 4.1.1 Goals and objectives . . . . . . . . . . . Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . 13. 4.2 Software context . . Inferno Topics. . . . . . . . . . . Doctor Hessayon. . Inferno Essay Topics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Essay Application. 13.
4.3 Major Constraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13. 4.4 Methodologies of Problem solving and efficiency issues . . . . . . . 13. 4.5 Outcome . . . . . . . . . . Essay Topics. . . . . . . . . Essay. . . . . . . . Topics. . . . . . . . Michelle Lavaughn Robinson Obama Senior Thesis. 13. 4.6 Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Topics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14. 4.7 Hardware Resources Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14. 4.8 Software Resources Required . . Lavaughn Obama Senior Thesis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14. 5 Project Plan 15. 5.1 Project Estimates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16. 5.1.1 Reconciled Estimates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16. 5.1.2 Project Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.
5.2 Risk Management w.r.t. NP Hard analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18. 5.2.1 Risk Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18. 5.2.2 Risk Analysis . Dantes Inferno Essay. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Edge. . . . . . . . . . . . Inferno Essay. 18. 5.2.3 Overview of Risk Mitigation, Monitoring, Management . . 19. 5.3 Project Schedule . . Doctor Hessayon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20. 5.3.1 Project task set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dantes Essay. . Robinson Obama Princeton Senior Thesis. . . 20. 5.3.2 Task network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21. 5.4 Project Estimates . . . . . . . . Essay Topics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21. 5.4.1 Timeline Chart . . . Doctor Hessayon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inferno Essay. . . . . . . 21.
5.5 Team Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Essay On Gattaca. . Dantes Essay. . . . . . . On Gattaca. . . . . . 22. 5.5.1 Team structure . Dantes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Essay For Medical School Application. . . . . . . Topics. . . . 22. 5.5.2 Management reporting and communication . . . . . . . . . 22. 6 Software requirement specification (SRS is to be prepared using relevant. mathematics derived and software engg. Indicators in Annex A and B) 23. 6.1 Introduction . . . . . Lavaughn Robinson Later Obama Thesis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inferno Topics. . . Statement. . . . . . 24. 6.1.1 Purpose and Scope of Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24.
6.1.2 Overview of responsibilities of Developer . . . . . . . . . . 24. 6.2 Usage Scenario . Dantes Inferno Essay Topics. . . . . . Doctor Hessayon. . . . Dantes. . . . . . Razors Edge. . . . . . . . . Dantes Topics. . . . . . . 24. 6.2.1 User profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25. 6.2.2 Use-cases . . . Doctor Hessayon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dantes Inferno. . . . . . . Obama Princeton. . 25. 6.2.3 Use Case View . . . . Dantes Essay. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26. 6.3 Data Model and Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26. AISSMS IOIT, Department of Computer Engineering 2015 IV. 6.3.1 Data Description 26. 6.3.2 Data Flow Diagram 27.
6.3.3 Activity Diagram 28. 6.3.4 Non Functional Requirements: 29. 6.3.5 Software Interface Description 30. 7 Detailed Design Document using Appendix A and B 31. 7.1 Introduction 32. 7.2 Architectural Design 32. 7.2.1 Internal software data structure 32.
7.2.2 Global data structure 33. 7.2.3 Temporary data structure 33. 7.2.4 Database description 33. 7.3 Compoent Design 33. 7.3.1 Deployment Diagram 34. 7.3.2 Class Diagram 35. 8 Summary and Conclusion 36. Annexure A Laboratory assignments on Project Analysis of Algorithmic. A.1 Canvas Diagram 39. A.2 Problem Description: 40. Annexure B Laboratory assignments on Project Quality and Reliability.
Testing of Project Design 41. 9 Project Planner 43. AISSMS IOIT, Department of Computer Engineering 2015 V. List of Figures. 5.1 Waterfall Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . Romeo Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16. 5.2 Task Network . . Dantes Inferno Topics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21. 5.3 Timeline Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Best. . . Dantes Topics. . . . Michelle Lavaughn Obama Princeton Thesis. . . . . . . 21. 6.1 Use case diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Topics. . . . . . . Personal Essay Best. . 26. 6.2 Data Flow Level-0 . . . . . . . . . . . Inferno Topics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27. 6.3 Data Flow Level-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Doctor Hessayon. . . . . . . . . . Inferno. . . 27.
6.4 Data Flow Level-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28. 6.5 Activity diagram . . Razors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29. 7.1 Architecture diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inferno Essay. . . Razors Edge Essay. . 32. 7.2 Deployment Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34. 7.3 Class Diagram . . . . . . Inferno Essay. . . . Doctor Hessayon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35. A.1 Canvas Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39. A.2 Idea Matrix . . Topics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40. A.3 Problem Description . . Essay On Gattaca. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40.
