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a photo essay We#8217;ve visited Arizona several times over the past couple of yearsthree of those times happened to thesis be within the essay, last year while working on bibical healing, a video project. During our visits, we have had some amazing adventures throughout the state, and some of bibical our favorites were hiking through the Red Rocks in Sedona, hot air ballooning, rock climbing, going for a bumpy jeep ride on the cliff hanger hummer tour, kayaking the healing, Black Canyon along the border of Arizona and Nevada, soaking up history at Montezuma Castle National Monument, exploring beautiful landscapes at essays on job hunting the Grand Canyon and Tonto Natural Bridge, kayaking and bibical SUP on Lake Powell, admiring art at the Desert Botanical Garden, and touring Colossal Cave in Tucson. We road tripped through almost the entire state and mba essay conclusion hit up cities such as Flagstaff, Sedona, Page, Tucson, Pinetop, Scottsdale and Phoenix to name a few. Antelope Canyon was also on our itinerary, and while we were not quite sure what to think of the tour, the canyon was undeniably gorgeous. The old western towns were also fun to explorewe had a great time pretending to be from the Wild Wild West. One of the aspects about Arizona that always seems to healing surprise me no matter how many times we visit, is the extremely diverse landscape. From forests, to deserts, to mountains, canyons and lakes, the mba essay conclusion, scenery is thesis bibical constantly changing. The majority of our visits have been during the bibical healing, winter months, which was perfect weather for bibical us Minnesotans; however, when we visited in the summer, we just about bibical healing keeled over from the scorching heat! With that, here are our favorite photos from bibical healing, our visits to the great state of Arizona: Have you ever been to Arizona? What would you like to do most there? First time I went to Arizona was yeaaaars ago as a leader to a summer camp.

We#8217;ve gone through so many of help egypt pyramids those places at such a rapid pace that I only want to go back and thesis bibical healing enjoy it all at a more leasurely one. University Papers""? Antelope Canyon, I#8217;ve never been to and can only gape at thesis your beautiful pictures; kayaking in the middle of it all must provide an awesome feel to it too#8230; Those landscapes! Sedona#8230; Oh well, as usual, I need to plan a flight back to the US soon enough! #128521; Happy wandering, guys! Hope you can go back again and spend a bit more time there! And yes, you definitely need to plan a trip back to the US soon!! #128578; Antelope Canyon was definitely gorgeousthe tour was a bit frustrating, but we loved visiting the canyonmore on the tour in the next post, though! I#8217;m so glad to see the edge essay, diversity of Arizona highlighted. It#8217;s so much more than the Grand Canyon!

Great pictures and what incredible adventures you#8217;ve had. I need to return. So trueit is so much more than the Grand Canyon! Thankshope you can return sometime! Awesome images! I can#8217;t wait to visit Antelope Canyon someday! Was that Chiuly glass amongst the cacti?

So cool! Thanks! Yes, it was Chihuly! Was a special exhibit going on healing, at the Desert Botanical Gardenreally fun to bibical healing check out! I#8217;ve seen some of healing these gorgeous places in Arizona, but I never went up in the air with a Balon.

That looks a little scary, but I see people are crazy about essays college it. Bibical Healing? Did you feel sick up there? It was surprising how smooth the air balloon feltwe didn#8217;t even realize we were up in the air right away! No, thankfully we didn#8217;t feel sickeveryone in our balloon enjoyed it. It was a fun ride! Very beautiful photos! Would love to visit Arisona. These beautiful photos give such a multi-faceted perspective! And that#8217;s wonderful because I think there#8217;s a tendency for people to think of Arizona in terms of only the one thing they associate: the Grand Canyon, Antelope Canyon, Spanish missions, cliff dwellers, etc.

There#8217;s obviously far more and thesis it looks like you made the most of healing your visits. I agreeit#8217;s easy for the other areas of the state to get overshadowed by admission essays the big attractions. Bibical Healing? There really is so much to offer throughout the state! We were glad to explore a big range of activitiessuch a great state! Stunning photography! Arizona is mba essay conclusion officially on my travel wish list. I especially enjoy the bibical, outdoors, and your photos have me wanting to homework egypt plan a visit soon than later. Bibical Healing? Thanks for all the university term, adventure recommendations, hiking through the Red Rocks in Sedona and kayaking the Black Canyon would top my list!

Thank you! There are so many great adventures in Arizonahope you get to visit soon! Ahh, I feel like I#8217;m there! What evocative photos. Bibical Healing? That hot air balloon ride is really something I#8217;d like to do. Thesis Bibical? I#8217;ve only been to Arizona once when I was very young, so the memories are hazy, but I remember the bibical, hot, dry air in university term my throat quite well. Thanks so much! The hot air balloon was amazinghope you get to go sometime! The hot, dry air is really something, isn#8217;t it?!

I would love to know more about the Antelope Valley tour I haven#8217;t been to bibical healing AZ yet and was thinking about doing it! Your photos are gorgeous. How did you manage to get that swirling effect in the last one? It#8217;s amazing!! Thanks, Francesca! Antelope Canyon was gorgeouswe would recommend the photography tour if you are up for the splurge thoughit#8217;s so much less crowded and university term papers"" you#8217;ll have much more space! Thanksthe last photo was a long exposure so that#8217;s how we got the swirling effect! Love the photos especially the thesis, ones from Antelope Canyon.

How did you find the SUP? I tried it in Hawaii and it was a lot harder than I expected. The balloon ride also looks like a fantastic experience. We really enjoyed SUP, we had very calm water though so it wasn#8217;t too difficult, but it was harder than I expected tooI can see it being a lot harder in the ocean with waves and everything! Incredible photos! I had no idea Arizona had so many beautiful places.

I#8217;ve only essays on job hunting been just outside of bibical Phoenix and that was to visit family so we didn#8217;t sight see much. Obviously I#8217;ll have to make an effort to get back there and explore much more. Thank you! Hope you can explore more on your next visitwe were amazed with all the wonderful diversity throughout the state! Stunning gorgeous landscape in Arizona! The state certainly provides the unexpected such as a British-style phonebooth. It really does provide some unique scenesArizona is certainly gorgeous!

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Ghosts By Ibsen Essays and Research Papers. of his or her destiny follows through. Henrik Ibsen believes in bibical, this theory; he believes that a person’s life is predetermined and that person . cannot do anything to conclusion change his or her fate. People “can’t get rid” of their already determined destinies (74). Whether it is a character’s prearranged life or just a simple situation, Ibsen incorporates destiny into thesis bibical one of his most memorable plays.

In Ghosts , Ibsen proves his theme of inescapable fate. Ibsen utilizes symbolism throughout the play to demonstrate. Destiny , Drama , Edmund Gosse 1435 Words | 4 Pages. reference to primary “ ghosts ,” Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen portrays a view on bibical healing, the rewards of duty that clashes sharply with the edge, . accepted views of the time. In his native country of Norway, and thesis healing, indeed all around the world in the year 1881, ‘duty’ was seen as a powerful motivator in both religion and society. The abstract concept of duty was what constrained society into ‘acceptable’ boundaries, and essays on job hunting, people without a sense of duty were often shunned and rejected by thesis bibical healing, their fellow citizens. Henrik Ibsen was well-known. A Doll's House , Henrik Ibsen , Marriage 1172 Words | 3 Pages. GHOSTS 1882 Henrik Ibsen HENRIK IBSEN Henrik Johan Ibsen (20 March 1828 – 23 May 1906) was a . Norwegian playwright, theatre director, and poet. Essays Hunting! He is often referred to as the father of realism and is one of the founders of Modernism in theatre. He is the most frequently performed dramatist in the world after Shakespeare.

SET TING ?All of the action we see happens in the same place. It's a big garden-room with three doors leading upstairs, to the kitchen, and to the garden. Furniture-wise. A Doll's House , Family , Ghosts 666 Words | 12 Pages. No individual has the perfect life and while some people have long given up trying to lead the perfect life, others such as Regina Engstrom and Helen Alving . in healing, Ghosts by Henrik Ibsen , stay in pursuit of the perfect life and have their own individual visions of what they believe to be the ideal life based on university term, their personal experiences and desires. Helen Alving uses the return of her son as well as worldly, unconventional forms of literature in order to form beliefs of what she views to be the perfect. Bourgeoisie , Middle class , Social class 2551 Words | 6 Pages. ? GHOST Outline Our lives are build out of experiences. Depending on where we live, what we are going through, or our state of mind, we build . our personal lives by making some concessions and adjustments in order to thesis healing cope with others. In the play GHOST by Henrik Ibsen , Mrs. University Papers""! Alving and Pastor Manders are two characters whose stories differ because of secrets, misunderstandings, and masquerade.

I. Mrs. Alving's life is full of unbelievable secrets. A. She is the widow of Captain Alving. B. . George Bernard Shaw , Henrik Ibsen , Human sexual behavior 2106 Words | 9 Pages. Ibsen's views on the concept of bibical healing Ghosts and inheritance. Ghosts by edge essay, Henrik Ibsen. Utilizing one of the main characters of the play, Mrs. Alving, Ibsen communicates his own ideas of thesis bibical inheritance and the impact of the past. . Ibsen successfully generates a protagonistic view of Mrs. Alving for the audience; therefore the views of razors essay this character reflect the actual views of Ibsen . This concept of Ghosts is the theme that is at thesis healing the core of the play, and is possibly one of the reasons why Ibsen generated this piece of admission work. Mrs. Alving's character demonstrates a firm view of inheritance.

Ghost , Haunted house , Henrik Ibsen 881 Words | 3 Pages. Comparative Essay on A doll'd house and Ghost by Ibsen. example, in A Doll’s House, Torvald calls Nora his “sweet little spendthrift” because she always ask for money to spend on housekeeping. On the other hand, . in Ghosts , when Mrs. Alving ran away once from her husband, to Pastor Manders, he made her return and endure with her husband’s dissipation. Both of Ibsen’s plays, A Doll’s House and Ghosts show how both of the main characters were repressed by the unequal expectations of the Victorian society as shown through their marital relationships, the upbringing. A Doll's House , Henrik Ibsen , Norway 895 Words | 3 Pages. to have been created: to remain complacent, readily accept any chore and healing, complete it “gracefully” ( Ibsen 213). Razors Essay! Contrarily, men were the . Thesis Bibical! absolute monarchs over healing their respective homes and all that dwelled within.

In Henrik Ibsen’s play, A Doll’s House, Nora is subjected to bibical moral degradation through her familial role, the thesis bibical, consistent patronization of her husband and her own assumed subordinance. Thesis! Ibsen belittles the role of the primary homework, housewife through means of stage direction, diminutive pet names and thesis bibical healing, through. Gender role , Henrik Ibsen , James Joyce 1516 Words | 4 Pages. Why do people believe in ghosts ? According to the Skeptics Dictionary, “a ghost is an bibical, alleged disembodied spirit of thesis bibical a dead . person. Admission! Ghosts are often depicted as inhabiting haunted houses, especially houses where murders have occurred. As per a popular belief, ghosts are the souls of those who have passed away. They stay on earth, unable to make it to the higher realms, because of some unfinished jobs on earth.

In case you haven’t observed, ghosts usually appear either in graveyards or in places. Afterlife , Death , Existence 662 Words | 3 Pages. Literature – Henrik Ibsen Abstract: In this essay, Ibsen’s plays, The Wild Duck, and bibical healing, Ghosts are considered in relation to . themes of illusions and realities. In both plays, families are held together by illusions, yet torn apart by truths that have been concealed to protect the razors, children. Ibsen’s use of artistic realism is an ironic art form where illusions and realisms are contradicted to reveal the deeper conflicts of healing ordinary lives.

Ibsen presents the papers"", complicated realities of thesis bibical healing ordinary lives. Family , Henrik Ibsen , Norway 940 Words | 3 Pages. Draft March 14, 2012 Ibsen’s Moralist Approach Henrik Ibsen is often referred to as the “father of modern drama” because he played an . important role in the birth of Modernism theatre (Moi 17). His plays were considered scandalous because he refused to shy away from controversial topics that brought political discussion into edge the public domain. Ibsen wrote An Enemy of the People in 1882 as a response to the criticism he endured when his play Ghosts , written in thesis healing, 1881, was first performed. The characters.

A Doll's House , Ethics , Henrik Ibsen 1908 Words | 6 Pages. great example of this is displayed in Henrik Ibsen's Ghost . Ibsen challenges the mba essay, beliefs of his time by thesis healing, publicizing incest, . women's equality, adultery, sexually transmitted diseases, children born of wedlock and the covering up of scandals. Through Ibsen's play, he raises these ideas to spark public inquiry into what was really taking place in their society. Although women were of a lower social class to men, they are portrayed in Ghost as equal, if not superior, to them. Given the following. A Doll's House , Egalitarianism , Henrik Ibsen 713 Words | 3 Pages. In the plays Ghosts , An Enemy of the People, and Wild ducks by conclusion, Henrik Ibsen there are many similar themes, which become evident . to the reader. A theme, which is consistent though out thesis bibical these plays, is the opposing values of the Ideal and the Real.

The views of the idealist versus the realists make for many duels between the two personalities. The theme of idealism versus realism is also dealt with in mba essay conclusion, the play The Wild Duck. Gregers Werle has avoided his father, whom he detests, by spending fifteen. Duck , Henrik Ibsen , Ideal 2082 Words | 5 Pages. Critical Analysis of Ibsen #8217;s Hedda Gabler A spider becomes caught in it#8217;s own web. This is an example of an bibical, attempted . manipulation that went awry.

Hedda Gabler, by Henrik Ibsen , is term papers"", a work about a woman who manipulates the fates of thesis bibical others in primary egypt pyramids, order to fulfill her own desires. The title character is a woman who has recently returned from a six month #8220;honeymoon#8221; with her groom, Tesman, a man whom she does not love. She yearns for freedom, but she feels as if she cannot. Hedda Gabler , Henrik Ibsen , Human 977 Words | 3 Pages. Parallels between Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House and Ghosts Ibsen’s A Doll’s House and Ghosts Rebekah Bak Henrik Ibsen wrote a variety of thesis controversial literature with many . recurring themes appearing throughout each of them. Through his trite yet thought-provoking writing style, Ibsen presents many issues which are still discussed today. One of these controversial themes consistently appears in both A Doll’s House and Ghosts . Ibsen shows the sins of parents being passed on to their children. Primarily, in A Doll’s House, Ibsen shows the mba essay, sins of parents. A Doll's House , Henrik Ibsen , James Joyce 2402 Words | 8 Pages. How Does Ibsen Present the Character of healing Pastor Manders in the Play, Ghosts?

Ibsen presents Pastor Manders throughout the play as a preacher, a priest who tries to lecture the admission, other characters and invite them to religion . and morality. Manders is shown as a wise man try to guide this family as the father has been a womanizer and bibical healing, has been recently dead. Mba Essay! Therefore, out of despair, the mother of the family, Mrs Alving tries to seek advice from Manders. In fact Ibsen dramatizes Mander as a religious, close-minded, mysterious preacher who clings to dogmatic beliefs and social standards. Belief , Boy , Faith 926 Words | 3 Pages. words of the great Norwegian playwright, Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906), reverberate across the centuries, exclaiming words of poetry and prose, . passion and purpose. Henrik Ibsen has written many influential plays that have forever changed western society, dramatic literature, and theatre performance. Henrik Ibsen’s notable female characters continue to illuminate the bibical, role of the woman in bibical healing, performance. With the creation of these characters and situations, Ibsen fashions a new style of realistic playwriting. A Doll's House , Fiction , Hedda Gabler 11847 Words | 31 Pages. Whether Isben is thesis healing, a realist or not, small souls are his dramatist personae, and his plays are dramas with an unhappy ending.

The end of primary help egypt Ghosts . leaves us with a sense of shuddering horror and cold anger towards a society where such things can be, and those are not tragic feelings. Thesis Bibical! Although Hamilton is an exceptionally talented historical researcher, it seems as though Ghosts is indeed a tragedy, even though she assumes otherwise. University! Even when the play was written, people discussed what type of play it actually. Drama , Fear , Henrik Ibsen 1597 Words | 4 Pages. If you believe in bibical, ghosts , you're not alone: A 2005 Gallup poll found that 37 percent of Americans believe in haunted houses, and about . one-third believe in ghosts . Tens of thousands of people around the university, world actively search for ghosts as a hobby. Researcher Sharon Hill of the bibical healing, Doubtful Newsblog counted about 2,000 active amateur ghost -hunting groups in America. Ghosts have been a popular subject for millennia, appearing in countless stories, from Macbeth to the Bible, and even spawning their own. Ghost , Ghost Hunters , Ghost hunting 1279 Words | 4 Pages.

A Ghost by the Gates: A Look at the Role of the bibical healing, Ghost in Hamlet, Prince of Denmark In the thesis healing, play Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, by . William Shakespeare, the help egypt, Ghost that appears performs an important role. Because the bibical healing, Ghost is a supernatural being, its utility is admission, very flexible, and as such is thesis bibical healing, a perfect way for thesis healing Shakespeare to use him in bibical, multiple ways. The fact that the on job hunting, Ghost can do peculiar things such as ignore characters and healing, only be seen by mba essay conclusion, certain characters means that the audience will not question. Audience , Ghost , Hamlet 1130 Words | 3 Pages. Lost World (The Ghost Frog) Brandon L Smith Southern New Hampshire University The Heleophryne amphibian, is also known as . the “Hewitt ghost frogs” in the family of thesis bibical Heleophrynidae. It’s composed of only 6 species, they are describe as the most basic and pyramids, old parts of the “Neobatrachia”, which is from the family of toads and frogs of today. Healing! A different part is the “Anura” these frogs and toads contain the more newly evolved frogs and toads family genetics. Hewitt’s ghost frogs are limited.

Amphibian , Eastern Cape , Frog 1309 Words | 4 Pages. The Issues of edge Class and Gender in the play of thesis bibical Ghosts. topic question: Discuss some of the ways in which plays challenge boundaries of race/ethnicity, class, and/or gender. Term! In your answer make detailed reference . to one or move plays you have studied. Ghosts , by Henrik Ibsen , is a realist drama written in 19th century Norway. The social context of bibical healing this time meant his play was seen as a radial piece and theaters often refused to essays play it, afraid of backlash from the conservative Lutheran community. This is due to bibical the boundaries of class and gender which.

18th century , Audience , Audience theory 2621 Words | 7 Pages. Is the ghost in Hamlet really a devil? Uploaded by xsparklyvix (1188) on primary, Sep 5, 2005 ‘The ghost that I have seen may . be a devil’, Can we be sure about the ghost in Hamlet? What are your conclusions on this matter. William Shakespeare’s Hamlet is thesis bibical, a drama, which has been renowned for its content and depiction of characters. Over the years, it has gone through many variations of interpretations and razors edge, criticisms. One such criticism is the nature of the ghost who takes the form of Hamlet’s. Ghost , God , Hell 1225 Words | 3 Pages. Characteristics Of Effective Ghost Stories The ghost story genre is one that is thesis bibical, very complex. Each ghost story . can be told in a different way and still be effective. A ghost is university term papers"", a supernatural force.

Supernatural themes are often associated with paranormal and occult ideas. Supernatural comes from the thesis, Latin word “supra” and means the above nature, anything above or beyond what holds to be natural and exists outside natural law and the observable neighborhood. Jamesian and Freud both developed. Character , Fiction , Ghost 1695 Words | 4 Pages. Role Of The Ghost Of The Hamlet The ghost in the play Hamlet has great dramatic significance . The play . opens and pyramids, Hamlet , the prince of Denmark is shown in mourning.

He is healing, wearing black clothes and the sad look on his face bears an evidence of university term grief he is feeling at the death of thesis his father. His uncle Cladius succeeded his father. Soon after, Hamlet’s mother (Queen Gertrude) married Claudius. Hamlet hated Claudius because he (Claudius). Characters in Hamlet , Fortinbras , Gertrude 1822 Words | 6 Pages. ? Ghost story…… A. man was going through a forest. Razors Edge Essay! He was tired and thesis bibical, sat under a tree to rest. Bibical Healing! Near the tree were some bushes.

In the bushes he . Bibical Healing! heard a whistle. The man got up and went to look. University Term Papers""! He saw a bottle lying under a bush. Bibical Healing! The whistle was coming from inside the bottle. The man opened the bottle to look inside. Immediately a lot of black smoke came out from the bottle. The smoke rose high in the sky. Then the smoke turned into a ghost . It was a big ghost , as tall as a tree. The ghost was. If You Have to Ask , Mathematics , The Pillar 1374 Words | 4 Pages.

Unfinished Business: Ghosts and Spirits The average person may think of ghosts and spirits as something disguised in university term, a white . sheet with holes for eyes, a ragged figure dragging chains and moaning. In addition, something floating through the air and thesis healing, that can enter and exit rooms without the need to open doors. This is an example of the university term papers"", way ghosts and spirits are usually described in stories or depicted in thesis, movies. It has been said that ghosts and spirits are souls that cannot pass into the next. Afterlife , Death , Ghost 1479 Words | 4 Pages. The Role of the Ghost in Hamlet by William Shakespeare The role of the ghost in mba essay, Hamlet is twofold: firstly it is to create . interest; secondly it is to further the narrative of the play. Shakespeare recognized that he needed to thesis create interest in the audience from the very first scene of the play. The play opens with a conversation between Officers of the Watch who patrol the Battlements of Elsinore castle. Their talk is of a ghost who has appeared before twice previously: . Characters in Hamlet , Gertrude , Ghost 1703 Words | 7 Pages.

------------------------------------------------- Setting The story of the Canterville Ghost takes place in an old English country house, . Papers""! CantervilleChase, which has all the accoutrements of a traditional haunted house. Descriptions of the wainscotting, the library paneled in black oak, and the armor in the hallway characterize the Gothic setting and help Wilde clash the Old World with the New. Typical of the healing, style of the English Decadents, the gothic atmosphere reveals the author’s fascination. Blood , Bloodstain pattern analysis , Ghost 1523 Words | 4 Pages. Hamlet - Ghost The presence of the essay, apparition in the opening scene of William Shakespeare#8217;s Hamlet sets a macabre and eerie tone . while emitting and foreshadowing a theme of death.

In addition to the death theme the presence of the ghost illuminates on the mystery surrounding the death of thesis Hamlet#8217;s father, the King of Denmark. Often in literature the presence of a ghost indicates something left unresolved. In this case, the death of Hamlets father is the unresolved event. Characters in Hamlet , Deception , Fortinbras 1063 Words | 3 Pages. ? Ghosts are real. First, the most important thing to essays know is bibical, that ghosts are just human beings not living in thesis bibical healing, physical bodies. . These are people just like you and me. Like people everywhere, ghosts can be friendly, scary, smart, and stupid and everything in between, but they're just people. Both skeptics and thesis, ardent believers in university, the paranormal admit that supernatural and unexplainable activity—sightings of bibical ghost , spirit and/or aliens is on the rise.

If there is no supernatural, what are these apparitions. Casper the Friendly Ghost , Ghost , Ghost hunting 821 Words | 3 Pages. Gabi Starck English MYP 4D CIS Ectoplasmic Forces INTRODUCTION - No ghost was ever seen by a pair of eyes,(INTEXT) are the . words of the famous historian, Thomas Carlyle. Plenty of people, such as scientists, would agree with his statement, however, can Carlyle be certain of this? People have claimed to have seen, or taken photos, of mysterious figures which take the edge essay, form of a human - the figures which roam Earth mindlessly. Others, however, assume science can answer all the strange. Electromagnetic radiation , Energy , Ghost 759 Words | 3 Pages. The Canterville Ghost by Oscar Wilde is a hilarious and playful look at the spirit world.

It takes place in an 1800 British Castle, known as . Canterville Chase. Residents in the area think a ghost haunts the castle. The story has an thesis, unexpected ending as Mr. Simon's ghost eventually befriends Virginia, the daughter of the owners of Canterville Chase. An American minister and his family live at the castle. Edge! These people especially the thesis, father, Mr. Otis, do not believe in ghosts . The twins play all. Ghost , Otis family , Stain 1968 Words | 6 Pages. Omar Chargui SPC1017 Prof. Lichtman November 14, 2011 Persuasive Speech Outline Topic: Ghost Exist Thesis statement: . Ghost Exist.

I. Introduction: Ghost exists. Conclusion! (Question: How many of you believe in Ghost ?) A. One in thesis bibical healing, three Americans believes in Ghost according to the associated press. That’s more than ever in the history of America. They are all around us. People have experiences every second of the day. Yet, every time anyone has an primary homework help pyramids, experience there scared to say and brush it off. Associated Press , Everglades , Existence 935 Words | 3 Pages. ?Jimmy Brennan Opposing Viewpoints Ghosts : are they real? Ghosts are a very interesting topic and have always been a mystery. . Ghost hunters are trying to crack down on them and get some reliable evidence, but it is very hard to do. There are believers and thesis, non-believers, and they all state their opinion on ghost hunting.

Two of those people are Grant Wilson and Benjamin Radford. Grant Wilson and Benjamin Radford wrote articles about primary homework pyramids ghost hunting to bibical healing show their opinions through the essays hunting, use of ethos. Critical thinking , Evidence , Ghost 1541 Words | 6 Pages. James Banner Mr.Perrington English 101 9/21/12 Ghosts Are Real! Often when people talk about ghosts or spirit’s they . say “if I’ve never seen a ghost , they’re not real” but I’m here to tell you my experiences or “encounters” with ghosts . Over my 19 year life span I’ve had a few encounters with ghosts , that will make you reconsider your position on bibical healing, ghosts not being real. Its kind of hard to explain what you see, they’re not like a big sheet that’s portrayed in admission essays college, movies or very detailed people. 2007 singles , 2009 albums , American films 1333 Words | 3 Pages. Ghosts A Domestic Tragedy in Three Acts by Henrik Ibsen Translated by thesis bibical, R. Farquharson Sharp A Penn State Electronic . Mba Essay! Classics Series Publication Ghosts : A Domestic Tragedy in Three Acts by Henrik Ibsen , trans. Farquharson Sharp is a publication of the Pennsylvania State University. This Portable Document file is furnished free and without any charge of any kind.

Any person using this document file, for any purpose, and in any way does so at his or her own risk. Neither the Pennsylvania. 2005 albums , 2005 singles , 2007 albums 23241 Words | 53 Pages. Ghost , are they real? What is thesis bibical, real? A child trembling in the dark may be fearful because he believes that reality is more than the hard . Admission Essays College! material objects around him. Reality for him also includes an thesis healing, unseen spiritual realm.

You may defend yourself against these fears by insisting that such a realm cannot be a part of reality. Reality consists only of the hard, enduring objects around you that can be seen, heard, touched, and smelled. But what grounds do you have for this belief? In fact, many intelligent. Chinese calendar , Chinese holidays , Ghost 1747 Words | 5 Pages. Kaitlyn Taylor English 9th Grade June 12, 2013 Are There Ghosts in Gettysburg? . You have been walking all day in the hot sunlight and now your friends want to take more pictures. You aim the hunting, camera lens at a spot where boulders of thesis bibical rock sit one on top of another. Thesis! You see nothing special in the lens at first but then something catches your eye. A man who is dressed in rugged, filthy clothing and wears a large floppy hat. The way he.

American Civil War , Camera , Gettysburg College 1136 Words | 4 Pages. Anil’s Ghost is the critically acclaimed fourth novel by Michael Ondaatje, first published in thesis bibical, 2000. Anil’s Ghost follows the . life of Anil Tissera, a native Sri Lankan who left to on job hunting study in the United States on a scholarship, during which time she has become a forensic anthropologist. She returns to Sri Lanka in the midst of bibical its merciless civil war as part of a Human Rights Investigation by mba essay conclusion, the United Nations. Anil, along with archaeologist Sarath Diyasena, discovers the skeleton of a recently burned. Civil war , Human rights , Liberation Tigers of bibical healing Tamil Eelam 1764 Words | 6 Pages. College Ghost Lore If one were to take the beltway to I-270 north, about an hour north of Washington, DC one would arrive at a town called . Emmitsburg, Maryland.

Is the town haunted? I collected several stories from mba essay conclusion, a senior in college who is from thesis bibical, Emmitsburg. This senior is a white female. The stories I collected, many of which have to do with the small Catholic college indicate a rich ghost lore in the town. There are several stories that this woman told me concerning her hometown. Hunting! The first. 1800s , Burial , Cemetery 953 Words | 3 Pages. Hampton Sides. Ghost Soldiers: The Forgotten Epic Story of World War II's Most Dramatic Mission. New York.

Doubleday. 2001 The . Ghosts of thesis Bataan Hampton Sides succeeded in essay, representing the missing, forgotten, unheard, and often misinterpreted stories of some of World War II”s most dramatic missions. The goal of Ghost Soldiers was to bring together the scattered tales both horrific and heroic aspects of the conflict from healing, a historically factual and unbiased point of view. The situation of the. Bataan Death March , Ghost Soldiers , Imperial Japanese Army 1851 Words | 5 Pages. drunk from the Broad Street pump. It was not long before his own personal research combined with his own personal knowledge of the term, neighborhood led him to . Thesis Bibical Healing! also embrace the waterborne theory. The two of them took surveys of the essays college, area and created the “ ghost map”, a pattern of where people got their water and who contracted the disease in certain areas of London. By now, the idea of a waterborne disease definitely made sense to Whitehouse and despite opposition from city officials and other medical experts. Cholera , Drinking water , Epidemiology 1801 Words | 5 Pages. Ghosts Of Children? ------------------------------------------------- Top of Form Bottom of Form I would like to share my experience and . Thesis! get your opinions if possible!

Basically I used to homework help live in bibical, Kosi kalan on an old house and when I was about 13 I started to wake in thesis, the middle of the night, always in the early hours (from what I remember it was always between 1am and 3am). This only happened about once a month, maybe less. Thesis Healing! But what woke me up was the sound of bikes outside my window on the. 2005 singles , 2009 singles , Debut albums 944 Words | 3 Pages. In the play A Doll House, by Henrik Ibsen , the convention of marriage is hunting, examined and questioned for its lack of honesty.

The play is set in . the bibical healing, late 1800s, which provides the on job, backdrop for the debate about roles of people in society. Ibsen uses the minor character, Dr. Thesis Healing! Rank, to help develop the edge, theme of thesis bibical healing conflicts within society. This, in turn, creates connections with the plot. Dr. Rank's function in the play is to admission essays foreshadow, symbolize, and reflect upon bibical healing the truth of life and society and to break. A Doll's House , Foreshadowing , Henrik Ibsen 873 Words | 3 Pages. Ghosts are a significant part of a religion. It was mentioned and written in many parts of religious scriptures.

The life after death was . acknowledged in admission, many of these scriptures. Bibical! Nevertheless, it probably holds the homework egypt, logic behind paranormal activities. Thesis Bibical! We acknowledge our existence because we believe we can see, touch, and feel ourselves. We tie in the existence of God as an extension of primary ours, without God we would not be here. As the Heaven and hell exist so we can separate the good from the bad.Ever. Afterlife , Christianity , Existence 436 Words | 2 Pages. “A Doll’s House” by bibical, Henrik Ibsen What is the role of mba essay conclusion women in society?

This has been perhaps one of the most debated questions throughout . history. Because women were traditionally seen as the weaker sex or second-class citizens with a lower social status than men, their place was often considered to be in the home caring for their children and spouse. During the Victorian era, marriage was possibly one of the most significant points in a woman’s life. Many women did not have the option not to. A Doll's House , Feminism , Gender 1068 Words | 3 Pages. A Doll’s House by Henrik Ibsen is a play that challenges women’s rights as a matter of importance during a time period where it was ignored. Thesis Bibical! . This play was written during a literary movement called Naturalism, where writers believed that society determined a person’s character. Ibsen portrays the role of mba essay conclusion a woman in the 19th century lifestyle through the main character, Nora Helmer, who stays at home, raises the children, and attends to her husband’s every need. In A Doll’s House, Nora struggles for. 2002 albums , A Doll's House , Dolls 1093 Words | 3 Pages.

Hamlet receive a message from the soldiers stating that King Hamlet's spirit had been seen roaming the courtyards night after night, Intrigued Hamlet set out . into the night in search of the “ ghost ”. Thesis! The prince was curious as if perhaps indeed it was his father's spirit trying to give hamlet a message. The “ Ghost ” indeed presented himself to the prince and confused to him that he was in fact murdered. But, not killed in university, battle, but rather murdered by his own brother Claudius in attempts to overtake. Afterlife , Death , Ghost 1143 Words | 3 Pages. Oedipus the King and Ghosts - the Effects of thesis bibical Parent's Sins Upon Their. Sophocles' play Oedipus the King was written for a Greek audience as a religious right and lesson around two thousand years ago, while Ibsen's play . Ghosts was written as a criticism of the mba essay, Norwegian society during the bibical, 1890's. Thesis! Although these plays were written for very different reasons and under different circumstances, the universal theme connecting them is mankind's liability to sin because the results affect a greater whole.

One of the more specific themes of these plays is the negative effect. Aeschylus , Greek mythology , Oedipus 1456 Words | 4 Pages. Junior J. Villarreal 2/3/13 Henrik Ibsen Henrik Johan Ibsen (Norwegian 20 March 1828 – 23 May 1906) was a . major 19th-century Norwegian playwright, theatre director, and bibical healing, poet. Razors! He is often referred to as the father of realism and is one of the thesis, founders of healing Modernism in the theatre. His major works include Brand, Peer Gynt, An Enemy of the People, Emperor and bibical healing, Galilean, A Doll's House, Hedda Gabler, Ghosts , The Wild Duck, Rosmersholm, and The Master Builder.

He is the most frequently performed. A Doll's House , Edvard Grieg , George Bernard Shaw 464 Words | 2 Pages. Ibsen Paper College English Mrs. Wright 2/1/13 Jake Pratt Life presents questions to every person that experiences it. Many of these . question will forever remain unanswered. The social and conclusion, psychological problems and questions that life throws at it attendants are stressed by one of the mid to late 1800's best problem play authors, Henrik Ibsen . Healing! Ibsen spend most of his writing career exploring the essays on job hunting, human mind. Thesis Healing! He had a passion for the truth, and admission essays college, due to this he conveyed his thoughts through. A Doll's House , Gender , Gender role 1057 Words | 3 Pages. people were strongly influenced by society, especially in Europe. People felt that they needed to look perfect in the public eye and healing, everything they did had . to razors edge essay be something that society would approve of, otherwise it was out of the question.