B.1 Blackbox Testing . . . . . Essay Topics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42. 4.1 Hardware Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14. 5.1 Risk Table . . . . . Essay. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18. 5.2 Risk Probability definitions [?] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inferno. . Edge. . . . 19. 5.3 Risk Impact definitions [?] . . . Dantes. . Doctor Hessayon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19. 6.1 Use Cases . . . Topics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Romeo Essay. . . . . . . . . . . . 25. A.1 IDEA Matrix . . Inferno. . . Essay. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39. 1.1 PROJECT TITLE. Intelligent Analysis of Web Log Mining. 1.2 PROJECT OPTION. 1.3 INTERNAL GUIDE.
Prof. Mrs. S.N.Zaware. 1.4 TECHNICAL KEYWORDS. Super-sequence mining, Pattern mining,Web log dataset, Co-Clustering,Recommendation,Pattern oriented partial clustering. 1.5 PROBLEM STATEMENT. The problem is to find the most evident groups of users and the corresponding web pages simultaneously which is to group the sequences and features into partial clusters simultaneously. Given a database D = s1, s2, …, sk of data sequences, and a set P = p1, p2, …, pm of frequent patterns in D, the problem is to divide P into a set of n clusters c1, c2, , cn. In this project, we are going to investigate a new way to search the most evident co-clusters of users and the corresponding web pages in the web log dataset using frequent super-sequence mining technique.In our project we are going to do mining on the Weblog and co-cluster the log so as to get a good recommendation and report generation for business analysis.
In our project we are creating a web site and from that we are capturing live weblog , using this web logs we are doing co-clustering on the basis of similarity between objects. Through this project it is important to mine the weblog dataset to nd interesting and dantes essay topics, helpful information. There are three kinds of mining on weblog data which are web usage mining, web structure mining and web content mining. In our research,we are going to investigate web pages structure and find the most evident groups of users and doctor hessayon, web pages. Nowadays, big data is everywhere. Facing huge amount of web logs, it is not always necessary to group all the users in a web log dataset into different clusters, sometimes, finding out the major dominant user groups and the corresponding web pages is more important. we find interesting. 1.7 GOALS AND OBJECTIVES. ”’ The main objective of Web log mining is to extract interesting patterns from the Web access to records. Assist users or site owners in finding something. 1.8 RELEVANT MATHEMATICS ASSOCIATED WITH THE PROJECT. ”’ Data Structures: Schema, divide and conquer strategies to exploit parallel processing,constraints.
”’ Success Conditions: Clustering of the data. ”’ Failure Conditions: Data size is dantes essay, too large to manage. 1.9 REVIEW OF CONFERENCE/JOURNAL PAPERS SUPPORTING PROJECT IDEA. 1. Weblog Mining, Privacy Issues and Application of Web Log Mining 2. Analysis Of Web Logs And Web User In Web Mining(2011)
3. An implementation of Web Log Mining(2014) 4. Frequent Pattern Mining in Web Log Data(2006) 5. Multi-Way Distributional Clustering via Pairwise Interactions 6. Unifying Dependent Clustering and Disparate Clustering for Non-homogeneous. 2.1 AREA OF PROJECT. Web Mining,Data Mining. 2.2 TECHNICAL KEYWORDS. Super-sequence mining, Pattern mining,Web log dataset, Co-Clustering,Recommendation,Pattern oriented partial clustering.
1. C. Computer Systems Organization. (a) C.2 COMPUTER-COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. i. C.2.4 Distributed Systems. A. Client/server ii. C.2.5 Local and Wide-Area Networks. A. Ethernet (e.g., CSMA/CD) B. Internet (e.g., TCP/IP) (b) C.4 PERFORMANCE OF SYSTEMS. i. Fault tolerance ii. Reliability, availability, and serviceability.
(c) C.5 COMPUTER SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION. i. C.5.3 Computers. A. Personal computers. B. Portable devices (e.g., laptops, personal digital assistants) ii. C.5.5 Servers. (a) D.1 PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES. i. D.1.5 Object-oriented Programming. (b) D.2 SOFTWARE ENGINEERING (K.6.3) i. D.2.1 Requirements/Specifications (D.3.1) AISSMS IOIT, Department of Computer Engineering 2015 6. A. Methodologies (e.g., object-oriented, structured) B. Tools ii.
D.2.5 Testing and Debugging. A. Testing tools (e.g., data generators, coverage testing) (c) D.4 OPERATING SYSTEMS. i. D.4.6 Security and Protection. (a) E.1 DATA STRUCTURES. 4. H. Information Systems. (a) H.2 DATABASE MANAGEMENT.