Henrik Ibsen uses the main characters of bibical healing Nora and hunting, Torvald, in his play, “A Doll’s House” just as Leo Tolstoy uses the main characters of Ivan and thesis bibical, Praskovya, in his novel, The Death of Ivan Ilyich, to convey what it was like to live in a middle-class society in. 19th century , A Doll's House , Anton Chekhov 1327 Words | 4 Pages. Ghosts of Rwanda Reflection Does the Genocide in Rwanda have a singular cause? I do not believe so; the cause of genocide in Rwanda in edge essay, 1994 . was due to years of built up hatred between the Tutsis and the Hutus along with many other occurrences. The Rwandan Genocide is no exception with many variables contributing to the horrific events that took place. According to the documentary Ghosts of Rwanda, in 1994, Rwanda experienced a premeditated, systematic and state sponsored genocide with the aim. Genocide , Hutu , Juvenal Habyarimana 1368 Words | 4 Pages. Herik Ibsen: Father of Modern Drama.

?Shivany Condor Mrs. Besnard IB English HL2 21 November 2013 Henrik Ibsen as “The Father of Modern Drama” Henrik Ibsen has . long been referred to bibical healing as the Father of Modern Drama, and such title has rightly been given so. Conclusion! Mr. Ibsen was one of the pioneer theatre dramaturges that began the Modernism Movement, primarily known as the Realism Movement. Thesis! Modernism/Realism was a revolutionary idea back in Ibsen's time.

Many concepts of theater - including plots, dialogue, and characters – were renovated. A Doll's House , Henrik Ibsen , Norway 1445 Words | 5 Pages. to thanks those that granted permission for your team to conduct an investigation. This will help your team to term maintain a profession image and help in healing, the . Primary Homework Egypt! event of future return investigation at the locations. And it is always helpful to thank the ghosts that have enabled you to conduct your research. Please ask to see the Protocol booklet of have it emailed to you which goes more into depth.

Team , The A-Team , Weather 1191 Words | 3 Pages. In this very popular drama from the playwright Henrik Ibsen , Mrs. Bibical Healing! Linde and admission essays college, Krogstad make an thesis bibical healing, important contribution to the drama as the subplot . of the homework help egypt pyramids, play “ A doll’s house “. The playwright’s intent of this play was to dramatize Victorian society and thesis healing, it is clear that without these characters help, the main characters would have probably remained stagnant. Nora would have most likely, never would have come to a self-realization of her own lost identity without these subplot characters. Krogstad.

A Doll's House , Drama , George Bernard Shaw 1001 Words | 3 Pages. Shakespeare's Definition of conclusion a Ghost. Shakespeare's Definition of a Ghost The American Heritage Dictionary, published in bibical healing, 1973, defines a ghost as, the spirit or . shade of a dead person, supposed to haunt living persons or former habitats. Razors Edge! Unfortunately, this simple definition does not explain where a ghost comes from or why it haunts. When used in bibical, the context of Shakespeare's Hamlet, this definition seems to suggest that the ghost who visits Hamlet truly is his dead father seeking revenge. Homework Help Pyramids! To the bibical, modern reader, this straightforward.

Characters in Hamlet , David Warner , Death 1213 Words | 4 Pages. cities. Sanitary water supplies and waste-removal systems became the central infrastructure project of every industrialized city on the planet. These sewer . lines and freshwater pipes made the modern city safe for new inventions and developments. Term Papers""! The Ghost Map has become an iconic document.

Dr. John Snow created this map as supplementary evidence for his South London case, as the basic technique of population statistics measuring the thesis healing, incidence of a given phenomenon had entered the mainstream scientific. Cholera , City , Epidemiology 1537 Words | 4 Pages. Ghosts of Rwanda The film showed very disturbing footage of piles and homework egypt pyramids, piles of bibical dead bodies in Rwanda along with footage of President Clinton . stating that he would not put American lives in thesis healing, danger if the United States was not directly affected by the chain of events taking place. What’s worse, the lack of action and intervention from the thesis bibical, international community or the active role taken by the Rwandan government in the genocide? One could argue that both actions are equally despicable as the international.

Democratic Party , European Union , Genocide 769 Words | 3 Pages.

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Top Ten ARTnews Stories: Exposing the thesis, Hidden ‘He’ Back in January 1971, in the first flush of the feminist revolution, ARTnews did a special issue on women’s liberation, women artists, and mba essay art history. “Why Have There Been No Great Women Artists?” was the bibical, cover story, written by Linda Nochlin, a professor of art history at Vassar College who had become interested in feminist studies in the fall of 1969 (after returning from a Fulbright fellowship in Italy) and had changed the subject of her Vassar seminar to essays college, women in art. And the rest, as they say, is history. Thesis Bibical! Radical, counterintuitive, and admission essays immensely influential, the essay redefined the bibical, issues. One could call it seminal, but even that word now resonates with sexist implications. Nochlin’s premise, like most great ideas, was so simple, so logical, and so obvious that readers could only wonder why no one had ever noticed any of on job hunting, these things before. Yet in bibical its utter simplicity was a wealth of complexity, based on wide-ranging research. As Nochlin now says about primary egypt writing the essay, “Doors kept opening and thesis bibical opening. It was an internal dialogue.” Unlike the first-generation feminist artists, who tended to take things personally, Nochlin adopted a historical view, exploring the myths behind the assumption of what she called “the white-male-position-accepted-as-natural.” She examined the art world’s unacknowledged value system and the intellectual distortions and biases that supported, as she put it, “the hidden ‘he.’” She formulated the crucial questions and showed how they falsified the issue. Nochlin dismissed the notion of a different kind of university term, greatness for women’s art, as well as a different choice of subject matter: “The question ‘Why have there been no great women artists?’ is simply the top tenth of an iceberg of misinterpretation and misconception; beneath lies a vast dark bulk of shaky idees rei§ues about the nature of art and its situational concomitants, about the nature of human abilities in general and of human excellence in particular, and the role that the social order plays in all of this.”

She ripped into the myth of bibical, genius (“What if Picasso had been born a girl?”), examined the primary help egypt, conditions for producing art in terms of social class (“Why have there been no great artists from the bibical, aristocracy?”), and primary egypt concluded that art-making occurred within a social structure and a social context. Thesis Bibical Healing! Institutional discrimination against women had consequences, prime among them the historical unavailability of the nude model to admission essays, women artists. She delved into etiquette books that warned women not to bibical, excel at term any one thing, examined the role of artist-fathers and artist-mates, and concluded with the example of Rosa Bonheur, whose success far surpassed that of her impoverished drawing-master father. Nochlin had the grace not to thesis bibical healing, comment on H. W. Janson’s History of Art , the all-male standard art history textbook of the primary help egypt pyramids, time, or on the odd fact that while male art students traditionally drew from nude models, the model for female students in Thomas Eakins’s life-drawing classes was a cow. Originally written for an anthology on women in sexist society that had been edited by Vivian Gornick but not yet published, Nochlin’s essay caused feminist artists and the larger art world to question everything. In the early days of racial, ethnic, and gender awareness, the repercussions spread far and wide. The essay literally changed the course of art history. ARTnews continued to expand on Nochlin’s famous question. In October 1980, asking “Where Are the Great Men Artists?” the magazine featured a cover photo of 20 women and three articles (one of thesis bibical healing, which quoted the late Hannah Wilke: “Where are the great women artists? Judge not lest ye be judged”). The May 1997 issue had another cover with 20 influential women, as well as several articles.

By March 2003 contributing editor Ann Landi could ask, “Who Are the Great Women Artists?” Did Nochlin, who is now at New York University’s Institute of Fine Arts, have any idea of the impact her article would have? “No, I never think about things like that,” she says. “Big surprise: this year it was used on the SATs without attribution. That,” she adds, “is fame.” Kim Levin is an independent art critic and curator. Why Have There Been No Great Women Artists? Implications of the Women’s Lib movement for art history and for the contemporary art scene—or, silly questions deserve long answers; followed by eight replies. By Linda Nochlin, as published in ARTnews January 1971. While the papers"", recent upsurge of feminist activity in this country has indeed been a liberating one, its force has been chiefly emotional—personal, psychological and thesis bibical healing subjective—centered, like the other radical movements to term papers"", which it is related, on the present and its immediate needs, rather than on historical analysis of the basic intellectual issues which the feminist attack on the status quo automatically raises. 1 Like any revolution, however, the feminist one ultimately must come to grips with the intellectual and ideological basis of the various intellectual or scholarly disciplines—history, philosophy, sociology, psychology, etc.—in the same way that it questions the ideologies of bibical healing, present social institutions. If, as John Stuart Mill suggested, we tend to accept whatever is as natural, this is just as true in the realm of academic investigation as it is in our social arrangements. In the former, too, “natural” assumptions must be questioned and university term the mythic basis of much so-called “fact” brought to light.

And it is here that the very position of woman as an acknowledged outsider, the maverick “she” instead of the presumably neutral “one”—in reality the healing, white-male-position-accepted-as-natural, or the hidden “he” as the subject of all scholarly predicates—is a decided advantage, rather than merely a hindrance or a subjective distortion. In the field of art history, the white Western male viewpoint, unconsciously accepted as the essays on job hunting, viewpoint of the thesis bibical, art historian, may—and does—prove to be inadequate not merely on edge essay, moral and ethical grounds, or because it is elitist, but on purely intellectual ones. In revealing the failure of much academic art history, and a great deal of history in general, to take account of the unacknowledged value system, the thesis, very presence of an intruding subject in historical investigation, the feminist critique at the same time lays bare its conceptual smugness, its meta-historical nai?vete. At the moment when all disciplines are becoming more self-conscious, more aware of the nature of their presuppositions as exhibited in the very languages and structures of the various fields of scholarship, such uncritical acceptance of “what is” as “natural” may be intellectually fatal. Just as Mill saw male domination as one long series of social injustices that had to be overcome if a truly just social order were to be created, so we may see the unstated domination of razors edge essay, white male subjectivity as one in a series of intellectual distortions which must be corrected in order to achieve a more adequate and accurate view of historical situations. It is the engaged feminist intellect (like John Stuart Mill’s) that can pierce through the cultural-ideological limitations of the healing, time and edge essay its specific “professionalism” to reveal biases and inadequacies not merely in the dealing with the question of women, but in the very way of formulating the crucial questions of the discipline as a whole. Thus, the so-called woman question, far from being a minor, peripheral and laughably provincial sub-issue grafted on to a serious, established discipline, can become a catalyst, an intellectual instrument, probing basic and healing “natural” assumptions, providing a paradigm for other kinds of internal questioning, and in turn providing links with paradigms established by radical approaches in other fields.

Even a simple question like “Why have there been no great women artists?” can, if answered adequately, create a sort of chain reaction, expanding not merely to encompass the accepted assumptions of the single field, but outward to embrace history and the social sciences, or even psychology and literature, and thereby, from the outset, to essays college, challenge the assumption that the traditional divisions of intellectual inquiry are still adequate to deal with the meaningful questions of our time, rather than the merely convenient or self-generated ones. Let us, for example, examine the implications of bibical healing, that perennial question (one can, of course, substitute almost any field of mba essay, human endeavor, with appropriate changes in phrasing): “Well, if women really are equal to men, why have there never been any great women artists (or composers, or mathematicians, or philosophers, or so few of the same)?” “Why have there been no great women artists?” The question tolls reproachfully in the background of most discussions of the so-called woman problem. But like so many other so-called questions involved in thesis bibical healing the feminist “controversy,” it falsifies the nature of the issue at the same time that it insidiously supplies its own answer: “There are no great women artists because women are incapable of greatness.” The assumptions behind such a question are varied in range and sophistication, running anywhere from “scientifically proven” demonstrations of the inability of human beings with wombs rather than penises to create anything significant, to relatively open-minded wonderment that women, despite so many years of near-equality—and after all, a lot of men have had their disadvantages too—have still not achieved anything of exceptional significance in conclusion the visual arts. The feminist’s first reaction is to swallow the bait, hook, line and sinker, and to attempt to thesis bibical, answer the question as it is put: i.e., to dig up examples of worthy or insufficiently appreciated women artists throughout history; to rehabilitate rather modest, if interesting and mba essay conclusion productive careers; to “re-discover” forgotten flower-painters or David-followers and make out a case for them; to demonstrate that Berthe Morisot was really less dependent on Manet than one had been led to think—in other words, to bibical, engage in the normal activity of the specialist scholar who makes a case for homework help egypt, the importance of his very own neglected or minor master. Such attempts, whether undertaken from a feminist point of view, like the ambitious article on women artists which appeared in the 1858 Westminster Review , 2 or more recent scholarly studies on healing, such artists as Angelica Kauffmann and Artemisia Gentileschi, 3 are certainly worth the effort, both in adding to our knowledge of women’s achievement and of art history generally. But they do nothing to question the essays college, assumptions lying behind the thesis bibical, question “Why have there been no great women artists?” On the contrary, by attempting to answer it, they tacitly reinforce its negative implications.

Another attempt to answer the question involves shifting the ground slightly and asserting, as some contemporary feminists do, that there is a different kind of “greatness” for women’s art than for men’s, thereby postulating the existence of a distinctive and recognizable feminine style, different both in its formal and its expressive qualities and based on the special character of women’s situation and experience. This, on the surface of it, seems reasonable enough: in general, women’s experience and essays situation in society, and hence as artists, is different from men’s, and certainly the healing, art produced by a group of consciously united and purposefully articulate women intent on bodying forth a group consciousness of feminine experience might indeed be stylistically identifiable as feminist, if not feminine, art. Unfortunately, though this remains within the essays, realm of possibility it has so far not occurred. While the members of the Danube School, the followers of Caravaggio, the painters gathered around Gauguin at thesis Pont-Aven, the Blue Rider, or the Cubists may be recognized by certain clearly defined stylistic or expressive qualities, no such common qualities of “femininity” would seem to link the papers"", styles of women artists generally, any more than such qualities can be said to link women writers, a case brilliantly argued, against healing, the most devastating, and mutually contradictory, masculine critical cliches, by Mary Ellmann in her Thinking about essays college Women . Healing! 4 No subtle essence of university, femininity would seem to thesis healing, link the work of university term papers"", Artemesia Gentileschi, Mme. Vigee-Lebrun, Angelica Kauffmann, Rosa Bonheur, Berthe Morisot, Suzanne Valadon, Kaethe Kollwitz, Barbara Hepworth, Georgia O’Keeffe, Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Helen Frankenthaler, Bridget Riley, Lee Bontecou or Louise Nevelson, any more than that of Sappho, Marie de France, Jane Austen, Emily Bronti«, George Sand, George Eliot, Virginia Woolf, Gertrude Stein, Anai?s Nin, Emily Dickinson, Sylvia Plath and Susan Sontag. In every instance, women artists and writers would seem to be closer to other artists and writers of their own period and outlook than they are to each other. Women artists are more inward-looking, more delicate, and nuanced in their treatment of their medium, it may be asserted. But which of the women artists cited above is thesis bibical healing more inward-turning than Redon, more subtle and nuanced in the handling of pigment than Corot? Is Fragonard more or less feminine than Mme. Vigee-Lebrun?

Or is it not more a question of the whole Rococo style of razors, 18th-century France being “feminine,” if judged in terms of a two-valued scale of “masculinity” vs. “femininity”? Certainly, though, if daintiness, delicacy and preciousness are to be counted as earmarks of a feminine style, there is nothing fragile about Rosa Bonheur’s Horse Fair , nor dainty and introverted about Helen Frankenthaler’s giant canvases. If women have turned to scenes of domestic life, or of children, so did Jan Steen, Chardin and bibical the Impressionists—Renoir and Monet as well as Morisot and Cassatt. In any case, the mere choice of a certain realm of subject matter, or the restriction to certain subjects, is not to be equated with a style, much less with some sort of quintessentially feminine style. The problem lies not so much with the feminists’ concept of what femininity is, but rather with their misconception—shared with the public at large—of what art is: with the naive idea that art is the direct, personal expression of edge essay, individual emotional experience, a translation of personal life into visual terms. Art is almost never that, great art never is.

The making of art involves a self-consistent language of thesis healing, form, more or less dependent upon, or free from, given temporally-defined conventions, schemata or systems of notation, which have to admission essays college, be learned or worked out, either through teaching, apprenticeship or a long period of individual experimentation. The language of art is, more materially, embodied in paint and line on canvas or paper, in stone or clay or plastic or metal—it is neither a sob-story nor a confidential whisper. The fact of the matter is that there have been no supremely great women artists, as far as we know, although there have been many interesting and very good ones who remain insufficiently investigated or appreciated; nor have there been any great Lithuanian jazz pianists, nor Eskimo tennis players, no matter how much we might wish there had been. That this should be the case is regrettable, but no amount of bibical healing, manipulating the historical or critical evidence will alter the situation; nor will accusations of on job, male-chauvinist distortion of history. The fact, dear sisters, is that there are no women equivalents for Michelangelo or Rembrandt, Delacroix or Cezanne, Picasso or Matisse, or even, in very recent times, for thesis bibical, de Kooning or Warhol, any more than there are Black American equivalents for the same. If there actually were large numbers of term, “hidden” great women artists, or if there really should be different standards for thesis bibical, women’s art as opposed to thesis, men’s—and one can’t have it both ways—then what are the feminists fighting for? If women have in fact achieved the same status as men in the arts, then the status quo is fine as it is. But in actuality, as we all know, things as they are and as they have been, in the arts as in a hundred other areas, are stultifying, oppressive and discouraging to all those, women among them, who did not have the thesis bibical healing, good fortune to be born white, preferably middle class and, above all, male.

The fault, dear brothers, lies not in conclusion our stars, our hormones, our menstrual cycles or our empty internal spaces, but in our institutions and our education—education understood to thesis bibical healing, include everything that happens to us from the moment we enter this world of meaningful symbols, signs and signals. The miracle is, in essays fact, that given the overwhelming odds against women, or blacks, that so many of bibical healing, both have managed to achieve so much sheer excellence, in those bailiwicks of white masculine prerogative like science, politics, or the arts. It is when one rally starts thinking about the implications of “Why have there been no great women artists?” that one begins to realize to what extent our consciousness of how things are in the world has been conditioned—and often falsified—by the way the most important questions are posed. We tend to take it for granted that there really is an East Asian Problem, a Poverty Problem, a Black Problem—and a Woman Problem. But first we must ask ourselves who is formulating these “questions,” and mba essay conclusion then, what purposes such formulations may serve. Thesis Bibical Healing! (We may, of course, refresh our memories with the connotations of the Nazi’s “Jewish Problem.”) Indeed, in our time of instant communication, “problems” are rapidly formulated to razors edge essay, rationalize the bad conscience of those with power: thus the problem posed by thesis healing Americans in Vietnam and Cambodia is referred to by Americans as “the East Asian Problem,” whereas East Asians may view it, more realistically, as “the American Problem”; the so-called Poverty Problem might more directly be viewed as the on job, “Wealth Problem” by thesis bibical healing denizens of urban ghettos or rural wastelands; the help egypt, same irony twists the White Problem into its opposite: a Black Problem; and the same inverse logic turns up in the formulation of our own present state of affairs as the “Woman Problem.” Now the “Woman Problem,” like all human problems, so-called (and the very idea of calling anything to thesis bibical, do with human beings a “problem” is, of course, a fairly recent one) is not amenable to “solution” at all, since what human problems involve is re-interpretation of the nature of the situation, or a radical alteration of thesis bibical healing, stance or program on the part of the “ problems ” themselves . Thus women and their situation in the arts, as in bibical healing other realms of endeavor, are not a “problem” to be viewed through the eyes of the dominant male power elite. Instead, women must conceive of university papers"", themselves as potentially, if not actually, equal subjects, and must be willing to look the thesis bibical, facts of their situation full in the face, without self-pity, or cop-outs; at essays college the same time they must view their situation with that high degree of thesis bibical healing, emotional and papers"" intellectual commitment necessary to create a world in which equal achievement will be not only made possible but actively encouraged by social institutions. It is certainly not realistic to hope that a majority of men, in the arts, or in bibical any other field, will soon see the light and find that it is in their own self-interest to thesis, grant complete equality to women, as some feminists optimistically assert, or to maintain that men themselves will soon realize that they are diminished by denying themselves access to traditionally “feminine” realms and healing emotional reactions. Conclusion! After all, there are few areas that are really “denied” to men, if the level of operations demanded be transcendent, responsible or rewarding enough: men who have a need for “feminine” involvement with babies or children gain status as pediatricians or child psychologists, with a nurse (female) to do the thesis bibical healing, more routine work: those who feel the mba essay conclusion, urge for kitchen creativity may gain fame as master chefs; and, of course, men who yearn to fulfill themselves through what are often termed “feminine” artistic interests can find themselves as painters or sculptors, rather than as volunteer museum aides or part time ceramists, as their female counterparts so often end up doing; as far as scholarship is concerned, how many men would be willing to change their jobs as teachers and researchers for bibical, those of essays on job, unpaid, part-time research assistants and typists as well as full-time nannies and thesis healing domestic workers? Those who have privileges inevitably hold on mba essay, to them, and hold tight, no matter how marginal the thesis, advantage involved, until compelled to bow to superior power of one sort or another.

Thus the question of women’s equality—in art as in any other realm—devolves not upon the relative benevolence or ill-will of individual men, nor the self-confidence or abjectness of individual women, but rather on the very nature of our institutional structures themselves and the view of university papers"", reality which they impose on thesis healing, the human beings who are part of them. As John Stuart Mill pointed out essays more than a century ago: “Everything which is usual appears natural. The subjection of women to men being a universal custom, any departure from it quite naturally appears unnatural.” 5 Most men, despite lip-service to equality, are reluctant to give up this “natural” order of things in which their advantages are so great; for women, the case is further complicated by the fact that, as Mill astutely pointed out, unlike other oppressed groups or castes, men demand of her not only submission but unqualified affection as well: thus women are often weakened by the internalized demands of the male-dominated society itself, as well as by bibical a plethora of material goods and comforts: the middle-class woman has a great deal more to lose than her chains. The question “Why have there been no great women artists?” is simply the top tenth of an iceberg of misinterpretation and misconception; beneath lies a vast dark bulk of shaky idees recues about the nature of art and its situational concomitants, about the nature of human abilities in university term papers"" general and of human excellence in healing particular, and the role that the admission college, social order plays in healing all of this. Conclusion! While the “women problem” as such may be a pseudo-issue, the misconceptions involved in the question “Why have there been no great women artists?” points to major areas of intellectual obfuscation beyond the specific political and ideological issues involved in the subjection of thesis healing, women.

Basic to the question are many naive, distorted, uncritical assumptions about the making of art in admission essays general, as well as the making of thesis healing, great art. These assumptions, conscious or unconscious, link together such unlikely superstars as Michelangelo and van Gogh, Raphael and term papers"" Jackson Pollock under the rubric of “Great”—an honorific attested to by the number of scholarly monographs devoted to thesis bibical healing, the artist in question—and the razors edge, Great Artist is, of thesis healing, course, conceived of admission essays, as one who has “Genius”; Genius, in turn, is thought of bibical healing, as an atemporal and mysterious power somehow embedded in the person of the Great Artist. 6 Such ideas are related to homework help, unquestioned, often unconscious, meta-historical premises that make Hippolyte Taine’s race-milieu-moment formulation of the dimensions of historical thought seem a model of sophistication. But these assumptions are intrinsic to a great deal of art-historical writing. It is no accident that the crucial question of the conditions generally productive of thesis bibical healing, great art has so rarely been investigated, or that attempts to investigate such general problems have, until fairly recently, been dismissed as unscholarly, too broad, or the conclusion, province of some other discipline, like sociology. To encourage a dispassionate, impersonal, sociological and bibical institutionally-oriented approach would reveal the entire romantic, elitist, individual-glorifying and monograph-producing substructure upon which the primary egypt, profession of thesis bibical healing, art history is based, and which has only recently been called into question by a group of mba essay conclusion, younger dissidents. Underlying the question about woman as artist, then, we find the myth of the Great Artist—subject of a hundred monographs, unique, godlike—bearing within his person since birth a mysterious essence, rather like the golden nugget in Mrs. Grass’s chicken soup, called Genius or Talent, which, like murder, must always out, no matter how unlikely or unpromising the healing, circumstances. The magical aura surrounding the representational arts and their creators has, of course, given birth to myths since the earliest times. University Papers""! Interestingly enough, the same magical abilities attributed by Pliny to the Greek sculptor Lysippos in antiquity—the mysterious inner call in early youth, the lack of any teacher but Nature herself—is repeated as late as the 19th century by Max Buchon in his biography of Courbet.

The supernatural powers of the artist as imitator, his control of strong, possibly dangerous powers, have functioned historically to thesis, set him off from essays hunting others as a godlike creator, one who creates Being out of nothing. Bibical Healing! The fairy tale of the Boy Wonder, discovered by an older artist or discerning patron, usually in the guise of razors edge essay, a lowly shepherd boy, has been a stock-in-trade of artistic mythology ever since Vasari immortalized the young Giotto, discovered by the great Cimabue while the healing, lad was guarding his flocks, drawing sheep on a stone; Cimabue, overcome with admiration by the realism of the drawing, immediately invited the humble youth to be his pupil. 7 Through some mysterious coincidence, later artists including Beccafumi, Andrea Sansovino, Andrea del Castagno, Mantegna, Zurbaran and Goya were all discovered in similar pastoral circumstances. Even when the young Great Artist was not fortunate enough to come equipped with a flock of homework, sheep, his talent always seems to have manifested itself very early, and independent of any external encouragement: Filippo Lippi and bibical Poussin, Courbet and Monet are all reported to essays on job, have drawn caricatures in the margins of their schoolbooks instead of studying the required subjects—we never, of course, hear about the healing, youths who neglected their studies and scribbled in the margins of their notebooks without ever becoming anything more elevated than department-store clerks or shoe salesmen. The great Michelangelo himself, according to university term, his biographer and pupil, Vasari, did more drawing than studying as a child. So pronounced was his talent, reports Vasari, that when his master, Ghirlandaio, absented himself momentarily from healing his work in mba essay Santa Maria Novella, and the young art student took the opportunity to draw “the scaffolding, trestles, pots of paint, brushes and the apprentices at their tasks” in this brief absence, he did it so skillfully that upon his return the master exclaimed: “This boy knows more than I do.” As is so often the case, such stories, which probably have some truth in them, tend both to reflect and perpetuate the attitudes they subsume.

Despite any basis in bibical fact of these myths about the early manifestations of Genius, the tenor of the tales is misleading. It is no doubt true, for example, that the young Picasso passed all the examinations for entrance to bibical healing, the Barcelona, and later to the Madrid, Academy of bibical, Art at university the age of 15 in but a single day, a feat of bibical healing, such difficulty that most candidates required a month of preparation. But one would like to essay, find out more about similar precocious qualifiers for art academies who then went on to achieve nothing but mediocrity or failure—in whom, of course, art historians are uninterested—or to study in greater detail the bibical healing, role played by Picasso’s art-professor father in mba essay conclusion the pictorial precocity of his son. What if Picasso had been born a girl? Would Sei±or Ruiz have paid as much attention or stimulated as much ambition for achievement in a little Pablita? What is stressed in all these stories is the apparently miraculous, non-determined and a-social nature of artistic achievement; this semi-religious conception of the artist’s role is elevated to hagiography in the 19th-century, when both art historians, critics and, not least, some of the artists themselves tended to elevate the making of art into a substitute religion, the bibical healing, last bulwark of mba essay conclusion, Higher Values in a materialistic world. The artist, in the 19th-century Saints’ Legend, struggles against the most determined parental and social opposition, suffering the thesis healing, slings and arrows of social opprobrium like any Christian martyr, and ultimately succeeds against all odds—generally, alas, after his death—because from university term deep within himself radiates that mysterious, holy effulgence: Genius. Here we have the thesis, mad van Gogh, spinning out sunflowers despite epileptic seizures and near-starvation; Cezanne, braving paternal rejection and admission essays college public scorn in order to revolutionize painting; Gauguin throwing away respectability and financial security with a single existential gesture to pursue his Calling in the tropics, or Toulouse-Lautrec, dwarfed, crippled and bibical alcoholic, sacrificing his aristocratic birthright in thesis bibical favor of the squalid surroundings that provided him with inspiration, etc. Now no serious contemporary art historian takes such obvious fairy tales at their face value. Thesis Healing! Yet it is this sort of mythology about artistic achievement and its concomitants which forms the unconscious or unquestioned assumptions of scholars, no matter how many crumbs are thrown to social influences, ideas of the times, economic crises and so on. Behind the most sophisticated investigations of primary help egypt pyramids, great artists—more specifically, the art-historical monograph, which accepts the notion of the Great Artist as primary, and the social and institutional structures within which he lived and bibical healing worked as mere secondary “influences” or background”—lurks the golden-nugget theory of genius and essays the free-enterprise conception of individual achievement.

On this basis, women’s lack of major achievement in art may be formulated as a syllogism: If women had the healing, golden nugget of artistic genius then it would reveal itself. Homework Help! But it has never revealed itself. Q. E. D. Women do not have the golden nugget of thesis bibical, artistic genius. If Giotto, the essays college, obscure shepherd boy, and van Gogh with his fits could make it, why not women? Yet, as soon as one leaves behind the world of fairy-tale and self-fulfilling prophecy and, instead, casts a dispassionate eye on healing, the actual situations in which important art production has existed, in the total range of its social and institutional structures throughout history, one finds that the very questions which are fruitful or relevant for the historian to admission essays college, ask shape up rather differently. One would like to ask, for instance, from thesis what social classes artists were most likely to come at different periods of art history, from what castes and sub-group. What proportion of painters and sculptors, or more specifically, of major painters and sculptors, came from families in which their fathers or other close relatives were painters and sculptors or engaged in related professions? As Nikolaus Pevsner points out in his discussion of the French Academy in the 17th And 18th centuries, the transmission of the artistic profession from father to son was considered a matter of course (as it was with the Coypels, the Coustous, the Van Loos, etc); indeed, sons of academicians were exempted from the customary fees for lessons. 8 Despite the noteworthy and dramatically satisfying cases of the great father-rejecting revoltes of the 19th century, one might be forced to admit that a large proportion of artists, great and not-so-great, in the days when it was normal for primary help pyramids, sons to follow in their fathers’ footsteps, had artist fathers. In the rank of major artists, the names of Holbein and Direr, Raphael and Bernini, immediately spring to mind; even in our own times, one can cite the bibical, names of Picasso, Calder, Giacometti, and Wyeth as members of artist-fam.

As far as the relationship of term, artistic occupation and social class is concerned, an interesting paradigm for the question “Why have there been no great women artists?” might well be provided by trying to healing, answer the questions: “Why have there been no great artists from the aristocracy?” One can scarcely think, before the anti-traditional 19th century at least, of essays hunting, any artist who sprang from the ranks of any more elevated class than the upper bourgeoisie; even in the 19th century, Degas came from the lower nobility—more like the thesis bibical, haute bourgeoisie, in fact—and only Toulouse-Lautrec, metamorphosed into admission college the ranks of the marginal by bibical accidental deformity, could be said to have come from the loftier reaches of the upper classes. Wile the aristocracy has always provided the lion’s share of the patronage and the audience for university, art—as, indeed, the aristocracy of wealth does even in our more democratic days—it has contributed little beyond amateurish efforts to the creation of art itself, despite the fact that aristocrats (like many women) have had more than their share of thesis bibical healing, educational advantages, plenty of leisure and, indeed, like women, were often encouraged to dabble in the arts and even develop into respectable amateurs, like Napoleon III’s cousin, the Princess Mathilde, who exhibited at the official Salons, or Queen Victoria, who, with Prince Albert, studied art with no less a figure than Landseer himself. Could it be that the little golden nugget—Genius—is missing from the aristocratic make-up in the same way that it is from the feminine psyche? Or rather, is it not, that the essays on job, kinds of demands and expectations placed before both aristocrats and women—the amount of time necessarily devoted to social functions, the very kinds of activities demanded—simply made total devotion to professional art production out of the question, indeed unthinkable, both for thesis bibical, upper-class males and for women generally, rather than its being a question of genius and talent? When the right questions are asked about the conditions for producing art, of which the production of great art is a sub-topic, there will no doubt have to be some discussion of the situational concomitants of thesis bibical, intelligence and talent generally, not merely of bibical healing, artistic genius. Piaget and others have stressed in their genetic epistemology that in the development of reason and in the unfolding of imagination in young children, intelligence—or, by implication, what we choose to call genius—is a dynamic activity rather than a static essence, and an activity of a subject in a situation . As further investigations in the field of child development imply, these abilities, or this intelligence, are built up minutely, step by step, from infancy onward, and the patterns of adaptation-accommodation may be established so early within the conclusion, subject-in-an-environment that they may indeed appear to healing, be innate to the unsophisticated observer.

Such investigations imply that, even aside from meta-historical reasons, scholars will have to abandon the notion, consciously articulated or not, of individual genius as innate, and as primary to the creation of on job hunting, art.9. The question “Why have there been no great women artists?” has led us to the conclusion, so far, that art is not a free, autonomous activity of a super-endowed individual, “influenced” by previous artists, and, more vaguely and superficially, by “social forces,” but rather, that the total situation of art making, both in terms of the thesis bibical healing, development of the art maker and in the nature and hunting quality of the work of thesis bibical, art itself, occur in a social situation, are integral elements of this social structure, and are mediated and determined by specific and definable social institutions, be they art academies, systems of patronage, mythologies of the divine creator, artist as he-man or social outcast. The Question of the Nude. We can now approach our question from a more reasonable standpoint, since it seems probable that the answer to why there have been no great women artists lies not in conclusion the nature of individual genius or the lack of it, but in the nature of given social institutions and what they forbid or encourage in various classes or groups of individuals. Let us first examine such a simple, but critical, issue as availability of the nude model to aspiring women artists, in the period extending from the Renaissance until near the end of the 19th century, a period in which careful and prolonged study of the thesis, nude model was essential to the training of every young artist, to the production of any work with pretentions to grandeur, and to the very essence of History Painting, generally accepted as the highest category of term, art: indeed, it was argued by defenders of traditional painting in the 19th century that there could be no great painting with clothed figures, since costume inevitably destroyed both the thesis bibical healing, temporal universality and the classical idealization required by great art. Thesis Healing! Needless to say, central to the training programs of the academies since their inception late in thesis bibical healing the 16th and early in the 17th centuries, was life drawing from the admission, nude, generally male, model. Thesis Bibical Healing! In addition, groups of razors edge, artists and their pupils often met privately for thesis bibical, life drawing sessions from the nude model in their studios. In general, it might be added, while individual artists and private academies employed the female model extensively, the female nude was forbidden in almost all public art schools as late as 1850 and after—a state of affairs which Pevsner rightly designates as “hardly believable.”10 Far more believable, unfortunately, was the complete unavailability to the aspiring woman artist of any nude models at all, male or female. As late as 1893, “lady” students were not admitted to life drawing at the Royal Academy in London, and primary homework help egypt pyramids even when they were, after that date, the bibical healing, model had to be “partially draped.”11. A brief survey of primary homework pyramids, representations of like-drawing sessions reveals an all male clientele drawing from the female nude in Rembrandt’s studio; men working from bibical male nudes in 18th-century representations of conclusion, academic instruction in thesis healing The Hague and Vienna; men working from the seated male nude in Boily’s charming painting of the interior of Houdon’s studio at the beginning of the 19th century; Mathieu Cochereau’s scrupulously veristic Interior of David’s Studio , exhibited in the Salon of 1814, reveals a group of young men diligently drawing or painting from a male nude model, whose discarded shoes may be seen before the models’ stand.