A. Security, integrity, and protection ii. H.2.3 Languages. A. Data description languages (DDL) B. Data manipulation languages (DML) C. Query languages. 3.1 PROJECT IDEA. ”’ The problem of web log mining consists in automated analyzing of web access logs in order to obama princeton, discover trends and inferno essay topics, regularities (patterns) in users”’ behavior. Doctor Hessayon. The discovered patterns are usually used for improvement of web site organization and presentation. The term of adaptive web sites has been proposed to denote such automatically transformed web sites . ”’ One of the most interesting web log mining methods is web users clustering . Essay. The problem of web users clustering (or segmentation) is to use web access log files to partition a set of users into clusters such that the users within a cluster are more similar to each other than users from different clusters.
The discovered clusters can then help in on-the-fly transformation of the web site content. In particular, web pages can be automatically linked by artificial hyperlinks. The idea is to try to match an active user”’s access pattern with one or more of the clusters discovered from the web log files. Pages in the matched clusters that have not been explored by the user may serve as navigational hints for the user to follow. 3.2 LITERATURE SURVEY. Weblog Mining, Privacy Issues and on gattaca, Application of Web Log Mining Authors:Amarjeet Singh Yumnam, Y. Essay Topics. Chaitanya Sreeram, Shaik Abdul Naeem. In this paper a detailed overview of weblog mining is explained . It shows how data set can be prepared using web content , structure and usage mining. Then it gives clear explanation of data preprocessing starting from removal of ads ,images , failed http status code ,etc.After cleaning it performs collection of web object containing urls ,session user ,duration ,etc. Then for missed records due to proxy server and caching problem three approaches are suggested . Once data is captured and stored , it is formatted .Finally patterns are found based on web user using web which are analyzed maintaining privacy and mining is done for recommendation.
Analysis Of Web Logs And Web User In Web Mining(2011) Authors:L.K.Joshila Grace, V. Maheshwari, Dhinaharan Nagamalai. This paper gives an idea about contents log files and where the log files actually resides. Also provide the information about the status code server send to its user/client. Paper provide an overview of web mining and best, web usage mining.
By using log file how we can perform the web usage mining. What are the steps present in the web usage mining. It gives the idea of creating the extended log file and find out the user. An implementation of Web Log Mining(2014) Authors:Bhaiyalal Birla and Sachin Patel. Pattern mining algorithm for evaluation and dantes inferno essay, implementation of frequent Pattern analysis from the web data using Apriori algorithm and for improve performance we proposed a new modified Apriori algorithm. Essay Introduction. The comparison of memory and time usage is compared between apriori and modified apriori algorithm.
Frequent Pattern Mining in Web Log Data(2006) Author:Renata Ivancsy and Istvan Vajk. Frequent pattern analysis for Discovery of hidden information from web log data. Obtain the navigational behavior of the user. We deal with the problem of discovering of hidden information from large amount of web log data collected by a server. Multi-Way Distributional Clustering via Pairwise Interactions Author:Ron Bekkerman, Ran El-Yaniv, Andrew McCallum.
In this paper tell about multiway clustering based on two components first is extension of information i.e pairwise interaction and second is clustering algorithm ,which can be viewed as schedule mixture among serval clustering direction. clustering provide in the both the way top-down and bottom-up. Topics. This is efficient approach over two-way clustering as it provide simultaneous interaction clustering. As it provide multi-dimensional ,multivariate , distributional clustering. Unifying Dependent Clustering and Disparate Clustering for doctor hessayon, Non-homogeneous. Author: M. Shahriar Hossain, Satish Tadepalli, Layne . Watson, Ian Davidson, Richard F. Helm, Naren Ramakrishnan.
In this paper clustering is perform on some non-homogeneous it uses two types of clustering 1.Dependent clustering and 2. Disparate clustering. This two types of clustering achieve using some optimization framework .It work on both synthetic as well as real world data It uses boolean criteria that that allow constraints to be satisfied or violated in a smooth manner. Multivariate is bottleneck. Crime Analysis using K-Means Clustering Author:Jyoti Agarwal , Renuka Nagpal , Rajni Sehgal. In this paper the authors have performed crime analysis using K-means which is partitioning observations into k clusters. Each cluster has observations that are more similar than those in other clusters using nearest mean .Its disadvantages are it is applicable only when mean is defined and it requires to specify number of clusters in advance. Also it is dantes topics, not suitable to handle noisy data and cannot discover clusters with non-convex shape. PROBLEM DEFINITION AND SCOPE.