The very plethora of surviving “Academies”—detailed, painstaking studies from the nude studio model—in the mba essay, youthful oeuvre of artists down through the time of Seurat and well into the 20th century, attests to the central importance of healing, this branch of study in razors essay the pedagogy and development of the talented beginner. Healing! The formal academic program itself normally proceeded, as a matter of mba essay conclusion, course, from copying from drawings and engravings, to drawing from casts of famous works of thesis bibical, sculpture, to drawing from the living model. To be deprived of this ultimate stage of training meant, in effect, to be deprived of the possibility of razors, creating major art works, unless one were a very ingenious lady indeed, or simply, as most of the women aspiring to be painters ultimately did, to restrict oneself to the “minor” fields of thesis bibical, portraiture, genre, landscape or still-life. Razors Edge Essay! It is rather as though a medical student were denied the opportunity to dissect or even examine the naked human body. There exist, to my knowledge, no representations of artists drawing from the nude model which include women in any role but that of the nude model itself, an interesting commentary on rules of propriety: i.e., it is all right for a (“low,” of course) woman to reveal herself naked-as-an-object for a group of men, but forbidden to thesis bibical, a woman to participate in the active study and recording of edge essay, naked-man-as-an-object, or even of a fellow woman. An amusing example of this taboo on thesis bibical healing, confronting a dressed lady with a naked man is embodied in a group portrait of the members of the Royal Academy in London in 1772, represented by Zoffany as gathered in the life room before two nude male models: all the on job hunting, distinguished members are present with but one noteworthy exception—the single female member, the renowned Angelica Kauffmann, who, for bibical, propriety’s sake, is merely present in effigy, in the form of a portrait hanging on admission, the wall. A slightly earlier drawing of Ladies in the Studio by thesis the Polish artist Daniel Chodowiecki, shows the ladies portraying a modestly dressed member of their sex. In a lithograph dating from the on job hunting, relatively liberated epoch following the French Revolution, the lithographer Marlet has represented some women sketchers in a group of students working from the male model, but the model himself has been chastely provided with what appears to be a pair of bathing trunks, a garment hardly conducive to a sense of classical elevation; no doubt such license was considered daring in its day, and the young ladies in question suspected of doubtful morals, but even this liberated state of affairs seems to have lasted only a short while. In an healing, English stereoscopic color view of the interior of a studio of about 1865, the standing, bearded male model is so heavily draped that not an iota of his anatomy escapes from the mba essay, discreet toga, save for a single bare shoulder and arm: even so, he obviously had the grace to avert his eyes in the presence of the bibical, crinoline-clad young sketchers. The women in on job the Women’s Modeling Class at the Pennsylvania Academy were evidently not allowed even this modest privilege. A photograph by Thomas Eakins of about 1885 reveals these students modeling from a cow (bull?

Ox? The nether regions are obscure in the photograph), a naked cow to be sure, perhaps a daring liberty when one considers that even piano legs might be concealed beneath pantalettes during this era (the idea of introducing a bovine model into the artist’s studio stems from Courbet, who brought a bull into his short-lived studio academy in the 1860s). Only at the very end of the 19th century, in thesis bibical healing the relatively liberated and open atmosphere of mba essay conclusion, Repin’s studio and thesis healing circle in Russia, do we find representations of women art students working uninhibitedly from the nude—the female model, to be sure—in the company of men. Even in this case, it must be noted that certain photographs represent a private sketch group meeting in one of the women artists’ homes; in bibical the other, the model is draped; and the large group portrait, a co-operative effort by two men and two women students of Repin’s, is an imaginary gathering together of all of the Russian realist’s pupils, past and present, rather than a realistic studio view. I have gone into the question of the availability of the nude model, a single aspect of the automatic, institutionally-maintained discrimination against women, in such detail simply to demonstrate both the universality of the discrimination against women and its consequences, as well as the institutional rather than individual nature of but one facet of the necessary preparation for achieving mere proficiency, much less greatness, in healing the realm of art during a long stretch of time. One could equally well examine other dimensions of the situation, such as the apprenticeship system, the essays on job, academic educational pattern which, in France especially, was almost the only key to success and which had a regular progression and set competitions, crowned by the Prix de Rome which enabled the young winner to work in the French Academy in thesis healing that city—unthinkable for women, of course—and for which women were unable to compete until the end of the 19th century, by which time, in fact, the whole academic system had lost its importance anyway. It seems clear, to take France in the 19th century as an example, a country which probably had a larger proportion of women artists than any other—that is to say, in terms of their percentage in the total number of artists exhibiting in the Salon—that “women were not accepted as professional painters.”12 In the mba essay conclusion, middle of the century, there were only a third as many women as men artists, but even this mildly encouraging statistic is deceptive when we discover that out of this relatively meager number, none had attended that major stepping stone to artistic success, the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, only 7 percent had received any official commission or had held any official office—and these might include the most menial sort of healing, work—only 7 percent had ever received any Salon medal, and none had ever received the Legion of Honor.13 Deprived of encouragements, educational facilities and rewards, it is almost incredible that a certain percentage of women did persevere and seek a profession in the arts. It also becomes apparent why women were able to compete on university, far more equal terms with men—and even become innovators—in literature. Thesis Bibical Healing! While art-making traditionally has demanded the learning of specific techniques and skills, in a certain sequence, in an institutional setting outside the home, as well as becoming familiar with a specific vocabulary of iconography and motifs, the same is by no means true for the poet or novelist. Anyone, even a women, has to learn the help pyramids, language, can learn to read and write, and can commit personal experiences to paper in the privacy of one’s room. Naturally this oversimplifies the bibical, real difficulties and complexities involved in creating good or great literature, whether by man or woman, but it still gives a clue as to the possibility of the existence of Emily Bronte or an Emily Dickinson, and conclusion the lack of their counterparts, at least until quite recently, in the visual arts.

Of course we have not gone into the “fringe” requirements for major artists, which would have been, for the most part, both psychically and socially closed to healing, women, even if hypothetically they could have achieved the mba essay, requisite grandeur in the performance of their craft: in bibical healing the Renaissance and after, the great artist, aside from primary pyramids participating in the affairs of an academy, might well be intimate with members of humanist circles with whom he could exchange ideas, establish suitable relationships with patrons, travel widely and freely, perhaps politic and intrigue; nor have we mentioned the thesis bibical, sheer organizational acumen and ability involved in running a major studio-factory, like that of Rubens. An enormous amount of self-confidence and worldly knowledgeability, as well as a natural sense of well-earned dominance and power, was needed by the great chef d’ecole , both in the running of the production end of painting, and in the control and instruction of the admission, numerous students and bibical assistants. In contrast to the single-mindedness and commitment demanded of a chef d’ecole , we might set the on job hunting, image of the “lady painter” established by 19th-century etiquette books and thesis bibical healing reinforced by the literature of the times. Admission Essays College! It is precisely the insistence upon a modest, proficient, self-demeaning level of amateurism as a “suitable accomplishment” for the well-brought up young woman, who naturally would want to direct her major attention to the welfare of bibical healing, others—family and husband—that militated, and still militates, against any real accomplishment on the part of women. It is this emphasis which transforms serious commitment to frivolous self-indulgence, busy work or occupational therapy, and today, more than ever, in suburban bastions of the admission, feminine mystique, tends to distort the whole notion of what art is and what kind of social role it plays. Thesis Healing! In Mrs. Ellis’ widely read The Family Monitor and razors essay Domestic Guide , published before the bibical healing, middle of the 19th century, a book of advice popular both in the United States and in England, women were warned against the snare of trying too hard to excel in any one thing:

It must not be supposed that the writer is mba essay conclusion one who would advocate, as essential to women, any very extraordinary degree of intellectual attainment, especially if confined to bibical, one particular branch of study. “I should like to excel in something” is term a frequent and, to some extent, laudable expression; but in what does it originate, and to what does it tend? To be able to do a great many things tolerably well, is of infinitely more value to a woman, than to be able to bibical healing, excel in any one. By the former, she may render herself generally useful; by the latter, she may dazzle for an hour. By being apt, and tolerably well skilled in college everything, she may fall into any situation in life with dignity and ease—by devoting her time to excellence in one, she may remain incapable of every other. So far as cleverness, learning, and knowledge are conducive to woman’s moral excellence, they are therefore desirable, and no further. Thesis Bibical Healing! All that would occupy her mind to the exclusion of better things, all that would involve her in the mazes of flattery and admiration, all that would tend to draw away her thoughts from others and fix them on herself, ought to be avoided as an evil to essays hunting, her, however brilliant or attractive it may be in itself. [my italics]14.

Lest we are tempted to thesis bibical healing, laugh, we may refresh ourselves with more recent samples of exactly the same message cited in Betty Friedan’s Feminine Mystique, or in the pages of recent issues of thesis healing, popular women’s magazines. This advice has a familiar ring, of course: propped up by a bit of Freudianism and some tag-lines from the social sciences about the thesis, well-rounded personality, preparation for woman’s chief career, marriage, and edge the unfemininity of deep involvement with work rather than sex, it is still the bibical healing, mainstay of the Feminine Mystique. Such an outlook helps guard man from unwanted competition in his “serious” professional activities and assures him of “well-rounded” assistance on the home front, so that he may have sex and primary help family in addition to the fulfillment of his own specialized talent and thesis healing excellence at the same time. As far as painting specifically is concerned, Mrs. Ellis finds that it has one immediate advantage for the young lady over its rival branch of artistic activity, music—it is quiet and disturbs no one (this negative virtue, of course, would not be true of sculpture, but accomplishment with the hammer and chisel simply never occurs as a suitable accomplishment for the weaker sex); in razors essay addition, says Mrs. Ellis, “it [drawing] is an employment which beguiles the mind of many cares . . Thesis Bibical Healing! . Drawing is, of essays, all other occupations, the one most calculated to bibical, keep the mind from brooding upon self, and to maintain that general cheerfulness which is primary egypt a part of social and bibical healing domestic duty . . . It can also,” she adds, “ be laid down and resumed, as circumstance or inclination may direct, and that without any serious loss.”15 Again, lest we feel that we have made a great deal of edge essay, progress in this area in the past 100 years, I might bring up the remark of a bright young doctor who, when the conversation turned to bibical, his wife and her friends “dabbling” in the arts, snorted: “Well, at least it keeps them out of on job hunting, trouble!” Now as in the 19th century, amateurism and lack of real commitment as well as snobbery and emphasis on bibical healing, chic on the part of women in their artistic “hobbies,” feeds the contempt of the successful, professionally committed man who is engaged in “real” work and can, with a certain justice, point to his wife’s lack of seriousness in her artistic activities. For such men, the “real” work of women is only that which directly or indirectly serves the family; any other commitment falls under the rubric of diversion, selfishness, egomania or, at the unspoken extreme, castration. On Job Hunting! The circle is a vicious one, in which philistinism and frivolity mutually re-enforce each other.

In literature, as in life, even if the woman’s commitment to art was a serious one, she was expected to drop her career and give up this commitment at the behest of love and marriage: this lesson is, today as in bibical healing the 19th century, still inculcated in young girls, directly or indirectly, from the moment they are born. Even the essays on job, determined and successful heroine of Mrs. Craik’s mid-19th-century novel about feminine artistic success, Olive , a young woman who lives alone, strives for fame and independence and actually supports herself through her art—such unfeminine behavior is at least partly excused by healing the fact that she is a cripple and automatically considers that marriage is denied to her—even Olive ultimately succumbs to the blandishments of love and papers"" marriage. Thesis Healing! To paraphrase the university papers"", words of Patricia Thomson in The Victorian Heroine , Mrs. Craik, having shot her bolt in healing the course of her novel, is content, finally, to let her heroine, whose ultimate greatness the mba essay conclusion, reader has never been able to thesis bibical healing, doubt, sink gently into matrimony. “Of Olive, Mrs. Craik comments imperturbably that her husband’s influence is to deprive the term, Scottish Academy of ‘no one knew how many grand pictures.’”16 Then as now, despite men’s greater “tolerance,” the choice for women seems always to be marriage or a career, i.e., solitude as the thesis bibical, price of success or sex and companionship at the price of professional renunciation. That achievement in university term papers"" the arts, as in any field of endeavor, demands struggle and sacrifice, no one would deny; that this has certainly been true after the middle of the thesis bibical healing, 19th century, when the conclusion, traditional institutions of artistic support and patronage no longer fulfilled their customary obligations, is undeniable: one has only to think of Delacroix, Courbet, Degas, van Gogh, and Toulouse-Lautrec as examples of great artists who gave up the distractions and obligations of family life, at least in part, so that they could pursue their artistic careers more singlemindedly.

Yet none of them was automatically denied the pleasures of sex or companionship on account of this choice. Nor did they ever conceive that they had sacrificed their manhood or their sexual role on account of their singleness and singlemindedness in order to achieve professional fulfillment. Thesis Bibical! But if the artist in question happens to be a woman, 1,000 years of guilt, self-doubt and objecthood have been added to the undeniable difficulties of being an artist in help pyramids the modern world. The unconscious aura of titillation that arises from a visual representation of an aspiring woman artist in the mid-19th century. Emily Mary Osborne’s heartfelt painting, Nameless and Friendless , 1857, a canvas representing a poor but lovely and respectable young girl at a London art dealer, nervously awaiting the verdict of the pompous proprietor about the healing, worth of her canvases while two ogling “art lovers” look on, is university term really not too different in its underlying assumptions from an thesis bibical healing, overtly salacious work like Bompard’s Debut of the university, Model . The theme in both is thesis healing innocence, delicious feminine innocence, exposed to the world. It is the charming vulnerability of the young woman artist, like that of the hesitating model, which is really the subject of primary homework pyramids, Miss Osborne’s painting, not the thesis bibical, value of the young woman’s work or her pride in on job hunting it: the issue here is, as usual, sexual rather than serious. Always a model but never an healing, artist might well have served as the motto of the seriously aspiring young woman in the arts of the 19th century.

But what of the small band of heroic women, who, throughout the ages, despite obstacles, have achieved pre-eminence, if not the pinnacles of grandeur of a Michelangelo, a Rembrandt, or a Picasso? Are there any qualities that may be said to have characterized them as a group and as individuals? While we cannot go into such an investigation in depth in this article, we can point to a few striking characteristics of women artists generally: they all, almost without exception, were either the daughters of artist fathers, or, generally later, in university term papers"" the 19th and bibical healing 20th centuries, had a close personal connection with a stronger or more dominant male artistic personality. Neither of these characteristics is, of papers"", course, unusual for men artists, either, as we have indicated above in the case of thesis bibical, artist fathers and sons: it is simply true almost without exception for their feminine counterparts, at least until quite recently. From the legendary sculptor, Sabina von Steinbach, in the 13th century, who, according to local tradition, was responsible for South Portal groups on the Cathedral of Strasbourg, down to on job, Rosa Bonheur, the most renowned animal painter of the 19th century, and including such eminent women artists as Marietta Robusti, daughter of Tintoretto, Lavinia Fontana, Artemisia Gentileschi, Elizabeth Cheron, Mme. Vigee-Lebrun and Angelica Kauffmann—all, without exception, were the daughters of artists; in the 19th century, Berthe Morisot was closely associated with Manet, later marrying his brother, and Mary Cassatt based a good deal of her work on the style of her close friend Degas. Precisely the same breaking of traditional bonds and discarding of time-honored practices that permitted men artists to strike out in directions quite different from those of their fathers in the second half of the 19th century enabled women, with additional difficulties, to be sure, to strike out on their own as well. Many of our more recent women artists, like Suzanne Valadon, Paula Modersohn-Becker, Kaethe Kollwitz or Louise Nevelson, have come from non-artistic backgrounds, although many contemporary and near-contemporary women artists have married fellow artists. It would be interesting to bibical, investigate the role of benign, if not outright encouraging, fathers in the formation of women professionals: both Kaethe Kollwitz and Barbara Hepworth, for example, recall the influence of unusually sympathetic and supportive fathers on their artistic pursuits. In the absence of any thoroughgoing investigation, one can only gather impressionistic data about the hunting, presence or absence of rebellion against parental authority in women artists, and whether there may be more or less rebellion on the part of women artists than is true in the case of men or vice versa. One thing however is clear: for a woman to bibical, opt for a career at all, much less for a career in art, has required a certain amount of unconventionality, both in the past and at present; whether or not the woman artist rebels against or finds strength in the attitude of her family, she must in any case have a good strong streak of rebellion in her to make her way in the world of art at all, rather than submitting to the socially approved role of wife and mother, the only role to which every social institution consigns her automatically.

It is only by edge adopting, however covertly, the thesis bibical, “masculine” attributes of singlemindedness, concentration, tenaciousness and absorption in ideas and craftsmanship for their own sake, that women have succeeded, and continue to succeed, in the world of art. It is primary pyramids instructive to bibical, examine in greater detail one of the most successful and accomplished women painters of all time, Rosa Bonheur (1822–1899), whose work, despite the ravages wrought upon its estimation by primary help changes of taste and a certain admitted lack of thesis, variety, still stands as an impressive achievement to anyone interested in the art of the 19th century and in the history of taste generally. Rosa Bonheur is a woman artist in whom, partly because of the magnitude of her reputation, all the various conflicts, all the internal and external contradictions and struggles typical of her sex and profession, stand out in sharp relief. The success of Rosa Bonheur firmly establishes the role of institutions, and institutional change, as a necessary, if not a sufficient cause of achievement in art. We might say that Bonheur picked a fortunate time to become an artist if she was, at the same time, to have the disadvantage of being a woman: she came into her own in the middle of the 19th century, a time in which the struggle between traditional History Painting as opposed to the less pretentious and more free-wheeling genre painting, landscape and still-life was won by the latter group hands down. A major change in the social and institutional support for art itself was well under way: with the mba essay, rise of the thesis healing, bourgeoisie and razors essay the fall of the cultivated aristocracy, smaller paintings, generally of every-day subjects, rather than grandiose mythological or religious scenes were much in demand. To cite the Whites: “Three hundred provincial museums there might be, government commissions for public works there might be, but the only possible paid destinations for the rising flood of canvases were the homes of the bourgeoisie. History painting had not and never would rest comfortably in the middle-class parlor. ‘Lesser’ forms of image art—genre, landscape, still-life—did.”17 In mid-century France, as in bibical healing 17th-century Holland, there was a tendency for artists to attempt to achieve some sort of security in a shaky market situation by specializing, by making a career out of a specific subject: animal painting was a very popular field, as the Whites point out, and Rosa Bonheur was no doubt its most accomplished and successful practitioner, followed in popularity only by edge the Barbizon painter Troyon (who at one time was so pressed for his paintings of cows that he hired another artist to brush in the backgrounds).

Rosa Bonheur’s rise to fame accompanied that of the Barbizon landscapists, supported by those canny dealers, the Durand-Ruels, who later moved on thesis bibical healing, to the Impressionists. The Durand-Ruels were among the first dealers to tap the expanding market in conclusion movable decoration for the middle classes, to use the Whites’ terminology. Healing! Rosa Bonheur’s naturalism and ability to capture the individuality—even the “soul”—of each of her animal subjects coincided with bourgeois taste at the time. The same combination, of qualities, with a much stronger dose of sentimentality and pathetic fallacy to be sure, likewise assured the success of her animalier contemporary, Landseer, in England. Daughter of an impoverished drawing master, Rosa Bonheur quite naturally showed her interest in thesis art early; at the same time, she exhibited an independence of spirit and liberty of manner which immediately earned her the label of tomboy. Bibical Healing! According to her own later accounts, her “masculine protest” established itself early; to what extent any show of persistence, stubbornness and help vigor would be counted as “masculine” in the first half of the 19th century is conjectural. Rosa Bonheur’s attitude towards her father is somewhat ambiguous: while realizing that he had been influential in directing her towards her life’s work, there is no doubt that she resented his thoughtless treatment of her beloved mother, and in her reminiscences, she half affectionately makes fun of his bizarre form of social idealism. Thesis! Raimond Bonheur had been an active member of the short-lived Saint-Simonian community, established in homework help egypt the third decade of the bibical, 19th century by “Le Pere” Enfantin at Menilmontant. Although in her later years Rosa Bonheur might have made fun of primary egypt, some of the more far-fetched eccentricities of the members of the thesis bibical healing, community, and disapproved of the additional strain which her father’s apostolate placed on her overburdened mother, it is obvious that the Saint-Simonian ideal of equality for women—they disapproved of marriage, their trousered feminine costume was a token of emancipation, and their spiritual leader, Le Pere Enfantin, made extraordinary efforts to find a Woman Messiah to share his reign—made a strong impression on her as a child, and may well have influenced her future course of behavior.

“Why shouldn’t I be proud to be a woman?” she exclaimed to essays college, an interviewer. “My father, that enthusiastic apostle of humanity, many times reiterated to me that woman’s mission was to elevate the human race, that she was the thesis, Messiah of future centuries. It is to his doctrines that I owe the homework, great, noble ambition I have conceived for the sex which I proudly affirm to thesis, be mine, and whose independence I will support to my dying day . Bibical! . .”18 When she was hardly more than a child, he instilled in her the ambition to surpass Mme. Vigee-Lebrun, certainly the most eminent model she could be expected to follow, and he gave her early efforts every possible encouragement. At the same time, the spectacle of her uncomplaining mother’s slow decline from sheer overwork and poverty might have been an even more realistic influence on thesis bibical, her decision to control her own destiny and never to university, become the slave of a husband and children. Thesis Healing! What is particularly interesting from the modern feminist viewpoint is Rosa Bonheur’s ability to combine the most vigorous and unapologetic masculine protest with unabashedly self-contradictory assertions of “basic” femininity. In those refreshingly straightforward pre-Freudian days, Rosa Bonheur could explain to her biographer that she had never wanted to marry for fear of university term papers"", losing her independence—too many young girls let themselves be led to bibical healing, the altar like lambs to the sacrifice, she maintained.

Yet at essays the same time that she rejected marriage for herself and implied an inevitable loss of selfhood for thesis bibical healing, any woman who engaged in it, she, unlike the Saint-Simonians, considered marriage “a sacrament indispensable to college, the organization of society.” While remaining cool to offers of bibical, marriage, she joined in a seemingly cloudless, lifelong and apparently Platonic union with a fellow woman artist, Nathalie Micas, who evidently provided her with the companionship and emotional warmth which she needed. Obviously the conclusion, presence of this sympathetic friend did not seem to demand the same sacrifice of genuine commitment to her profession which marriage would have entailed: in any case, the advantages of such an arrangement for women who wished to avoid the distraction of children in the days before reliable contraception are obvious. Yet at the same time that she frankly rejected the conventional feminine role of thesis bibical healing, her times, Rosa Bonheur still was drawn into hunting what Betty Friedan has called the “frilly blouse syndrome,” that innocuous version of the feminine protest which even today compels successful women psychiatrists or professors to adopt some ultra-feminine item of thesis healing, clothing or insist on proving their prowess as pie-bakers.19 Despite the fact that she had early cropped her hair and adopted men’s clothes as her habitual attire, following the example of George Sand, whose rural Romanticism exerted a powerful influence over her imagination, to her biographer she insisted, and no doubt sincerely believed, that she did so only because of the specific demands of her profession. Indignantly denying rumors to the effect that she had run about the streets of mba essay conclusion, Paris dressed as a boy in her youth, she proudly provided her biographer with a daguerreotype of herself at 16 years, dressed in perfectly conventional feminine fashion, except for her shorn head, which she excused as a practical measure taken after the death of her mother; “who would have taken care of my curls?” she demanded.20. As far as the bibical, question of masculine dress was concerned, she was quick to reject her interlocutor’s suggestion that her trousers were a symbol of emancipation. “I strongly blame women who renounce their customary attire in the desire to make themselves pass for men,” she affirmed. “If I had found that trousers suited my sex, I would have completely gotten rid of my skirts, but this is not the case, nor have I ever advised my sisters of the palette to wear men’s clothes in the ordinary course of life. If, then, you see me dressed as I am, it is not at university papers"" all with the aim of making myself interesting, as all too many women have tried, but simply in order to facilitate my work. Remember that at a certain period I spent whole days in the slaughterhouses.

Indeed, you have to love your art in order to live in pools of blood . . . Bibical! I was also fascinated with horses, and where better can one study these animals than at the fairs . . . Essays! ? I had no alternative but to realize that the garments of my own sex were a total nuisance. That is why I decided to ask the Prefect of Police for the authorization to bibical, wear masculine clothing.21 But the costume I am wearing is my working outfit, nothing else. The remarks of fools have never bothered me. Nathalie [her companion] makes fun of them as I do. It doesn’t bother her at all to bibical healing, see me dressed as a man, but if you are even the slightest bit put off, I am completely prepared to put on a skirt, especially since all I have to thesis bibical, do is to essays on job, open a closet to thesis, find a whole assortment of mba essay conclusion, feminine outfits.”22. Yet at thesis healing the same time Rosa Bonheur is forced to admit: “My trousers have been my great protectors . . . Many times I have congratulated myself for primary, having dared to break with traditions which would have forced me to bibical, abstain from certain kinds of work, due to the obligation to bibical healing, drag my skirts everywhere . Bibical Healing! . Healing! .” Yet the famous artist again feels obliged to qualify her honest admission with an ill-assumed “femininity”: “Despite my metamorphoses of thesis, costume, there is not a daughter of Eve who appreciates the niceties more than I do; my brusque and thesis healing even slightly unsociable nature has never prevented my heart from remaining completely feminine.”23. It is somewhat pathetic that this highly successful artist, unsparing of thesis healing, herself in the painstaking study of animal anatomy, diligently pursuing her bovine or equine subjects in college the most unpleasant surroundings, industriously producing popular canvases throughout the course of a lengthy career, firm, assured and incontrovertibly masculine in thesis bibical healing her style, winner of essays hunting, a first medal in the Paris Salon, Officer of the Legion of Honor, Commander of the Order of Isabella the Catholic and the Order of Leopold of thesis bibical, Belgium, friend of Queen Victoria—that this world-renowned artist should feel compelled late in life to hunting, justify and qualify her perfectly reasonable assumption of thesis healing, masculine ways, for any reason whatsoever, and to feel compelled to attack her less modest trouser-wearing sisters at the same time, in order to admission essays college, satisfy the demands of her own conscience. For her conscience, despite her supportive father, her unconventional behavior and thesis healing the accolade of worldly success, still condemned her for not being a “feminine” woman. The difficulties imposed by such demands on the woman artist continue to add to her already difficult enterprise even today. Compare, for example, the primary homework egypt pyramids, note contemporary, Louise Nevelson, with her combination of utter, “unfeminine” dedication to her work and her conspicuously “feminine” false eyelashes; her admission that she got married at 17 despite her certainty that she couldn’t live without creating because “the world said you should get married.”24 Even in the case of these two outstanding artists—and whether we like The Horsefair or not, we still must admire Rosa Bonheur’s achievement—the voice of the feminine mystique with its potpourri of ambivalent narcissism and bibical guilt, internalized, subtly dilutes and subverts that total inner confidence, that absolute certitude and self-determination, moral and admission essays esthetic, demanded by the highest and healing most innovative work in art.

We have tried to deal with one of the perennial questions used to challenge women’s demand for true, rather than token, equality, by examining the whole erroneous intellectual substructure upon which the question “Why have there been no great women artists?” is based; by questioning the validity of the formulation of so-called “problems” in general and the “problem” of women specifically; and then, by probing some of the limitations of the mba essay, discipline of thesis bibical, art history itself. Primary Homework Egypt Pyramids! Hopefully, by stressing the thesis healing, institutional —i.e. the public—rather than the individual , or private, pre-conditions for essays, achievement or the lack of it in the arts, we have provided a paradigm for the investigation of other areas in the field. Bibical Healing! By examining in some detail a single instance of deprivation or disadvantage—the unavailability of on job hunting, nude models to women art students—we have suggested that it was indeed institutionally made impossible for women to achieve artistic excellence, or success, on the same footing as men, no matter what the potency of their so-called talent, or genius. Bibical Healing! The existence of a tiny band of successful, if not great, women artists throughout history does nothing to conclusion, gainsay this fact, any more than does the existence of thesis healing, a few superstars or token achievers among the members of any minority groups. And while great achievement is rare and difficult at mba essay conclusion best, it is still rarer and bibical more difficult if, while you work, you must at the same time wrestle with inner demons of thesis healing, self-doubt and guilt and outer monsters of ridicule or patronizing encouragement, neither of which have any specific connection with the quality of the art work as such. What is important is that women face up to the reality of their history and of their present situation, without making excuses or puffing mediocrity. Thesis! Disadvantage may indeed be an excuse; it is not, however, an intellectual position. Rather, using as a vantage point their situation as underdogs in the realm of grandeur, and outsiders in that of ideology, women can reveal institutional and intellectual weaknesses in general, and, at the same time that they destroy false consciousness, take part in the creation of institutions in which clear thought—and true greatness—are challenges open to anyone, man or woman, courageous enough to thesis, take the necessary risk, the bibical, leap into the unknown. 1. Kate Millett’s Sexual Politics , New York, 1970, and Mary Ellman’s Thinking About Women, New York, 1968 provide notable exceptions. 2. “Women Artists,” Review of mba essay conclusion, Die Frauen in die Kunstgeschichte by Ernst Guhl in The Westminster Review (American Edition), LXX, July, 1958, 91-104.

I am grateful to thesis bibical, Elaine Showalter for having brought this review to my attention. 3. See, for example, Peter S. Walch’s excellent studies of Angelica Kauffmann or his unpublished doctoral dissertation, Angelica Kauffmann , Princeton, 1968, on the subject; for Artemisia Gentileschi, see R. Ward Bissell, “Artemisia Gentileschi—A New Documented Chronology,” Art Bulletin, L (June), 1968, 153-168. 4. New York, 1968. 5. John Stuart Mill, The Subjection of Women (1869) in Three Essays by John Stuart Mill , World’s Classics Series, London, 1966, p. 441. 6. For the relatively recent genesis of the primary, emphasis on thesis healing, the artist as the nexus of esthetic experience, see M. H. Abrams, The Mirror and the Lamp: Romantic Theory and admission the Critical Tradition , New York, 1953, and Maurice Z. Shroder, Icarus: The Image of the Artist in French Romanticism , Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1961. 7. A comparison with the parallel myth for thesis bibical healing, women, the Cinderella Story, is revealing: Cinderella gains higher status on the basis of essays, a passive, “sex-object” attribute—small feet—whereas the thesis, Boy Wonder always proves himself through active accomplishment. Edge Essay! For a thorough study of myths about artists, see Ernst Kris and Otto Kurz, Die Legende vom Kunstler: Ein Geschichtlicher Versuch , Vienna, 1934. 8. Nikolaus Pevsner, Academies of Art, Past and bibical Present , Cambridge, 1940, p. 96f.

9. Admission! Contemporary directions—earthworks, conceptual art, art as information, etc.—certainly point away from bibical healing emphasis on the individual genius and his salable products; in art history, Harrison C. and thesis healing Cynthia A. White’s Canvases and Careers: Institutional Change in healing the French Painting World , New York, 1965, opens up a fruitful new direction of college, investigation, as did Nikolaus Pevsner’s pioneering Academies of Art . Ernst Gombrich and Pierre Francastel, in healing their very different ways, always have tended to view art and the artist as part of bibical healing, a total situation rather than in lofty isolation. 10. Thesis! Female models were introduced in the life-class in university papers"" Berlin in 1875, in Stockholm in 1839, in Naples in 1870, at the Royal College of Art in thesis London, after 1875. Pevsner, op. cit., p. 231. Female models at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts wore masks to hide their identity as late as about 1866—as attested to in a charcoal drawing by university term Thomas Eakins—if not later. 12. Healing! H. C. and C. A. White, op. cit. , p. Admission College! 51.

14. Mrs. Ellis, The Daughters of healing, England: Their Position in Society, Character, and Responsibilities (1844) in The Family Monitor , New York, 1844, p. 35. 16. Patricia Thomson, The Victorian Heroine: A Changing Ideal , London, 1956, p. 77. 17. H. C. and C. A. White, op. On Job Hunting! cit., p. 91.

18. Anna Klumpke, Rosa Bonheur: Sa Vie, son oeuvre , Paris, 1908, p. 311. 19. Betty Friedan, The Feminine Mystique, New York, 1963, p. 158. 20. Healing! A. Klumpke, op. cit. , p. 166. 21. Paris, like many cities even today, had laws against impersonation on its books. 22. A. Essays! Klumpke, op. Bibical Healing! cit. , pp. 308-309.

24. Cited in Elizabeth Fisher, “The Woman as Artist, Louise Nevelson,” Aphra , I (Spring), 1970, p. 32. Copyright 2017, Art Media ARTNEWS, llc. 110 Greene Street, 2nd Fl., New York, N.Y. 10012. Primary Pyramids! All rights reserved. Your cart is empty. Picket Fences: Ai Weiwei Protests Oppressive Borders with a Work of Public Art.

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Literary Analysis Essay: 1984 by George Orwell. “No one is free, even the thesis, birds are chained to the sky.” Bob Dylan said this probably not knowing its profound connection with George Orwell’s novel “1984”, but the as well could be in “1984”. Orwell depicts a totalitarian dystopian world where there is no freedom and mba essay, citizens are being brainwashed constantly. Without any sense of individual fairness, people work for the party just like the thesis bibical healing, gear wheels in a machine. In order to achieve this, the politicians in “1984” suppress people’s thinking and eliminate their freedom by creating fear through propaganda, strict laws and conclusion, incessant surveillances. In “1984”, lies, myths and false information controls the thinking of the bibical healing, citizens. The Party uses propaganda as the deadliest weapon of egypt control. Propaganda increases the citizens’ morale and makes them think that what the party tells them to do is always right. There are mainly two types of bibical propaganda, one changes truth, so-called doublethink, and another creates fear. “Doublespeak” can be seen frequently in the world of 1984. The party’s big slogan “WAR IS PEACE.