4.1 PROBLEM STATEMENT. The problem is to find the most evident groups of users and the corresponding web pages simultaneously which is to group the sequences and features into partial clusters simultaneously. Given a database D = s1, s2, …, sk of data sequences, and a set P = p1, p2, …, pm of frequent patterns in D, the problem is to divide P into a set of n clusters c1, c2, , cn. 4.1.1 Goals and objectives. Goal and Objectives: ”’ The main objective of Web log mining is to extract interesting patterns from the Web access to records.Assist users or site owners in finding something. 4.2 SOFTWARE CONTEXT.
”’ The application useful in essay, business Analysis and recommendation purpose. 4.3 MAJOR CONSTRAINTS. 4.4 METHODOLOGIES OF PROBLEM SOLVING AND EFFICIENCY IS- Greedy approach, Divide and Conquer approach, etc. ”’ On the bases of clustering analysis, recommendation provide. 4.7 HARDWARE RESOURCES REQUIRED. Parameter Min Requirement Justification. Server CPU Speed 10 GHz Large number of runtime request to be processed. Server RAM 128 GB Large database of user information.
I/O Operations/day 850K Increases capability to handle large no. of operation. Client CPU Speed 1.8 GHz For normal processing. Client CPU RAM 2 GB For normal processing. Table 4.1: Hardware Requirements. 4.8 SOFTWARE RESOURCES REQUIRED. 1. Operating System: Windows7,8. 2. Essay. Front End : JAVA. 3. IDE: Netbeans 8.0. 4. Back End : My SQL. Requirement Total Cost. Hardware-processor i3 , i5 Rs.15,000.
Travel cost for meeting purposes Rs.1000. Others(library use) Rs.1000. 5.1 PROJECT ESTIMATES. 5.1.1 Reconciled Estimates. 22.214.171.124 Cost Estimate. Hardware And Software Purchases: Function Estimated LOC. User Interfaces and Control Facilities(UICF) 2,300.
Database Management(DBM) 3,435. Computer Graphics Display Facilities(CGDF) 4,955. Peripheral Control Function(PCF) 2,152. Design Analysis Modules(DAM) 4,355. Estimated Lines Of Code 17197. 126.96.36.199 Time Estimates. A schedule estimation rule of thumb [McConnell 1996] 1. Estimate coding and unit testing for each use case.For a series of use cases that contains four web pages, two interfaces, five database tables and no data conversions, the estimate are: (4 x 1.5) + (2 x 3) + (5 x 1) + (0 x 1) = 17 man-weeks or 680 hours. 2. Multiply the above result from 2.5 so we account for analysis and testing of each use case.
So doing the math, we would now have 1700 hours as a project. 3. Adding 20 percent to the for each additional developer more than one. The base estimate assumes only razors essay, one developer. By adding more developers, there is an inherent overhead for communication and coordination between team members. Dantes Topics. Thus we have 4 developers so we need to inflate the estimate by 60 percent (three additional developers).
Multiply the base estimate by 60 percent and add that number to the base estimate like this: 0.6 x 1700 = 1020 hours. 1020+ 1700 = 2720 total hours. 5.1.2 Project Resources. Project resources 4 peoples, Hardware-i3 processor(minimum hardware requirements), IDE , Database and Concurrency.
5.2 RISK MANAGEMENT W.R.T. NP HARD ANALYSIS. 5.2.1 Risk Identification. Dataset is too large it will not manage all the data efficiently. WebDataset is prerequirement for statement, this project.Server failure can cause serious damage as the website will not be accessed.Due to dantes essay topics, malfunctioning such as hanging of server can cause weblogs to be generated with wrong data .The customer managers are committed to edge essay, the project fully as the project can improve their business and there by customer satis- Though requirements are fully understood by the software engineering team, changes from customers may require changes in resources which may increase cost and time.Subsequently,though customers are involved fully in definition of dantes inferno essay, requirements ,there is great chance that during implementation their requirements are covered but methodology may change. Software engineering team has right mix of skills.Changes in implementation tools may require to acquire the knowledge of new tools. Projects requirements are initially stable but suggestions made by the customers can change requirements.The number of members on project team are adequate to do the job but if the time estimates changes then more members can be required.All customers and end-users agree on the importance of project as long as the project benefits them. 5.2.2 Risk Analysis.
The risks for the Project can be analyzed within the constraints of time and quality. ID Risk Description Probability Impact. Schedule Quality Overall. 1 Description 1 Low Low High High. 2 Description 2 Low Low High High. Table 5.1: Risk Table. Probability Value Description. High Probability of occurrence is 75% Medium Probability of occurrence is 26”’75%
Low Probability of occurrence is personal, 10% Schedule impact or Unacceptable quality. High 5”’10% Schedule impact or Some parts of the project have low quality. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Computer Science essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on inferno essay hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question.
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