FREEDOM IS SLAVERY. IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH.” (George Orwell, 4) is an good example. The idea of the slogan is to convince the citizens that what they want, is what they already have. Razors Essay. Only war can make peace and thesis bibical, harmony, so peace is no longer peace, it becomes war; anyone who is slaved and hunting, wants freedom, he already has freedom; you can only strengthen yourself by not knowing things and being ignorant. The slogan changes truth and make the citizens believe that anything they want other than what their government wants can only make them unhappy, therefore, no one will consider rebellion because they believe the thesis healing, Party’s way of razors edge essay governing is the thesis, best and only way. “BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU” (George Orwell, 3) is another core slogan. Healing. It is nearly everywhere in the country and usually presented beneath the picture of Big Brother on a poster. It creates fear of thesis bibical obliterated privacy among citizens by essays on job, alerting them that they are watched all the time. At the same time, the slogan also emphasizes Big Brother’s power to tells the citizens that they are indeed safe and protected. The party uses this to make them believe that within the party nothing can go wrong, and without Big Brother they will not have such lives.

Everyone thinks he is safe in Oceania because of the Big Brother, but they are in fact in bibical, danger, all the mba essay, time. The laws is another powerful tool for politicians in “1984” to limit citizens freedom. No parties, no dates, no love, no citizens walk on street after curfew, laws are everywhere in thesis, Oceania. Razors Edge Essay. Although these are strictly implemented, they cannot be called laws theoretically because they are not written in a system. There is thesis, no written laws in 1984, there is no such thing as constitution or court, but that is exactly how fear is created, as citizens are always living in uncertainty. For example, “And yet it was a fact that if Syme grasped, even for three seconds, the nature of his, Winston#8217;s, secret opinions, he would betray him instantly to the Thought Police” (George Orwell, 30). There is no law that defines thoughtcrime However, Winston could be arrested any time for committing thoughtcrime by even a tiny facial twitch suggesting struggle, and his nervous system literally becomes his biggest enemy.

Since there is no written law, the essay, Party can change and adjust the strictness of laws freely as it wants, citizens never know if they have committed any crime, therefore no one is brave enough to defy the Party by any level, so fear is created. In addition, “Newspeak” is another law that is enforced to thesis bibical healing, solidify the Party’s control. Humans use language to express their ideas, by essays on job, eliminating words and bibical, replacing emotional words such as “excellent”, “wonderful” and “fantastic” by a single word “good” and its comparative degrees “plusgood” and “plusplusgood”. Lots of thoughts are actually limited because they cannot be formed linguistically in people’s mind. Citizens then cannot have their own critical thinking, and only do what they are told to university term, do, they work just as computers, which surprisingly only bibical have two words.* Surveillance is almost everywhere in Oceania, the mostly used way is television. There is a two-way screen, so-called television in every apartment and on university, street but they only serve the purpose of monitoring and thesis bibical healing, propaganda, the Party gets simultaneous image of what its people are doing. Even facial expression can be detected. College. Only senior members of the Inner Party have the power to turn them off for a short period. Children are also used to keep track of their parents, “The children, on the other hand, were systematically turned against their parents and taught to spy on them and report their deviations” (76).

In fact, this was used by the communist party of bibical healing China during Cultural revolution. With extremely mighty surveillance, citizens cannot express their ideas towards the negative side of the Party at all, and even thoughts are controlled because the Party can “reeducate” people for an incorrect facial expression. By using language as a tool of control as well as the mba essay, evidence for sentence, Orwell creates a world where language, a word or a sentence, can determine ones life. Through language plays the thesis healing, key role in the Party’s propaganda, strict laws and surveillance, total physical control as well as phycological manipulation is achieved. In Oceania, thoughts are suppressed until them vanish after generations. In this world, nothing is free, even a bird. *0 and 1, Binary numeral system.

Bibliography: Orwell, George. 1984 . San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1984. On Job Hunting. Print.

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Essay: Kember’s student progress model. Abstract— The purpose of this paper is to have a quantitative analytical study and to examine the thesis bibical theoretical basis of the Kember’s student progress model that evaluates directly or indirectly effects of student’s opinions in online environment by recognizing the relationships between variables such as online student’s opinions, performance, cost-benefit analysis and student determination. Many researchers like Thomson, Harlow, Houle and Porta-Merida confirmed that effectiveness and dependability of the theory, but their results are meagerly dissimilar in the degree of influence on student opinions and also indicate that it could be useful and meaningful to re-analyze various components in more present research. The study conducted in this research has explored the relationships among the suggested variables. The various regression techniques (like multiple or logistic) were applied to analyze the online data sample or survey data. The results of this research have showed that the external environment parameters have been directly linked to student determination, and inversely proportional to the student’s performance. Similarly, each student cumulative grade point average (CGPA) and academic amalgamation was highly correlated to student determination. The results of this research paper conveys the current phenomena and knowledge of essay, online student academic determination. In today’s world the greatest problem has been social media, but it can be use as a tool to increases social binding on the academics front.

It is seen that by altering external parameters, encouraging higher CGPA and the academic amalgamation will guide students o achieve their academic goals. Keywords: Student Determination (SE); Retention; Opinions; Online Students (Og); Higher Education (HE); Higher Education Institutions (HEI’s); Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA); Social Binding; Academic Binding (AB); External Environment Parameters(EEP) Student determination is an important factor for both students and bibical healing, Higher Education Institutions (HEI’s) because it affects in achieving students’ education goals and also financially sustaining the HEI’s goals. Essays On Job. The purpose of this paper is to test and bibical healing, examines the theoretical basis of Kember’s [1] student progress model which evaluated the college direct or indirect effects of student determination on thesis bibical, their successful completion of their graduation degree programs. Nichols [2] proved that student’s motivation is a crucial factor in evaluating their determination in completing their academic programs. Spady [3] had given the empirical and theoretical model of on job hunting, student determination. Later on Tinto [4], in thesis healing, his research edited Spady’s model to explored the dropout rate behavior.

Bean #038; Metzner [5] claimed in there conceptual model that the Tinto model is less appropriate where social binding with friends and professional educators is constraint by edge essay the time factor in healing, a classroom and the students which are non-traditional (i.e. which are not much used to computers) are badly affected by admission essays college the parameters’ governed by external environment, than by the social binding variables that affect wearing out of healing, traditional students. Kember [1] had correlated his dropout model of student determination with the model of student progress as it relates to online student social binding (SB), academic amalgamation (AA), external environment parameters (EEP), and academic incompatibility (AI). Various researchers in [6, 7, 8, 9] also worked on the degree of influence on student determination. We have done the qualitative study to analyze the bonding or relationships among student opinions in terms of student performance (SP), student progress factors, cost-benefits (CP), and student determination with the admission essays help of Kember’s model of student progress. This study uses the bibical Kember’s model and conclusion, try to analyze its fitness with online learning practices and what can done to improve student determination.

2. The Proposed Research Questions. There are some research questions which need to thesis bibical healing, be answered in this paper and on that basis null hypotheses and their alternative hypotheses are generated. 1) Is there any linking exist between student opinions of the academic experience with the a) social binding (SB), b) academic binding (AB), c) external environment parameters (EEP), and d) academic incompatibility with student determination (within the primary homework help learning environment at thesis healing, the institutional level)? If relationship exits, then does it empirically alter with respect to homework help egypt pyramids, student traits and learning skills and various styles? 2) Is there any linking between student opinions of the bibical healing academic experience with a) SB, b) AB, c) EEP, and d) academic incompatibility with student determination governed by student academic performance which is on job, defined by CGPA? 3) ) Is there any linking between student opinions of the academic experience a) SB, b) AB, c) EEP, and d) academic incompatibility with student determination governed by thesis bibical healing cost-benefits analysis (CB)? 3. Background Literature.

3.1 Student’s Determination in Learning Environment. Kay [10] disclosed the fact that the conclusion development of distribution technology has spurred many HEI’s to bibical, offer higher education Similarly Tinto [4] had discussed various different factors related to student determination related to retention. Various other tools for thesis bibical the study of thesis bibical healing, determination and persistence are the identification of predictors for institute ‘student achievement and retention. Many researchers like Farmer [11] studied about primary homework egypt ‘Academic Retention Indictors’, he pointed out number of thesis bibical healing, reasons given by students for non-persistence including effectiveness and quality of education. Barefoot [12] determined that the highest number of withdrawal is in the first year of graduation. 3.2 Linking of Social Academic Binding (SAB), External Environment Parameter (EEP), and Academic. Incompatibility to healing, Student’s Determination. With the rise of in HEI’s which is directly proportional to the number of students whose performance is bibical healing, poor in their respective courses or attrition rate, therefore lead to wastage of student’s time and HEI’s financial loss. Tinto [13] classical model of essays college, student leaving gives a valid reason for thesis bibical healing attrition.

Heyman [14] disclosed the admission essays college fact that students complete their courses at higher rate if they feel connected with their institutions and students those are connected socially fell less isolated as per Senhouse [15]. Woosley [16] experimented and found that the SAB positively affect student persistence and acacdemic performance. Due to thesis, rapid increase in NET generation, there are many sources by which the social binding is help, possible. Kord [17] stressed on the pros and cons of online social networking on HEI’ student’s academic experiences and healing, which will continue to help the students in edge essay, more techincal way. Vuong [18] , Brown-Welty #038; Tracz [19], they all believed that integration of bibical, social media and faculty interaction with peers are two important factors for hunting academic success. If HEI’s kept engaged these online generation students in their academic activities, this will not only increase but also create positive perceptions for higher learning environment. 3.3 The Linking between the Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) and Student’s Determination. Madinach [20] expressed that the higher education now a day’s become a mainstream educational methodology, therefore it required innovative methods to evaluate its impact. By combining technology and latest hybrid methods for evaluation can have positive impact and bibical healing, adds the credibility of student’s achievements and determination.

The CGPA on student determination is significantly related to continuous enrollment and essays, student determination was given by Porta-Merida [9]. Woosley [16] indicated that high level of social binding is directly linked to lower CGPA than academic integration, therefore leading to low academic performance caused due to disturbance from social influence. 3.4 Proposed Conceptual Framework ‘Basis for bibical healing Theoretical Orientation. The progress model of student as suggested by mba essay conclusion Kember [1] is the fundamental basis for this study in Figure 1. Thesis Healing. He identified four constructs of conclusion, student progress i) Social Binding (SB) (it is defined as the extent to thesis bibical, which the family and friends supports starting from the conclusion student’s registration till their persistence in the course i.e. moral support), ii) academic Binding (AB) (it includes all elements of contact between an HEI and the student’s), iii) external environment parameters (EEP) (it encompasses negative social binding, insufficient time etc. and others factors which hinder its plan of study) and thesis bibical healing, iv) academic incompatibility (it includes not only marks but overall student performance in their respective course). Tinto’s model studied and discussed student’s drop-out only where as Bean-Metzer’s [22] theoretical model recommends several other direct or indirect variables that eventually effects student’s determination. Figure 1: Kember’s [1] Student Progress Model ‘Basic. To prove research questions we alter the Kember’s framework in Figure 2 that depicts the mba essay conclusion pathway of the operational flow of the different variables in thesis, the conceptual model and shows how the university term papers"" measured variables affect the bibical student determination. Our model encompasses student trait’s, like gender, age or experience etc. and also learning skills and styles.. 4. Research Methodology. In Figure 2 the improvised model given by term us consists of strong integration environment, student traits (like age, gender, preference of thesis bibical healing, learning mode or style etc.), student performance (CGPA) , cost-benefit analysis (which is the method of choosing best option for the student by evaluating various factors like emotional, fiscal, and essay, social benefits against the expected values) and student’s determination (we were taking into account the student opinions to study student determination in terms of enrolling in course, early drop ‘out or transfer cases etc.)

4.1 Research Design-Study Sampling and Population of HEI. We try to explore in detail the relationships that exist among student opinions, their course performance, student determination, cost-benefit analysis and thesis bibical, lastly associated with their learning styles and characteristics. Cohen power [23] indicated that for the study sample should have two covariates, 4 independent variables and size should be minimum 97 (??=.05). The dataset [27] consist of on job hunting, 800 students who enrolled for the odd semester computer sciences courses like graduation program and post-graduation program students of bibical healing, HEI. The study is to explore the relationship among student’s geographical traits, student determinations, student’s course performance, cost-benefits and edge, students determination in bibical, association with the student learning styles at the institutions to verify the Kember model in this environment. Figure 2: Proposed Conceptual Framework Having Student’s Traits, Learning Style, Determination, CGPA and CB. The dataset [27] was collected and filtered. First level of filtering, the dataset was exported to excel, the filtered to ensure a good fit against research questions. Second level of filtering; provide us in admission college, detail the relationship to the mediator or exogenous variables of student traits: gender, age, class deliver mode student learning styles.

The final dataset moved into a database in a tool called as SPSS-Statistical package for the Social Sciences to create correlation matrices by calculating mean and Standard deviation (S.D.) for each variable. 5. Data Analysis and Results Discussions. The various variables under this study were: i) Independent Variables: Social and Academic Binding (SAB), External Environment Parameter (EEP) and Academic Incompatibility, ii) Covariate Variable: Student’s traits and learning styles, iii) Mediator Variable: Student Performance (c) and thesis, Cost-benefit (CB) analysis and iv) Dependent variable: Student Determination. By doing bivariate analysis (it is one of the simplest forms of homework help egypt, quantitative (statistical) analysis and involves the analysis of two variables (often denoted as X, Y), for the purpose of calculating the empirical relationship among them), we concluded that SAB, EEP, academic incompatibility, cost-benefit analysis (CBA) , CGPA and other student’s traits like age were also highly correlated with student determination. By mathematically performing multivariate analysis (where many relations between multiple variables are analyzed simultaneously), in which further two techniques were used i) logistic regression analysis, ii) multiple regression analysis, to bibical healing, analyze relationships between student progress factors and student determination. To find out the solution for homework the first research question, this study incorporates logistic regression analysis for healing dichotomous variables to verify relationships among student opinions, student traits, learning styles and student determination. For this study, we had used multiple regression analysis to evaluate the relationships levels . By doing logistic regression analysis, in Figure 3, the independent variables (IDV’s) were SAB, EEP and academic incompatibility. Essays On Job Hunting. It was found out that EEP was significant predictor for predicting student determination for enrolling in HEI’s and also the overall 75% predictions were accurate and more than 96% predictions for student determination were accurate. Thesis. EEP and academic incompatibility were the predictors for student determination of intent to enroll. Student Determination and opinions. Figure 3; Logistic regression analysis done to show the relationship between student opinions and student determination has negative correlation with EEP and academic incompatibility.

By doing multiple regression analysis (in Figure 4), it was found out that only an college, academic binding was a significant predictor. For the second question of proposed research question 1, EEP and thesis bibical, prior online learning style were significant predictors for predicting student determination. Term Papers"". To find the answer of the research question 2, the researcher measured intermediate effect to the relationship among student opinions and student determination. The results depicted the mediation effect of CGPA (in Figure 7) had a significant relationship with student determination. Student Determination and opinions. Figure 4 Multiple regression analysis done to show the relationship between student opinions and student determination has strong positive correlation with academic binding (AB) To answer the thesis healing research question 3 in essays on job hunting, Figure 5, the thesis researcher measured mediation effect by CB to the relationship between student opinions and student persistence.

By the inclusion of cost-benefit (CB) factor, the result showed that there was no relationship exists between student determination and CB. Student Determination and razors essay, opinions. Figure 5: Multiple regression analysis done to show the relationship between student opinions and student determination has partial or no correlation with mediation effect of cost benefit (CB) Finally, the study gave us the bibical abstract picture with following results a) EEP has a significant negative relationship with student determination, b) academic incompatibility and academic binding had a significant relationship with student determination, c) after controlling student traits EEP has a significant relationship (in Figure 6), d) CGPA had a little indirect effect (in Figure 7), e) CB doesn’t have any indirect effect on the relationship between student opinions and admission college, student determination (in Figure 5). Student Determination and opinions. Figure 6: Multiple regression analysis done to thesis, show the relationship between student opinions and student determination has weak positive correlation with EEP, after controlling Students Traits. Student Determination and opinions. Figure 7: Multiple regression analysis done to show the relationship between student opinions and mba essay, student determination has none or low positive correlation with CGPA. 6.1 For Proposed Research Question 1. The external environment parameters (EEP) are the significant predictor to the student determination and also inversely related to thesis bibical healing, his determination in achieving educational goals as stated by Kember [1] i.e. lowering EEP will increase student determination.

The negatives values of the college EEP is distractions, therefore lessening student’s learning time and so retarding study. Thesis Bibical Healing. Also it had been found out that first year students entering college directly from high school are the representation of the online generation, so therefore, HEI’s should replicate the homework same study culture or the same norms to increase determination but should have positive influence. Academic incompatibility and healing, academic binding are also significant predictors for student determination. Academic binding should be reinforced to motivate students e.g. increasing the essays quality and quantity of the bibical postings in online discussions as stated by primary egypt pyramids Jaing #038; Ting [24], focused feedback as by Filimban [25] and also giving tailored made programs suited to students so that it will increase their academic binding. It was proved that student determination diverted by thesis bibical strong negative social impact and social binding (SB) was not a significant predictor for student determination. In fact, social binding in essays hunting, higher learning environment has been highly touted in current educational systems.

Finally, previous net-savvy experience and learning style could help student’s in their determination. Therefore, Students in HEI’s should be nurtured and students new to HEI’s environment may need thorough orientation and how to build successful educational career. Bibical. While learning or teaching styles do not seem to have a major impact on student determination e.g. embedded video or audio may increase student determination. 6.2 For Proposed Research Question 2. CGPA had an impactful relationship with all three measurable factors of student determination. It had been found out the controlling CGPA, EEP and academic incompatibility were significant with student determination. Similarly, academic binding and EEP were also significant with student determination. The results implied that there was a little mediation effect of mba essay, CGPA on the relationship between student determination and student opinions.

The CGPA itself has a direct relationship with student determination. The research question has two partially rejected the bibical healing null hypothesis of mediation of CGPA on relationship between student opinions and student determination. Our study did not support the Kember [1] student progress model, regarding the relationship between student opinions and CGPA, yet supported the relationship between CGPA and student determination. David [26] had proved statistically that there was significant relationship between the CGPA and student determination to next academic year. In this study, the CGPA was a direct factor to predict student determination. Mba Essay. Therefore, the HEI’s need to thesis bibical healing, encourage students to achieve higher academic performance with good academic record and advice. 6.3 For Proposed Research Question 3. For the cost-benefits (CB), two important predictors were academic binding and academic incompatibility.

After controlling student opinions, CB had a no significant relationship with student determination. If CB, EEP and academic incompatibility factors were controlled, then they would affect the student determination significantly. Essays Hunting. Kember [1] model supports the thesis relationship between student opinions and student determination, but there was a significant relationship between academic binding, academic incompatibility and CB. Also there was no mediation effect of CB on the relationship between each student opinions and student determination. Stuart [27], explained that the admission students expected more the college in terms of benefits, as they invest huge fee amount. Healing. Based on this notion, HEI’s must need to admission essays, work on student motivation related to academic front to improve their determination. 7. Implications and Interpretation. The findings in this paper show how the student opinions affect the student determinations. Researchers have proved that the thesis negative sources of homework, EEP and academic incompatibility is dangerous for bibical healing student determination. Earlier social media networking was not in much demand as present world, so researcher like Kember [1] did not take into account social media phenomena. Mba Essay. But it can be assumed or extrapolated on thesis, the same notion that the negative sources of primary homework egypt pyramids, EEP are same as social binding factor.

In this study, we found out that EEP has major influence on student determination. Similarly, academic incompatibility and academic binding are important factors for scoring student determination. Finally, less EEP contributed to more student determination and also negative EEP distracts students from learning associated with insufficient time or others factors hindering educational goals. Reducing EEP for e.g. the amount of time for social distractions between family and thesis bibical healing, friends or time management, would increase student determination. Nowadays, because of the development of IT and more use of social media in education [28], many HEI’s are now targeting on edge, (SAB) social and bibical, academic integration for mentoring and increasing student motivation that leads to a successful e-learning environment. In today’s world, the net generation students should be given guidelines on the procedures like time-management to cut social distractions. Enforcing the student’s to be regular in an academic environment will increase their efficiency related to admission essays college, student’s determination to student degree course completion. Thesis Healing. Today HEI’s are moving toward e-learning environment to transform a negative binding to positive binding by developing recognized user-friendly approaches with latest cutting edge technology. In [29], it has been proved that HEI’s are transforming the hunting education through various performance indicators (one of them is social media or Internet). Moreover, academic incompatibility gained one more score of student determination leading to HEI’s more and more flexible and increases caring and loyalty by the students. Relaxing few EEP factors not only increases the loyalty but also motivates the thesis bibical healing students to achieve educational goals.

Another important predictor for conclusion student determination is the academic binding and peer interaction linking to academic exchange. Faculty members or instructors must give more focused feedback related to course assignments to thesis bibical healing, increase academic binding. Nowadays, instead of e-learning, Mobile learning (M- learning) crop up as new field that increases student flexibility and time management. Lastly, in help pyramids, making student’s opinions, CGPA plays a significant predictor for student determination. It can be concluded that HEI’s should focus on the students to achieve higher performance through academic learning process.

8. Conclusion and Future Research. Our study examined and proposed new version of thesis healing, student’s progress model in order to evaluate the direct or indirect effects of student’s determination for successful completion of their graduation or post graduation programs. Due to increase in social networking environment, the admission essays college ample of social binding take place and bibical healing, have both negative effect on CGPA as well as a the positive effect on their retention. Most of the researchers in education have found out essays, that learning outcomes were best when face to face classes were conducted. Bibical. We have found out that the essays on job hunting negative results for the EEP which can’t be considered as the positivity of the thesis bibical healing social binding. Furthermore, many students have obligations such as work, family and study which are the additional EEP factors which further hinder their studies. Therefore, reducing negative impact of EEP helps the students to accomplish their educational goals based on the results of bibical, our study. According to thesis healing, us, a remedial solution would be for HEI’s to bibical, develop such social media platforms for continuous study and bibical, interaction.

Finally, CGPA, student performance, academic binding were crucial factors for student determination. We have concluded from the healing results that the relationships that exist between the CGPA and student determination was significant and plays an important role in student determination. It is proved that the increased use of social media as a resource to bind academic tasks with learning could increase student CGPA which result in continuation of the academic journey with improvised student retention and determination. This paper is only shows the relationships that exists among student opinions and student determination by taking into account different variables that directly or indirectly effects student determination. We have analyzed that the relationship between each student characteristics related to student determination over which the HEI has no control. Also, the bibical subjects of this study were only and only students who were taking admission in HEI’s not others members like faculty, administrators or parents,. Therefore, while analyzing the results caution must be taken about the non-traditional students or other categories of razors, students and higher learning institutions. In this case, feedback or responses are taken from college going students to meet their educational goals within the community and the college enjoinment. It is thesis bibical healing, possible that this study can be used as initial point for understanding what others aspects may be predictable to other students in other part of the country and also for e-learning students having other values with respect to their education. [1] Kember, D. (1995).

Open learning courses for adults: A model of student progress. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Educational Technology Pub- lications. [2] Nichols, M. (2010). Student perceptions of papers"", support services and the influence of targeted interventions on retention in distance education. Distance Education, 31, 93-113. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0158791100372504.

[3] Spady, W. (1971). Dropouts from higher education: Toward an thesis healing, empiri-cal mode. Interchange, 2, 38-62. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02282469. [4] Tinto, V. (1975). Dropout from higher education: A theoretical synthe-sis of recent research. Review of Educational Research, 45, 89-125. http://dx.doi.org/10.3102/00346543045001089. [5] Bean, J., #038; Metzner, B. (1985). A conceptual model of nontraditional undergraduate student attrition.

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Adult student persistence in Web-based education. Ph.D. Dissertation, New York: New York University. [9] Porta-Merida, S. Thesis Healing. (2009). Online learning success: Underlying con- structs affecting student attrition. Ph.D. Dissertation, Boca Raton, FL: Lynn University. [10] Kay, S. (2009). Student graduation studies in online education.

Ed.D. Dissertation, Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania. [11] Farmer, L. (2009). Correlation of student expectations of bibical healing, online classes and course grades at a community college. D.M. Dissertation, Phoe- nix, AZ: University of primary help egypt, Phoenix. [12] Barefoot, B. O. (2004). Higher education’s revolving door: Confronting the problem of student dropout in US colleges and universities. Open Learning, 19, 9-18. Thesis. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0268051042000177818. [13] Tinto, V. (1993).

Leaving college: Rethinking the causes and cures of admission essays, student attrition. Chicago, IL: The University of thesis bibical, Chicago Press. [14] Heyman, E. (2010). Overcoming student retention issues in edge, higher education online programs: A Delphi study. Ed.D.

Dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of bibical healing, Phoenix. [15] Senhouse, S. (2008). Essays On Job. How to keep them hooked: A study of social integration and retention among distance learners. Ph.D. Dissertation, St. Minneapolis, MN: Capella University. [16] Woosley, S., #038; Miller, A. (2009).

Integration and institutional com- mitment as predictors of college student transition: Are third week indicators significant? College Student Journal, 43, 1260-1271. [17] Kord, J. (2008). Understanding the Facebook Generation: A study of the healing relationship between online social networking and academic and social integration and intentions to re-enroll. Ph.D. Mba Essay. Dissertation, Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas. [18] Vuong, M., Brown-Welty, S., #038; Tracz, S. (2010).

The effects of self- efficacy on academic success of first-generation college sophomore students. Journal of College Student Development, 51, 50-64. http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/csd.0.0109. [19] Brown, C. (2007). Thesis Bibical Healing. An empirical test of the nontraditional undergradu-ate student attrition model using structural equation modeling. Term. Ph.D. Dissertation, Athens, OH: Ohio University. [20] Mandinach, E. B. (2005). The development of effective evaluation methods for thesis bibical E-learning: A concept paper and action plan. Teachers College Record, 107, 1814-1835. Primary Pyramids. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9620.2005.00543.x. [21] Bean, J., #038; Metzner, B. (1985).

A conceptual model of thesis bibical healing, nontraditional undergraduate student attrition. Review of Educational Research, 55, 485-540. http://dx.doi.org/10.3102/00346543055004485. [23] Jiang, M., #038; Ting, E. (2000). A study of factors influencing students’ perceived learning in thesis bibical healing, a web-based course environment. Healing. International Journal of Educational Telecommunications, 6, 317-338. [24] Filimban, G. Z. Papers"". (2008). Factors that contribute to bibical, the effectiveness of online learning technology at Oregon State University. http://search.proquest.com/docview/304500250?accountid=28844. [25] Davis, C. (2010). College. Noncognitive predictors of academic performance and healing, persistence in primary homework help egypt pyramids, horizontal and thesis healing, vertical transfer students by aca- demic level. Ph.D. Dissertation, Norfolk, VA: Old Dominion University.

[26] Stuart, G. R. (2010). Conclusion. A benefit/cost analysis of three student enrollment behaviors at thesis bibical healing, a community college: Dropout, transfer and completion of an university papers"", associate’s degree/certificate. Ph.D. Healing. Dissertation, Cleveland, OH: Cleveland State University. [27] Anna H. Lint (2013). E-Learning Student Perceptions on Scholarly Persistence in edge, the 21st Century with Social Media in Higher Education. Bibical. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ce.2013.411102. [28] Madan, Mamta #038; Chopra, Meenu (2013). The Education Get the Facelift by Going Social.

International Journal of Application in Engineering #038; Management, Vol. Pyramids. 2 (12), pp. 50-53. http://www.ijaiem.org/volume2issue12/IJAIEM-2013-12-09-017.pdf. [29] Madan, Mamta #038; Chopra, Meenu (2013). Data Mining: A Mode to thesis, Reform Today’s Higher Learning Institutions through Performance Indicators. Mba Essay Conclusion. Cyber Times International Journal of Technology #038; Management, Vol.

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Some of these systems cannot read graphics, tables, symbols, or charts. If you want to ensure that an ATS doesn’t lose information in razors edge essay, your resume, then plain text format is the safest choice. This modern resume style features a clean layout, traditional sans-serif fonts, and prominent titles. Thesis Healing? See all of our ATS-Ready Resume Examples. Tested for clarity and readability, Clean and Simple Resume Templates will add just the right amount of style to your professional profile. These effective designs rely on typography, white space, and color to create a professional and current look. If you think this resume style is for essays hunting, you, download one of three examples below, or choose from seventy options we offer here. Our Modern designs are elegant and streamlined with a twist of thesis healing, creativity. While these layouts would be appropriate for a variety of conclusion, industries, they are ideal for high-tech professions where candidates want to portray experience, discipline, and knowledge, as well as show that they are progressive and current with the latest technology. Thesis Bibical Healing? See three examples below, or follow the link to on job, view more templates in our Modern Resume Design Library. Our Contemporary Templates will help you create an up-to-date and dynamic resume.

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For eighteen sample resumes, each showcasing different techniques to bibical healing, fit resume content on a single page, follow the link to our discussion of One-Page Resumes. These artistic templates are a great design choice for any industry that values creativity. As fancy and bursting with imagination as they are, be sure to primary homework help pyramids, consider who will be reading them. Healing? You may love them, but not every employer will find them appropriate. If a creative resume template is right for you, download one of our 40+ examples from the Creative Resume Library. Infographic resumes are a new trend, and have gained a great deal of popularity in 2017. This resume type uses images, charts, and mba essay conclusion graphs to tell the story of your professional life.

Creative resumes and visual layouts are not yet well accepted by thesis bibical, all hiring managers, so be sure to consider your industry. We created 12 new designs featuring a variety of graphics for bibical, you to download – see our Infographic Resume Library. This new resume template library provides resume examples for various careers and career stages. If you are a student or recent graduate with little or no job experience, then try our entry-level job examples: For students or recent graduates with some work experience, see more of our entry-level resume samples: Use these industry-specific examples if you have three or more years of professional experience in bibical, customer service or healthcare industries:

If you live in thesis healing, one of the South Asian countries (Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, India), then please see our country-specific examples: Good, bad or ugly? Should you use a resume template? Some recruiting professionals advise against using templates and resume builders. They believe using those tools makes your resume look generic and keeps you from standing out from other candidates. This concern is worth considering. Recruiters and hiring managers see hundreds of resumes every day. Bibical? One that is poorly crafted in either its formatting or its content will be quickly spotted and primary homework egypt pyramids moved to the slush pile. Templates fix the issue of poor formatting by doing it for thesis, you. With a template, you will not spend hours trying to thesis, adjust margins and fonts. The content produced by resume templates and builders, however, is not meant to be the bibical, final result.

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What are they and do you need one? If resume formatting is not your thing, you can get help from an online resume builder. This resume-making tool handles both design and content, and hunting can create excellent first drafts. Thesis? The search for work is a race, and resume builders are starting blocks. They don’t get you to the finish line, but can give you a head start over your competition. Resume builders offer many features that simplify the job-hunting process. Here are a few: Email and online resume – You can email prospective employers or post your resume online in many formats.

Writing Tips – Use tips and sample phrases to describe your work history and achievements. Cover letter templates and thesis builders – Build a strong cover letter with templates and tips. Design – Built-in resume templates take care of formatting and design. Resume samples – Compare your resume against samples. Resume analytics – Find out if your resume is being viewed and downloaded. … but keep in mind.

As powerful a tool as resume builders can be, they are still best treated as first drafts. The algorithms resume builders use are able to incorporate basic syntax and industry jargon. They do not, however, always sound natural. As Brenda Barron pointed out at thesis bibical business.tutsplus.com, “Using canned sentences can seem like keyword stuffing.” Resumes serve two functions. Their overt function is to list your skills, experience, and edge education. But their covert function is to show prospective employers how well you communicate, as well as your communication style. Because of this, you need to edit your resume so that it sounds close to your natural, professional speaking voice. If you feel a resume builder is the tool for you, see this page to find an online resume builder. Starting off on the right foot.

A resume cover letter needs to bibical healing, do more than introduce you and highlight some of your skills. It needs to be engaging, well crafted, and well researched. It needs to avoid sounding like a hard sell while still selling you to the company. Essays? If a resume is thesis bibical, a list of your accomplishments, then its cover letter is university papers"", where you get to tell the story of how you achieved those accomplishments. Use it to explain how your experiences will benefit the company. Tell the thesis bibical, potential employer why this job is important to you. To help you avoid some common pitfalls and maximize the potential of term papers"", your application, experts agree that you should consider the bibical healing, following guidelines. Don’t skimp – While not all hiring managers read cover letters, they are not a waste of time. Just having one could increase your chances of getting a job interview—even if the employer doesn’t read it.

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Use a spelling and grammar checker and writing apps. Ask someone else to read it and give you advice. Read from the razors edge essay, end to the beginning and use other editing and proofreading tips. Learn how to format a resume by thesis bibical, making the most of essay, Microsoft Word’s features. Our short video tutorials will teach you some basic formatting tips and tricks. How to use paragraph styles and thesis themes How to homework, change header, footer, margins, and thesis page size How to fit resume text on one page, and primary homework help how to remove blank pages How to thesis, customize tabs, text boxes and mba essay tables How to bibical, add and mba essay conclusion remove sections. Please keep in mind that: All files are compatible with Microsoft Word, and bibical many of them will work in other applications such as Mac Pages, Google Docs and OpenOffice. We create our templates in Microsoft Office 2010 and we use Microsoft Word default fonts. If you do not have these fonts installed or use a different operating system, our templates might look different on your computer.

We use text styles and built-in color schemes to create our templates. Primary Egypt Pyramids? Knowing how to use paragraph styles will ease the process of modifying a template. While most resumes are US Letter size, some are A4. You can change the thesis bibical healing, page size to make it compatible with the on job hunting, size used in your country. For creative designs with colored backgrounds, consider setting the page color to thesis healing, “none” and print on a high-quality colored paper.

If the design requires borderless printing, a local print shop can help you if that feature is unavailable on your home printer. 855.213.0348 | MON-FRI 8A-8P, SAT 8A-5P, SUN 10A-6P CST. 2017 Bold Limited. All rights reserved. POWERED BY BOLD.